March 12th Boethius
Nature reason gets
Phl and theo both upholad same limit of human reason.
- Eternity and eternal duration
o True eternity belongs to God alone
o God is outside of time and possesses all perfect things
- Infinite duration
Scotus defends realist position and add on individualism
Ockhumis: Resurrection of Normalitsm
Principle of parsimony/economy
A plurality is not to be posited unless absolutely necessary
Account of S gives for background of universal. O argues that all pos
PHL206 Lecture 16
March 7, 2013
Boethius and Averroes had a similar mind set but Averroes had not been translated into Latin yet,
so Boethius did not read him.
Philosophy study of being as such
Theoretical sciences: Physics natural philosophy (things in m
Youre free if you have an alternative. Scotus wants an explanation for the
alternative. Will is self-moving, self-determining, power for opposites.
Will- rational appetite.
Natural is defined by the lacking of power for opposites vs Rational power
March 19th: John Duns Scotus
Henry of Ghant
Article 2: anti-skepticism* skip Article 4
Both Henry and Bonaventure agree on the strong theory that we only get knowledge
through divine illumination. But that doesnt give enough power to our natural
Cont. Human Nature: Soul, Body, Cognitive Faculties (Pg 494-508)
Question 79. The Souls Intellective Capacities
Article 2. Is the intellect a passive capacity?
First article address the issue of intellect as being passive.
This feature sh
Gods Providence and Will Pg 478-82
Creation and Eternity (Pg 483-93)
1. God= the umoved-prime mover
2. Efficient cause= creator
An efficient cause is always prior to its effect. You have to posit the cause for the
effect to come about.
3. Possible Existen
Cont. Human Knowledge and Will (Pg. 508-518)
Existence of Godthe Five Ways (Pg. 466-70), Names of God (Pg. 472-478)
Aquinass Solution on Illumination
Question 84: What does the soul cognize bodies through?
Objection is anti-illumination. Ar
Cont. Human Knolwedge and Will (Pg 508-518)
Cont. Existence of Godthe Five Ways (Pg. 466-508)
Contingent & Ignorance
Question 82: Will
Start with end/goal (a premise/a principle) what is the means to achieve it?
(Deliberation) Conclusion is
Siger of Brabant
Some aspects of intellectual understanding that is united to matter and
some that isnt
Aquinas: intellective soul gives being to the body- but its power is separate
Aquinas substantial/in being