POL 320 EXAM APRIL 17 - 9 AM TO 12 PM QUOTES 10 out of 12 quotes Identify the person and their central ideas ESSAY Comparative questions Three thinkers, at least one will be from the beginning The essay will be on one of the themes listed below One questi
February 3, 2016
Problems With Civil Society
Marx, being a Hegelian, is also concerned with self-determination and the actualization of
Hegel believed the creation of civil society was the grand achievement of the modern age.
March 23, 2016
Beyond Good & Evil is a philosophy of the future, a new way of looking at how we progress.
Nietzsches writing style was purposely different and complex.
Nietzsche was experimenting with new ideas and thoughts in his writings, henc
Eighth Epoch - From the Invention of Printing, to the Period when the Sciences and Philosophy Threw
off the Yoke of Authority.
Ninth Epoch - From the Time of Descartes, to the Formation of the French Republic
The ninth epoch, according to Condor
In Burkes eyes, how revolutionary was the French Revolution? What are some of the reasons for his
Burke argued that the French Revolution would end disastrously because its abstract
foundations, purportedly rational, ignored the complexiti
January 13, 2016
Transition to a new era, transition to a modern era; difficult not to see whats going on.
Time of approaching change; Hegel attempts to understand and interpret this approaching
change, when writing in the early 19th century.
March 9, 2016
Liberty is an integral part of human development; a struggle between subjects and their rulers.
With collapse of pre-modern world, a crisis of authority emerged
Who will speak for moral and political authority in the new modern w
Discourse on Inequality
What are the two types of inequality? Is there a relationship between the two?
Rousseau discusses two types of inequality, natural, or physical inequality, and ethical, or moral
inequality. Natural inequality involves diff
What is Enlightenment for Kant? What is the major condition for the possibility for
enlightenment as he views it?
Enlightenment is the human beings emergence from his self-incurred minority. Kant means
emergence from a form of slavery, in which one i
January 27, 2016
Social contract gives you an abstract right to private property.
Yet a violation of the right puts into question of the universalization of the right.
Only way to affirm the right as universal is to punish those who break it.
February 10, 2016
Marx believes that we must get rid of Hegels mysticism, get rid of the shell around the kernel of
Marx believes matter, not mind, is the basic causal factor of history.
History can be understood as a process throug
The Persian Letters (Part 1)
Background of Montesquieu (1689-1755)
Thinker from the enlightenment
Which is a period of time where the pursuit of truth and knowledge
is above all else (a celebration of reason)
Direct undermining of religious
GENEALOGY - the true genesis of morality and Christianity
1. What is a genealogy? 2. Slave morality and herd morality 3. Master morality a. Grand master b. Task master c. Beyond good and evil -
Genealogy of Western morality The content has not
General will is us reflecting what is good altogether
What response to the question would be good for the group as a
Once a populace is informed they should vote in silence
The general will must be enligh
Rousseau (Part 2)
I: The Second Discourse
Even a narrow economic hands (the invisible hand) is not equal to
the benefit of all
It means that social benefits are distributed unequally on basis of
wealth not need
Government doesnt become an in
M to R to G, are all competing with each other but also engaged in a
dialogue about what is fundamental to political life
Troglygite store is looking at specific societies not all societies
We need to conclude why they con
Montesquieu says the English constitution is the best practice of modern
government (devoted to liberty)
Moderate governments can be either republics or monarchies
Free governments may take inspiration from the English m
Montesquieu (Part 2)
State of Nature
He is not positivist (there is something deeper than the whims of a
person or body)
He was thinking in law in terms of relationship
All things have laws
He is trying to work through the different relatio
She addresses her work to Talleyrand
He was a key figure in France (especially in education)
He opposed the idea of educating women
Echoing Rousseau, women where to be supportive wives
Leaving womens rights out of the revolu
Greatest happiness for greatest number
Premise of basic human equality and is devoted to enhancing human
Animals like humans are sentient beings- so animals should enter into our
They are wrong as they