Consciousness: A multi-level process
Neuroanatomical: Major brain structures and
Physiological: Major contributions of
physiological systems; e.g., autonomic
nervous system, hormones, etc.
early 1900s a resistance to the dominant
paradigms in psychology of the day: introspection
& Freudian psychoanalysis
Psychologists started to try to make psychology
more scientific, experimental. They began to
focus only on observable aspects o
Step 1: Reality
Step 2: Sensory
Step 4: Thalamus
Processing of visual information occurs in a
series of steps, from initial co
1) Reality is a story, told to us by our brains.
Our brains are artists, not mirrors
Our experiences do not reflect reality itself, but
rather a construction, or representation of
1) This construction process involves a lot of
Chapter 4 the mind and consciousness.
How is the Conscious Mind Experienced?
Psychological scientists study two components of consciousness: the contents of
consciousness (the things that we are conscious of) and the level of consciousness
(such as coma,
Synesthesia: cross sense experience.
Polygenic Effects: range of variability for a certain characteristic, such as height
or intelligence. It is influenced by many genes.
Behavioural genetics: the study of how genes a
Psychological science is the study of mind, brain, and behaviour. Mind refers to
mental activity; mental activity results from biological processesthe actions of
nerve cells, or neurons, and their associated chemical reactionswi