Chemistry 223H1 Fall Term 2009
Instructor: Dr. D.F. McIntosh Email: dmcintos@chem.utoronto.ca Office hours: Fridays 4:00 5:00 pm Rm 223 in Lash Miller Lectures: T : LM 159 F : LM 159 Textbook: 2:00 3:30 pm 2:00 3:30 pm
Physical Chemistry for the Biologica
Section 9 Part III
Figure 4 Amounts of A (unabsorbed ethanol), B (absorbed ethanol) and C (ethanol oxidized by LADH) according to the integrated rate laws for first-order / zeroth-order consecutive reactions. [A]0 = 1 mol ; k1 = 0.00289 s-1 ; k2 = 0.00004
Section 9 Part II
9.3.2. First Order Kinetics Continued.
Rate = - d [A] / dt = k [A] [A] = [A]0 e
-kt
ln ([A]/[A]0) = - k t Plot of ln cfw_ [A] / [A]0 vs. t gives a straight line with a slope that is given by k
[A] = [A]0 e
-kt
Exponential decay of [A] w
SECTION 9:
Kinetics
Chapter 12 in Chang Text
Outline for Section 9 Part I 9.1. Kinetics in Pharmaceutical Science 9.2. Rates of Reactions 9.3. Reaction Order: Zero-Order, 1st Order
9.1. Chemical Kinetics in Pharmaceutical Science
Why do we, as pharmaceuti
Section 8.0: CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM
Chapter 9 in Chang Text
.the direction of spontaneous change at constant T and P is towards lower values of Gibbs Energy (G). this also applies to chemical reactions
Gibbs energy of reaction (G).
.consider the reaction A
Outline of the Course
1) Review and Definitions 2) Molecules and their Energies 3) 1st Law of Thermodynamics - Conservation of Energy. 4) 2nd Law of Thermodynamics - Ever-Increasing Entropy. 5) Gibbs Free Energy 6) Phase Diagrams and REAL Phenomena 7) Non
Outline of the Course
1) Review and Definitions 2) Molecules and their Energies 3) 1st Law of Thermodynamics - Conservation of Energy. 4) 2nd Law of Thermodynamics - Ever-Increasing Entropy. 5) Gibbs Free Energy 6) Phase Diagrams and REAL Phenomena 7) Non
Outline of the Course
1) Review and Definitions 2) Molecules and their Energies 3) 1st Law of Thermodynamics 4) 2nd Law of Thermodynamics 5) Gibbs Free Energy 6) Phase Diagrams and REAL Phenomena
7) Non-Electrolyte Solutions 8) Chemical Equilibrium 9) Kin
Outline of the Course
1) Review and Definitions 2) Molecules and their Energies 3) 1st Law of Thermodynamics 4) 2nd Law of Thermodynamics 5) Gibbs Free Energy 6) Phase Diagrams and REAL Phenomena 7) Non-Electrolyte Solutions & Simple Mixtures 8) Chemical
Outline of the Course
1) Review and Definitions 2) Molecules and their Energies 3) 1st Law of Thermodynamics 4) 2nd Law of Thermodynamics 5) Gibbs Free Energy 6) Phase Diagrams and REAL Phenomena 7) Non-Electrolyte Solutions & Simple Mixtures 8) Chemical
Outline of the Course
1) Review and Definitions 2) Molecules and their Energies 3) 1st Law of Thermodynamics 4) 2nd Law of Thermodynamics
5) Gibbs Free Energy 6) Phase Diagrams and REAL Phenomena 7) Non-Electrolyte Solutions & Simple Mixtures 8) Chemical
Section 3.0.
The 1st Law of Thermodynamics
(CHANG text Chapter 4)
3.1. Revisiting Heat Capacities 3.2. Definitions and Concepts 3.3. The First Law of THERMODYNAMICS 3.4. Enthalpy 3.5. Adiabatic Expansion of an Ideal Gas 3.6. Thermochemistry 3.7. Bond Ener
Outline of the Course
1) Review and Definitions 2) Molecules and their Energies 3) 1st Law of Thermodynamics
4) 2nd Law of Thermodynamics 5) Gibbs Free Energy 6) Phase Diagrams and REAL Phenomena 7) Non-Electrolyte Solutions 8) Chemical Equilibrium 9) Che
9.8. Theories of Reaction Rates
We will consider one theory for reaction rates.
Transition State Theory
(please also take a look at Collision Theory in Chang text pages 473-474) .theory developed by Henry Eyring in the 1930s .enables us to calculate the r