CONSCIOUSNESS AS A SOCIAL PHENOMENON:
- Early behaviourists denied that consciousness existed and that psychological
investigation based on behaviour
Can We Understand Consciousness:
Three philosophical positions about the nature of consciousness:
Theories & Hypotheses
Scientific processes begin with a theory that relates to some kind of
Good theories lead to hypotheses.
What makes a good theory is when predictions are tested in a way that
might prove them incorrect.
1. Pitch is the perception of waveloudness perception of wavefrequency and
2. According to gestalt psychology; church would be people would befigure & ground
3. Terrible seizures, corpus callus unable to name cow b/c speech centre is on left bra
What is Psychology?
Study of the human mind, consciousness and unconsciousness, human behavior,
how society influences a person and how that person would interact with people
Study of how things work in the External World.
To understand Psych
Neurons & the Nervous System
Consists of Peripheral & Central Nervous Systems.
Our body has 2 modes that co-exist.
We have systems within us that are designed to keep us alive for the long term
and then we have another kind of sys
1. John loves hotdogs. Over the weekend, John had food poisoning after eating some expired
hotdogs. Johns love for hotdogs has no turned into a bitter disgust. This is an example of:
Conditioned taste aversion
2. Skinner used a cumulative recorder to meas
Consciousness Visual & Perception
What you image in your head.
Whatever comes to mind.
What you actually see or hear or feel.
Somewhere in our brain is a separate entity.
What is Consciousness?
Being awake & alert.
Memory: Not A Single Noun
There is also an auditory version of sensory memory that is called echoic memory.
As a further example, Steve will now do an auditory demonstration of echoic memory
his so-called 5-3-5-7-2-stop game.
mTuner 4 Answers
1. What hormone is most strongly related to stress? Cortisol
2. In what therapy might you complete a role play designed to have you fully experience an emotion
that youve been suppressing? Emotion-focused therapy
3. .ve behavioural therap
Cartesian Dualism father is Rene Descartes
Pseudoscience does not use basic principles of scientific thinking while
Training volunteers through stimulus and report the stimulus
When a study analyses deception, Debriefing is re
SPEECH AND LANGUAGE
Language flexible systems that use systems to express many meanings
Psycholinguistics branch of psychology devoted to the study of verbal behaviour,
concerned about how verbal behaviour develops and how children learn to speak from
Hypnosis unusual form of verbal control that apparent enables one person to control
another person`s behaviour, thoughts and perception . It is very widely debated whether
Franz Anton Mesmer found when he passed magnets back and
LEARNING AND ENCODING IN LONG TERM MEMORY:
we can remember perceptions received by all of our sensory systems and therefore
have memory systems for all of them, where they can be combined and
interconnected to identify things and their chronological o
ORGANIZATION OF LONG TERM MEMORY:
Episodic and Semantic Memory:
Endel Tulving suggest there are two kinds of long term memory; episodic and semantic
- Episodic Memory provides us with a record of our life experiences, memory
about specific things w
OVERVIEW OF MEMORY:
Memory the cognitive processes of encoding, storing and retrieving information
Encoding the active process of putting stimulus information into a form that
can be used by our memory system
Storage the process of maintaining information
REMEMBERING, RECOLLECTIN AND FORGETTING:
How does memory last?
Hermann Ebbinghaus conducted experiment on him and memorized random syllables,
and found much of what he learned was forgotten very quickly but every after month he
can still recall some of in
Selective Attention process that controls our awareness of and readiness to respond
to, particular categories of stimuli and stimuli in a particular location, attentional systems
serve to enhance responsiveness to certain things and t
SHORT TERM OR WORKING MEMORY:
Encoding of Information in the Short Term: Interaction with Long Term Memory:
Information in sensory memory enters short-term memory where its rehearsed
enough to transfer to long term and then person can stop thinking about
Sleep behaviour characterised by an altered consciousness, where we have dreams
that can be just as vivid as experiences of behaviour as we are awake, however forgotten
as soon as they are over
The Stages of Sleep:
Polygraph instrument that records
MTuner harder questions:
Q: Which area of the brain is involved in relaying sensory information to different
regions of the brain?
Q: The _ allow you to deliberately guide and reflect on your own behaviour and
A: Frontal lob