Lecture 1. Temperature, Ideal Gas (Ch. 1 )
Outline:
1.
Intro, the structure of the course
2.
Temperature
3.
The Ideal Gas Model
4.
Equipartition Theorem
Thermal Physics
- conceptually, the most difficult subject of the undergraduate physics
program.
In th
CHAPTER 5 - SYMMETRY AND VIBRATIONAL SPECTROSCOPY 5.1 Potential Energy Diagrams The energy of a molecule can be approximated as E = Erot + Evib + Eelec + Etran + Espin + Enucl. If we make the approximation that the wavefunction is separable, then the prob
8.044 Lecture Notes
Chapter 8: Chemical Potential
Lecturer: McGreevy
Reading: Baierlein, Chapter 7.
So far, the number of particles N has always been xed. We suppose now that it can vary,
and we want to learn how to determine its value in equilibrium.
The
The experimental value of cv for diamond is 2.68 10^3 is 1860 K. Calculate c_v
using the Einstein and Debye models and compare the results with the experimental
value.
207 K is very low temperature compared to both Einstein and Debye characteristic
temper
PHYS393 Statistical Physics
Part 1: Principles of Statistical Mechanics and
the Boltzmann Distribution
Introduction
The course is comprised of six parts:
1. Principles of statistical mechanics, and the Boltzmann
distribution.
2. Two examples of the Boltzm
PHYS393 Statistical Physics
Part 2: Two Examples of the Boltzmann
Distribution
The Boltzmann distribution
In the previous part of this course, we derived the Boltzmann
distribution:
N j
(1)
e kT ,
nj =
Z
where nj is the number of particles in the energy s
PHYS393 Statistical Physics
Part 3: The Maxwell-Boltzmann Gas
The Boltzmann distribution
In the previous parts of this course, we derived the Boltzmann
distribution:
N j
nj =
e kT ,
(1)
Z
We applied this distribution to two example systems: a spin- 1
2
ma
PHYS 340 THERMAL PHYSICS WQ 2011
Homework #7
1 Distinguishable Particles (4 points)
Consider a system consisting of two distinguishable particles which are to be
distributed among non-degenerate energy levels 0, e and 28 such that the total energy
is U=28
p-n junctions
Intuitive description.
What are p-n junctions?
p-n junctions are formed by starting with a Si wafer (or substrate) of a given type (say: B-doped p-type,
to x the ideas) and diusing or implanting impurities of opposite type (say: n-type, as
PHYS393 Statistical Physics
Part 5: The Bose-Einstein Distribution
Distinguishable and indistinguishable particles
In the previous parts of this course, we derived the Boltzmann
distribution, which described how the number of distinguishable
particles in
Statistical and Low Temperature Physics (PHYS393)
4. Phonons and Photons
Kai Hock
2013 - 2014
University of Liverpool
Phonons
1
Specic heat capacities of solids
In 1912, Peter Debye, a Dutch physicist working in Germany,
produced a theory which predicts t
8.2
Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution.
To describe the behavior of a classical gas we can use the following assumptions:
the particles are distinguishable1 (i.e. these are classical particles)
the probability of the occupation of every energy level Ei is e
SSCI 1470U (SECTION 002) Impacts of Science and Technology on Society
University of Ontario Institute of Technology
Winter Term/2017
Distance Education/Online Course
Instructor: Dr. Andrew Muncaster
Meeting Location: Web
Contact informationEmail: Andrew.M
I think there are ways to find truth beyond science. First of all, I would disagree with Peter Atkins and
many others who see science and religion as incompatible. Of course, science has helped us grow and
become more capable than previous generations, bu
Experiment 1 - Laboratory Safety and Orientation
Date: Wednesday, January 19, 2017
Submitted: Wednesday, February 1, 2017
Time: 11:10am-1:00pm
Results and Questions
Part I - Safety Orientation
On a separate piece of paper answer, the questions posed in th
Analytical Report (Title)
Table of contents
Executive Summary
Problem statement: Currently, the method of extracting the oil using Clark hot water (79-93 degrees
Celsius) and caustic soda to separate bitumen from other materials results in Oil Sands Proce
Analytical Report (Title)
Table of contents
Introduction:
The Alberta oils sands on average, make about just over 1 million barrels of processed oil a day. This
means that there are vast amounts of OSPW being produced. This water cannot be discharged due
Analytical Report (Title)
Table of contents
Introduction:
The Alberta oils sands on average, make about just over 1 million barrels of processed oil a day. This
means that there are vast amounts of OSPW being produced. This water cannot be discharged due
Analytical Report (Title)
Table of contents
Introduction:
The Alberta oils sands on average, make about just over 1 million barrels of processed oil a day. This
means that there are vast amounts of OSPW being produced. This water cannot be discharged due
]
for Experiment and Interference
Percent difference =
a given a calc
a given
= 4.52%
Number of interference maxima in the central envelope 5
Width of the central maximum in the interference pattern 0.28cm
Four Slits
a = 0.04 mm (given), d = 0.125 mm (giv
8.4
Fermi-Dirac distribution.
Because of the exclusion principle if the degeneracy of the i-th energy level Ei is gi , then
only ni < gi fermions can occupy it. The number of microstates for distinguishable ni
particles on this level would be therefore
di
8.5
Bose-Einstein distribution.
Bosons may be elementary particles like photons11 or composite particles, e.g 4 He atoms.
For bosons the exclusion principle does not hold. Common feature is that the spin of
bosons is integer.
At 0 K all of them are in the
Statistical and Low Temperature Physics
(PHYS393)
2. Distinguishable particles
Dr Kai Hock
University of Liverpool
Contents
2.1 Microstates and Macrostates
2.2 Lagrange Multipliers
2.3 Boltzmann Postulate
2.4 Exercises
PHYS393/Hock
1
2009-2010
Aim
To use
MATH1020: Assignment Worksheet #7
What were working on today: Polar Curves and Multivariate Functions/Partial Derivatives
Activity 1 (~20-30 min): When recording live performances, sound engineers often use a
microphone with a cardioid pickup pattern beca