The Archaeological Record
1. What four stages will most artifacts go through before they enter
the archaeological record?
Acquisition - how you get the artifact initially; directly, or through trade
Manufacture - modification of raw materials to make the
Anthropology 100 Study Questions & Answers
Introduction to Evolution
What do paleoanthropologists seek to determine in their analysis of the
Biological evolution of human and non-human primates
Primatologists carry out non-human primate
Introduction to Evolution
1. What do paleoanthropologists seek to determine in their analysis of fossil
The evolutionary history of behaviour in humans and non-human primates.
2. Why is natural selection important in biological evolution?
As time progresses and the world evolves, anthropologists strive to distinguish what separates
the human race from other primates, more specifically, chimpanzees. The development of new
technology and the increase in scientific research has provided new e
cytosine (C), guanine (G), and thymine (T). Each rung is composed of only 2
possible combinations of base pairs, A and T or C with G, held together by
relatively weaker hydrogen chemical bonds.
3. What is one of the important outcomes of genetic drift, in
Did Neanderthals contribute to the genome of modern humans?
Small range of genetic contribution to non-African modern humans. 1-4%
likely in levant area. Denisovan cave discovery hinted further of
Neanderthal contribution to genome.
What are the p
Primates & Human Evolution
1. What are some of the key morphological trends in hominin evolution?
Larger brain size, larger body size, opposable thumbs,
2. What are some of the morphological features used by early
researchers (pheneticists) to suggest tha
Several controversial claims of shelter
Homo erectus technology was very conservative; only slight changes over its entire span
1. How did Middle Palaeolithic technology differ from its predecessors?
2. What are major technological trends in
Population Pressure Theory
Mark Cohen - 1970s
Gradual population pressure throughout human history has led to many major
At the end of the Pleistocene, increasing populations led people to need to get
more food out of each given area o
-1) the increase in brain size over time and 2) the size of the brain in relation to
total body mass. The brain-size to body mass ratio does not change that much in
#2) What are some of the morphological features used by researchers
EVO Review Questions
Principals of Evolution
#2) What is the chemical composition of DNA and RNA, and what does each
do in terms of protein foundation?
DNA- double stranded helix, rungs of DNA ladder composed of 4 nucleotide bases:
adenine (A), cytosine (
-tapetum lucidum which is a biological system improving the animals ability to see
in low light conditions, and a post orbital bar, a ring of bone around the eye socket.
-one infraorder (lemuriforms) and two superfamilies (lemuroidea and lorisoidea)
Human Variation and Forensic Anthropology
#1) How is racism viewed in terms of its biological relevance to modern humans?
-skin pigmentation results primarily from variations in the color, size and density of
melanin granules produced by melanocytes in th
Chapter 1 The Nature of Anthropology
- The study of humankind, everywhere, throughout time
- All encompassing look at human groups in relation to each other to transcend the
biases of our own sex, class, tribe, race, nation, religion, culture and time