8 year sentence for abusing and bad background
Chapter 1: Studying Criminal Justice
Components of the Justice System:
Police: responsible for enforcing
Courts: responsible for sentencing
Community: playing a mo
Deviant Career A repeated act of defiance, resulting in a social labeling as opposed to the quality of
Primary Deviation Commits deviant acts, but does not adopt self-identity as a deviant
Secondary Deviation Commits deviant acts, but does accept
IV. FORWARD AND FUTURES
1) Forward Contracts
Definition 1.1.[Forward Contract] A forward
contract is an agreement to buy or sell an asset on a fixed date in the future for a price
specified in advance.
The delivery time is the fixed date in th
III. PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT
1. Model Specications: Risk and Return
Consider a nancial market with
a) Two trading dates: t = 0 and t = T .
b) A nite sample space with K < elements:
= cfw_1, 2, , K .
c) A -eld of even
2. Theoretical Perspectives: Critical Theory
Powerpoint: a social
Instead of handouts, I will put Powerpoint slides on the
course eClass website after class provided we have at
least 80% attendance.
If attendance falls below 80% for two conse
Soc 100, Introduction to Sociology Lecture 2: Critical Theory
1. Why Theory?
a. Difficulty of identifying object of study: how do we decide how to
divide society up into parts we can examine?
b. Theoretical starting points lead to different account of soc
15. Sociology of Religion
Sociologists interpret shared institutions and arrangements
by the way they connect to the rest of society.
Political scientists may interpret political institutions on
their own terms, by the way they work, whilst polit
17. Media (1): The Media
Religion, Politics, & Education are all centrally-directed
attempts to shape society as a whole:
Religion & Politics present alternative ways to
coordinate society: for Struc Functionalists they
ensure social sol
5. Culture (1): Values, beliefs, and
Items from the south Pacific
Three theoretical perspectives for investigating society:
Symbolic Interactionism: what meanings or values do
people attribute to their actions? What are thei
16. Social Programs:
Broad social institutions such as politics or religion
help structure society as a whole:
Politics sets up goals for all of society, and helps
coordinate all part of structure.
6. Culture (II): Culture &
Culture is a combination of beliefs or values and
practice, habits, or rituals that follow from
We understand a society if we understand the
18. Media (II): Cultural Studies & the
Mass media = modern technology enabling mass
communication and broadcast of messages across wide
Power of media allows certain people to dominate
conversation by deciding what gets in the news,
25. Race, Ethnicity, & Nation (1):
Weve looked at the way society is divided into different,
often-conflicting groups, and explored two dimensions of
Class refers to systematic set of structurally-defined
26 (and final). Race, Ethnicity & Nation (II):
Socially-defined categories of race & ethnicity highlight
specific inequalities and forms of discrimination:
Race as biological fact shown to be non-existent
and analytically useless but
Identity & Social Structure (2):
In social interactions, we perform a variety of roles,
and present ourselves publicly through these images:
We might be friend, student, patient etc.
Sociologists examine the way individuals relate to
Modern Family trailer:
11. Socialisation III:
Socialisation explains development of baby to reasoning,
mature, moral adult.
Freud, Mead, Piaget et al describe emergence of
conscience, cognitive d
First theoretical model: critical theory, with a focus
Critical theorists ask which group benefits most from
current social arrangements, and who is exploited.
They examine the means of control, asking how dominant
groups sustain th
4. mile Durkheim & Structural
Critical theories usually take a macrosociological
approach: they treat society as a set of competing or
conflicting groups, and ask how one group dominates or
exploits the others.
Doesnt adequately exp
7. Identity & Social Structure (1): Role
The Panopticon: Illinois
In one sense, the beliefs, values, practices
1.) Disney movies present women as hot, and ingrains it in little girls body
2.) Can lead to eating disorders, depression, anxiety.
1.) Body proportions are impossible, the ken doll is more attainable.
2.) It is true that some gir
Immigrants to America had to deal with non-existant state
Residents of the south have no official protection for themselves or property
Supported themselves through herding animals and farming.
Created circumstances for a lot
Graft: This practice includes the intentional violation of organizational norms (i.e.,
rules and regulations) by public employees for personal material gain (corruption).
Includes: theft smuggling contraband etc.
Police deviance: behave in
1.) Concern about muscle dysmorphia: obsessive preoccupation with having a
2.) Reverse anorexia, bigrexia
1.) argues that we get used to viewing ourselves from the outside what we
perceive to be other peoples ide
Gender and sexuality
Sex is a status gender is a role
Sex is a performance, perform masculinity to femininity
Gender ambiguity: all societies have a problem with this.
SNL Pat character had an indistinguishable gender androgynous.
CRIME IS BEHAVIOR THAT VIOLATES THE OFFICIAL LAW.
What constitutes crime, are all crimes bad/ ambiguity of whether all crime deserves
How many crimes do we have now that will be looked at as horrible in the future.
Not all crimes are weighted
Key to sociology: being in a group changes behavior, the group is
more than the sum of its parts.
Dictionary: the systematic study of society.
a. Tells almost nothing,
Wants you to think about social structures, lac
1.) used to be a term, not anymore. Used to categorize all types of behaviors that
result in youths getting in trouble.
2.) Family Law (en loco patentis) in place of a parent
3.) Looked at examples of anti social behavior, underage smoking, al
All societies practise social control, the regulation and enforcement of norms. It is
organized and designed to change peoples behavior. All examples of social control.
In addition to police (or more broadly legal) control and the types of