the Greeks. There has been an effort to understand human actions.
Sociology is a science that addresses these ancient concerns of
how to explain human relationships in a scientific way.
Thinking and theorizing emerge within a social framework
and at a g
Ideology, Sociology of
internal congurations; and other ideological clusters,
such as the New Right, may exhibit eeting or hybrid
structures, or be less comprehensively systemic, as in
nationalism. Political ideologies possess loose family
The Enlightenment was an intellectual movement that originated in the 17th and 18th centuries in
Europe and America giving birth to the vision of an age of reason not only for Western
civilization, but for humanity as a whole. It thus w
Herbert Spencer and the "Social Organism"
Author(s): Walter M. Simon
Source: Journal of the History of Ideas, Vol. 21, No. 2 (Apr. - Jun., 1960), pp. 294-299
Published by: University of Pennsylvania Press
Stable URL: http:/www.jstor.org/stable/2708202
Revised Entry for The New Palgrave, 2nd ed.
POSITIVISM AND THE PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE.
The term positivism was coined in the second quarter of the 19th century by one
of the founders of sociology, Auguste Comte. Comte believed that human reasoni
The Basic Concepts of Sociology
Author(s): N. S. Timasheff
Source: American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 58, No. 2 (Sep., 1952), pp. 176-186
Published by: The University of Chicago Press
Stable URL: http:/www.jstor.org/stable/2772189 .
HS 310 Concepts &
Ideologies in Social Life
Wrote the six volumes of the Course of
Positive Philosophy (1830, 1835, 1838,
1839, 1841, 1842).
1838: Began practicing cerebral hygiene
Wrote the System of Positive Polity (18511854).
Created a religious cul
Claude Henri de Rouvroy, comte de SaintSimon
Impoverished old aristocratic family
French social philosopher
American Revolution (Soldier)
French Revolution (former noblemen should
The Sociology of
s we outlined in Chapter 1, it is perhaps embarrassing to
sociology that its founder was, by the end of his life, a rather
pathetic man, calling himself the High Priest of Humanity
and preaching to a ragtag group
Modernity & the Enlightenment
Large industrial enterprise
Socio-political system in Europe 18th Century
Old Regime socio-political system
Age of Reason
Enlightenment: a period during the 1600s and
1700s in which educated Europeans changed
their outlook on life by seeing reason as the key
to human progress.
Age of Reason: another name for the
CONCEPTS AND IDEOLOGIES IN
an idea of what something is or how it works
Something thought of or conceived in the
mind: thought, notion [a general idea]
an abstract or generic idea generalized from