Chapter 8: Race and Ethnicity
Number and share of visible minority persons in Canada, 1981 to 2011
Increase is fairly linear
Visible Minority: Persons, other than Aboriginal people, who are non-Caucasian in race or non
white in c
UNIVERITY OF ALBERTA
SOC 100 B2
Dr. S. Speake
HM Tory 4-7
Monday 1130 to 1230 hrs.
MWF 1300 to 1350 hrs.
SOC 100 Midterm 2
Chapter 3 Culture / Chapter 4 Socialization
LO1: Define culture and distinguish between material and nonmaterial forms
Culture is the sum total of the social environment in which we are raised and continue to be
socialized in through
SOC 100 Midterm 1
Chapter 1 Looking and Acting through the Lens of Sociology
LO1: Describe the bidirectional nature of the relationship between individual choices and larger social
Things are not what they seem
Norms: Societys expectations for ho
Video : wards of the crown
Leah: ran away from home.
Reuinited with her mom.
Chante: mom was too sick to take care of them
Never got any moral support.
Andrew: moved 8 times. Keeps getting shuttled around.
Hes happy that he is out of group homes because h
Poor No more
Why we have this problem with poverty
What it means for people
Last 30 years, all the things people have fought for has been undone.
20% of Canadians earn less than $10 an hour
food banks were supposed to be temp.
LCBO use standard corperate
People mark their body to tell others who they are and to announce their
tribe, status or what group they belong to
Establish culture from modifying body
o Bonds of brass. mark of their culture
o Close to berma a refugee camp. Stretched necks an
Drug War Odyssey
Putting one drug dealer in jail and only making another one rise up (never ending tredmill)
People dont stop and reflect the most fundamental question: Should we be doing this? Should
there really be a war on drugs?
Drug war is an interna
Anatomy of prejudice
Based on a seminar by a women named jane Elliot.
Conducted them as a 3rd grade in 1968.
Us was a segregated society
Developed an exercise based on assassination of martin luther king
Those are blue eyed dominant and recasts them as in
Illicit:the dark trade
Fundamentals: supply and demand and buyers looking for a deal and sellers looking for a profit
Up to 10% of worlds trade is illicit. It is a dark global phenomenon.
o Undercover officer goes with hidden cameras to shut down fa
Divide of the genders
They believed the drink marketed towards their gender tasted better, even
though they were the same
o Rocket vs princess
Children said they liked their moms the most and dads didnt really do much
o Balance of power is probably betwe
Chapter 11: Health and Illness
Patterns of Health and Illness
morbidity the prevalence and patterns of disease in a population
whos more venerable in developing heart disease, who is more prevalent of getting
HIV, how does getting cancer reflect on the
Declining by Degrees
Going to college is a right of passage; key to the american dream.
o Now it is market driven and commercialized by powerful forces.
o Way of making it up and a way that you are stamped by society for future success
Chapter 10: The World of Deviance and Crime
objective approaches (not very helpful):
statistical rarity (hard to define what is rare)
Being left-handed is rare, but that isnt something that is deviant.
Some things are common and devi
Chapter 14: Globalization
refers to a set of [uneven] social processes that appear to transform our present social condition of
weakening nationality into one of globality
we use the term globality to describe where we are in those process
Chapter 7: Who We Are and Who Others Say We Are: Gender and Sexuality
Sex vs. Gender
sex is biologically based (male or female based on genetics which determine ones anatomy)
example of a dualism one or the other. Sometimes there are intersexed individua
Chapter 6 Social Inequality in Canadian Society
Equality of Opportunity
the belief that everyone has a shot at the good life
meritocracy a condition of advancement based on worth (success is based on work)
social mobility movement within and between so
Chapter 5: Culture and Social Structure
the sum total of the social environment in which we are raised and continue to be
socialized in throughout our lives
a system created by groups/societies to define who they are; a human societys
Soc 100: Introductory
1. What is sociology?
What do sociologists look at? What is
society, and how can we describe it?
How do sociologists examine society?
What sort of features or data can they
look at t
Chapter 5 Social Roles, Interaction, and Organization
The way society is organized into different parts
Elements of Social Structure
W.I. Thomas (1966) - Symbolic interactionis
Chapter 6: Deviance
Graffiti: deviant behaviour or art?
What is Deviance?
Deviance: behaviour that strays from the norm
A category that changes with time, place, and culture
Is joy-riding deviant?
Depends on how you frame it
o Usually by p
Chapter 4: Socialization
Question: how did you become the individual you are today? When we were born, was our life
already planned for us or are we products
How can a two-year-old rap? Perhaps through socialization
Socialization: a learning process that
2. Theoretical Perspectives I: Critical
Based on induction,
observation or measurement
of the world.
Focused on abstraction,
identifying basic principles,
Natural sciences are
empirical, relying o
17. The Mass Media
Politics, Education, and the Criminal Justice
System are all centrally-directed attempts to
shape society as a whole:
Politics is one way to coordinate society: for
Struc Functionalists itensure social solidarity;
17. Media (II): Cultural Studies & the
Mass media = modern technology enabling mass
communication and broadcast of messages
across wide areas.
Power of media allows certain people to
dominate conversation by deciding what gets in
8. Identity & Social Structure (2):
In social interactions, we perform a variety of
roles, and present ourselves publicly through
We might be friend, student, patient etc.
Sociologists examine the way individuals relate
14. Deviance & Crime
Weve examined the way Politics serves the
broader functions of society as a whole.
Sociologists believe we cant consider the
State in isolation, but must see how its
institutions are entangled in society.
It may be seen as a
7. Identity & Social Structure (1): Role
Culture describes broad, society-wide social
In one sense, the beliefs, values, practices and
rituals common to an entire society.
Alternatively, art or entertainment products
16. Social Programs:
Broad social institutions such as politics or police
help structure society as a whole:
Politics sets up goals for all of society, and
helps coordinate all part of structure.
Deviancy, Crime & Punishment try to kee
Chapter 7 (Feb 12) video notes
Over 66,000 in the child welfare system
Impact of institutional upbringing- young people were told that theyd be
take somewhere safer when they were brought in.
Wards of the Crown, Leah-she ran away from streets, drugs, grou
Chapter 9 (Mar 5) video notes
Carl Seguin- how we frame our explanations about the world to aliens
We are all bound together, a unified system
The game which causes division seems to be further destabilizing societydecreasing health
Chapter 6 (Feb 7) video notes
Hamster wheel that the law enforcement are on (one drug dealer being
replaced by another)
There is no time for people engaging in such activities to think and reflect of
what they are doing.
Drug enforcement officials strateg
Chapter 6 (Feb 3) notes
Slide 2 Breaking societys rules, expectations can be within a sub culture or global
Behaviour is labeled as deviant, actions, different religious belief (radical
Example, people who
Chapter 9 (Mar 3) notes
Power is a big part of how individuals function, how business function
Force- uses physical force but it does not require it, can also include pressure.
Ex. Older brother stealing money from parents, telling you to be qui