HSF Anatomy Review Sesh 2014
MST2 proper, detailed marks will be on LMS on Monday and Paper 2 is 120 marks of EMQs
Paper 1 Deets:
- NOTE: These 25
Section A MCQs
are purely from
1U ESTION 1 2 Pants Save Answer
In excitable cells, such as neurons, K+ is held at a much higher concentration inside the cell
than outside.?What holds potassium at this concentration?
There is no membrane permeability for K+
A negative charge inside the
2 out of 2 points
In excitable cells, such as neurons, K+ is held at a much higher concentration
inside the cell than outside.?What holds potassium at this concentration?
There is no membrane permeability for K
1.5 out of 2 points
Which of the following statements are true with regards to the differences between a
neuromuscular junction, and a standard central nervous system (CNS) synapse? Select all
The structure of the neuromuscul
Dermatome: Area of skin innervated by a signal spinal cord segment
Myotome: muscles innervated by particular spinal nerve roots
Synovial cavity: an intracapsular cavity containing synovial fluid
Synovial joint: joins bones with a fibrous joint capsule tha
Pharmacokinetics what the body does to drugs
Distribution system = circulation
Once in the body it is processed and then eliminated by the body
Organs of elimination = kidneys and liver
Some are eliminated in the active form and o
Somite: bilaterally paired blocks of paraxial mesoderm that form along the head to tail axis of the
developing embryo in segmented animals
Broad ligament: a peritoneal fold that attaches the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries to the pelvis
Kidney and Urinary system
Adrenal glands lie on top medial aspect of kidneys
Part of the endocrine system
At back of posterior abdominal wall
About 10cm long, 5cmwide and 2.5cm thick
Position is not fixed however
Superiorly the kidney i
What is the formula for BP
Co = input into blood system
Bp= how much blood is in vessel
Determined by arterioles
Build up of plaque can cause atherosclerosis
Hypertension is determined by arterioles [hypertension leads to athersclerosis]
What defines th
Lecture 12 (Muscular Systems &
This lecture introduced the major types of muscle and then examined, in
minute detail, skeletal muscle.
Types of Muscle
There are three major types of muscle. These are the cardiac, skeletal and smooth
Drug Classification and Function
treatment for high
blood pressure and
may be used in
certain cases to
remove the body of
excess fluid such as
in heart failure
Aspirin - Cyclooxygenase
Lecture 42 (Control Systems 3:
This lecture introduces the levels of control of the digestive system, with
particular focus on the relationship between the enteric nervous system and
other structures and systems.
Lecture 43 (Nutrient Absorption)
This lecture deals with the mechanisms used by the body to absorb
In order to absorb molecules, it is necessary to break them down into smaller
units so that they may pass over m
Lecture 50 (Upper Respiratory Tract)
This lecture deals with the anatomy of the upper respiratory tract, paying
particular attention to the oral and nasal cavities, the larynx and the pharynx.
The lecture also introduces some of the mechanics b
Lecture 38 (Adverse Drug Effects)
This lecture furthers our understanding of the way that drugs can kill people and
takes a look at the ABCD classification of adverse drug effects.
As we have previously seen, all drugs have more
Lecture 37 (Drug Discovery &
This lecture gives an introduction to the principles behind the discovery and
subsequent development of drugs.
Sadly, drug development is not just a scientific process. It is one that i
Lecture 51 (Lower Respiratory Tract)
This lecture gives an introduction to the thoracic cavity, with particular focus on
the pleura and the lungs.
The thoracic cavity can be divided into three different parts. These are the left
Lecture 26 (Lower Limb 2Muscles &
With the previous lecture in mind, this lecture examines how the muscles of the
lower limb facilitate movement in the lower limb.
Lower Limb Movements
Most of the joints of the lower limb are capable
Lecture 23 (Upper Limb 2Muscles &
This lecture examines the relationship between the muscles, fascia and
movements of the upper limb.
The most impressive quality of the upper limb is its ability to navigate a range of
Lecture 39 (Principles of Viscera)
This lecture seeks to establish some of the basic features of viscera including
their relationship with serous membrane.
Viscera are essentially organs, particularly those ones that exist in the m
Lecture 22 (Upper Limb 1Bones and
This lecture gives an overview of the bones and joints of the upper limb, and
every single mundane detail about them.
Upper Limb Overview
For the most part, the basic structure of the upper limbs is the
Steps to Turn Off the Nagging Self-Doubt in Your Head
Most of us lose time to negative thoughts; reframe your thinking
and feel more positive
The more someone has a thought, the stronger the circuit of patterns of activity between proteins and oth
Q14 HST-1 201 5. if implanted electrodes were used to stimulate action potentials in gamma motor neurons to
flexor muscles of the left ann.whicl1 would be the most likely result?
inhibition ofthe exor muscles ofthe left arm
a decrease in action potentials
Q1 2 MST-1 201 5. 'which ion channel state correctly describes the phase ofthe action potential it is associated with?
k Voltage-gated Na+ channels are lnactlvaled in a resting neuronal membrane
Open voltage-gated K+ channels cause the depolarizing upstro