Assessment One: Short Critical Assessment of an Article
In No, you're not entitled to your opinion, Patrick Stokes puts forward the central thesis
that You are not entitled to your opinion. You are only entitled to what you can argue for.
In Stokes view,
Matters of Reason
the soul, the mind & the nature of human nature
the emotions, the will and reason
faith/religion / belief
science & experiment
science and/or religion
rationalism v. empiricism; absolutism v. relativism
who possessed reason and wh
Context: The Republic
In The Republic, Socrates argues for the value of being a just person
(having a just soul).
Since souls are hard to examine directly, Socrates makes his argument
by considering a similar but larger entity: a just city-state.
Different senses of reason
We talk of reason and rationality in
many different ways.
Be rational! = Get perspective!
The Vulcans are rational. = The Vulcans are smart but not
Thats reasonable = I can see why someone might thin
Argument 2: The Set-Up
Consider the following lines:
Are they perfectly equal?
No, not perfectly.
Zooming in enough, you know youd find a difference.
Argument 2: The Proof
1. There was nothing special about those lines.
2. You know that no lines or sh
Plato is the most important rationalist
in the history of western philosophy.
Rationalism: A school of thought which emphasizes the
distinctness and value of reason especially when contrasted
The contrast between rationalism
THE RECOLLECTION VIEW:
All inquiry and all learning is but recollection.
Connection to reason:
Recollection is the basis of the mental capacity that:
(i) reliably leads to true judgments,
(ii) is distinct from normal sensory experience,
(iii) forms part
These are all types of perfection. i.e. goodness.
Reason is just our insight into perfections.
The idea of good as the universal author of all things beautiful and
right, parent of light and of the lord of light in this visible world.
Recall how every
A Measured Revolution
Fte de la Raison
Festival 20 Brumaire Year II (10 November 1793)Extraordinary attempt to
dechristianize, taken into the churc
A Reasonable Punishment?
Joseph-Ignace Guillotin proposes a humane & rational method of
which rapidly comes to symbolise the horror of the Revolution
Jean Calas, d. 1762
a protestant whose son wanted to convert to catholocis
The Parable of the Cave
In the dialogue, Socrates emphasizes that the Parable is merely an
But it is meant as an answer to our second and third questions:
1. What role does reason play in our minds/souls?
2. What is this other world we have ins
Inner conflicts in our souls
The next part of the argument finds examples of inner conflicts in our
Wanting to drink, but knowing you shouldnt.
Wanting to look at a decaying body, but getting angry at yourself
Someone youve harmed get