Everyday Memory and Memory Errors
What is Everyday Memory?
Everyday memory isnt really different than
the memory processes weve learned about
But weve learned about them in mostly isolated fashion
We talked about how working memory sen
Short-Term and Working Memory
Modal Model of Memory
Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968)
Computer as a model for human cognition
Memory is an integrated system that
Acquire, store, and retrieve information
Components of memory
Serial position curve (Murdoch, 1962). Notice that memory is
better for words presented at the beginning of the list (primacy
effect) and at the end (recency effect).
Why does this occur?
Hint: Think about the topic of last weeks class.
Where were you on your 9th birthday?
Where were you on your 16th birthday?
Where were you on your last birthday?
Introduction to Cognitive Psychology
Implicit versus Explicit Processes
Each of these cognitive processes can include either Implici
Learning and Knowledge
The Relationship between Learning and Memory
Learning and memory are really opposite sides of the
Forming a new memory means weve learned
something new; learning something new entails
forming a new memory trace
Chapter 2 Introduction to Cognitive Neuroscience
Does Cognitive Neuroscience trump Cognitive Psychology? Why? Why not?
The major parts of the neuron. Remember not only their names, but also what direction the
information flows, and the
Chapter 1 Introduction to Cognitive Psychology
Implicit Processes: Cognitive processes that occur automatically. By automatically, we mean that they
require no cognitive resources to occur. Explicit Processes: Cognitive processes that o
Chapter 4 - Attention
In class we went over [again] the concepts of bottom-up and top-down processes. This time we talked about them in
terms of attentional processes, rather than perceptual processes. But since weve talked about it twi
Chapter 3 Perception
Sensation: The physiological reaction that occurs when raw stimulus energy is sensed by the body.
Perception: The conscious experiencing of the sensed energy.
A lot more happens between sensation and perception than
Faculty of Social Science & Humanities
Introduction to Cognitive Psychology PSYC2060U
Course Outline for Fall 2014/15
Course Time: Tuesdays: 11:10-2:00
Course Location: Regent Theatre
Professor: Dr. Matthew S. Shane
Office: DTS-620, 6th Flr, 2 Simcoe St W