Chapter 9 How do we sense, perceive, and see the world?
Migraines and Case of Blind sight
Migraine recurrent headache usually on one side of the head, vary in severity, frequency and
duration accompanied by vomiting and nausea most common neurological d
Chapter 7 Neuro-investigative Techniques
Measuring Brain and Behavior
- Study of the biological basis of behavior
- Includes the study of both humans and laboratory animals
- Major challenge is to develop methods for studying
Chapter 11 How Does the NS Respond to Stimulation and Produce Movement?
ALS/Lou Gehrig disease when motor neurons that control muscles no longer connect to them =
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and affects movement, and eventually br
PSYB65- LEC 02- AN INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN NEUROPSYCHOLOGY
Origins of Human Brain & Behaviour
Adaptations occur as advantage for the organism
Brain evolution: fish, frogs, birds & humans all have very similar brain structure
development (e.g. cerebrum)
PSYB65- LEC 03
Dorsal root, ventral root (afferent and efferent fibers respectively)
Cranial nerves for different parts of the face
Dogs olfactory system are huge- compared to humans (they have different capabilities)
Spinal nerves are
Chapter 3 What are the Nervous Systems Functional Units?
A Genetic Diagnosis
Twins (Alexis and Noah Beery) acquired cerebral palsy perinatally (at or near birth) poor
muscle tone and barley walk or sit drool, vomit, and tremors
Typically children wh
Chapter 1 What Are the Origins of Brain and Behaviour?
Living with Traumatic Brain Injury
Fred Linge clinical psychologist who wrote a description of his head injury
- couldnt taste or smell, read without forgetting etc.
- involved himself with other br
Chapter 5 How do Neurons Communicate and Adapt?
The Basis of Neural Communication in a Heartbeat
Heart rate changes to match energy expenditure to meet the bodys nutrient and oxygen
A Chemical Message
Loewis successful heartbeat experime
Chapter 2 What is the Nervous Systems Functional Anatomy?
Agenesis of the Cerebellum
Agenesis the failure of brain regions to develop one structure is absent yet the rest of the
brain seems normal
Cerebellum the motor structure
- The most obvious sign o
Chapter 4 How do Neurons Use Electrical Signals to Transmit Information
J.D suddenly collapsed making unusual jerky motions and passed out
- electroencephalogram EEG done to display a series of abnormal electrical patterns =
Chapter 10 How do we hear, speak and make music?
Evolution of Language and Music
Music plays as central a role in our social and emotional lives as language does
All singing primates are monogamous = singing related to sexual behaviour; music plays a ro
Chapter 15 How does the brain think?
Epileptic Seizures begin in Corpus Callosum
Split brain when CC split show unique behavioural syndrome
Arrange blocks to form identical with those shown on cards
With right hand great difficulty slow
Chapter 1 What Are The Origins of Brain and Behaviour?
1.1 Neuroscience in the Twenty-First Century
Why Study Brain and Behaviour?
- Brain = physical object, living organ
- Behaviour = action, momentarily observation, but fleeting
- Three reasons for link
TABLE16A3 Summarg of DSM-S Diagnostic Classiitation of Disorders
Diagnostic category Core features and examples of specic disorders
Neurodevelopmental disorders Disorders typically manifest early; characterized by developmean decits that produce impairmen
Chapter 16 What happens when the brain misbehaves?
Virtual Reality VR exposure therapy controlled virtual immersion environment combining
realistic street scenes, sounds, and odors that allow people to relive traumatic events
Stress injures the bra
Brain and Behaviour Lecture 9
Olfactory & Gustatory Systems
- Chemosignals (chemical signals) play a central role in motivated and emotional behavior
Identify group members
Identify favorite and forbidden
Chapter 14 How do we learn and remember?
Dyslexia impairment in learning to read most common learning disability
Abnormal collections of neurons, or warts in and around the brains language areas
Abnormalities in auditory thalamus deficit in auditory pro
Evolution of the
Brain & Behaviour
Origins of the Human Brain and
Evolution is not linear
Humans today are the only surviving member
of the hominid branch
Cellular Composition & Function
A proteins shape and its ability to change shape and to
combine with other proteins are central to its function.
Four Levels of Protein Structure
Whether a polypeptide chain forms a pl
The Spinal Cord
Strand of afferent fibers entering the spinal
Carries sensory information to the brain
Strand of efferent fibers leaving the spinal
Carries motor information to the
Neuropsychology of learning and memory, frontal and
temporal lobe syndromes
Frontal lobe syndrome = damage to just the prefrontal area (most anterior portion
o Frontal lobe has primary motor cortex thats in charge of motor function.
Neuropsychology of brain damage
and language: The aphasias
Dysphasia = aphasia = problem in speaking
o Alexia = deficit in reading
o Agraphia = problem in writing
Severity of symptoms depends on size of lesion/tumor/stroke
Three types of aphasia
Cerebral Dominance and the
Neuropsychology of Language
Damage to left hemisphere in adults results in some sort of aphasia (problem in
o Approximately 30% of the time, left hemisphere damaged people show
recovery if they are left-handed
Psychopharmacology of Drug action,
Depressants, Opiates, and
Depressants are categorized into barbiturates, non-barbiturates and alcohol
o Help people sleep and relax
o Work through GABA, which is the primary inhibitory neurotransmitter