PROBLEM SET #1- GEOMAGNETISM
Part A: Some planets have magnetic fields, some don't. What characteristics are required in order for a
planet to have a Dipole Magnetic Field? We have already looked at the magnetic field's of Earth and
Mars in some detail th
Southern Canadian Rocky Mountains
Calgary Golden Transect
Architecture 3-D geometry
Images and slides from Rob Taerum
Canadian Rocky Mountains (CRM)
Eastern margin of the
Chain of mountain
GLGY 301 Lec 9
Glaciation and Erosion in the Cordillera
Glacial: an interval of time (thousands of years) within an ice age
that is marked by colder temperatures and glacier advances.
-volume of ice is increasing
Since the start of the Pleisto
GLGY 301 Lec 15
Earthquakes in the Cordillera
Test Your Knowledge of Current
When and where was the most recent
earthquake in the Cordillera?
Thermal Springs in Canada
Geological Survey of Canada
Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, as represented by the Minister of Natural Resources, 2016
Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, as represented by the Minister of Natu
The role of late normal faults in the evolution of the
Omineca Belt, SE British Columbia
Jurassic Cretaceous (~1
Geophysics of the
Department of Geoscience
What is geophysics?
Plate tectonic setting
Seismic reflection studies
What is Geophysics?
GLGY 301 Lecture 3:
1) Following the ri/ing of the supercon5nent Rodinia at 750Ma, what
type of environment was found along the coastline?
-Bahamas type environment
-Gentle continental shelf
-No subduction zones
-No volcanic i
Current Research in Mountain Hydrogeology
Lake OHara Groundwater Study
Department of Geoscience
Mountains as Water Tower
Lec 19 Dr. Pattison/Hayashi Metamorphic/hydrogeology
Where does Dr. Pattison conduct his research (which belt)?
When did a period of extension start in the Cordillera? How do we know this?
50 million years ago
Eocene Epock (~5
GLGY 301 Lecture 6
To understand and be able to describe the
geologic history of the rocks found in the
Omineca and Intermontane belts
To be able to compare and contrast the rocks of
the Omineca and Int
~ 750 Ma - 390 Ma
North American Crust
What would this look like?
~390 - 200 Ma
Volcanic islands forming
North American Craton
~390 - 200 Ma
Lec 19 dr. Pattison/HayashiMetamorphic/hydrogeology
1. Where does Pattison conduct his research (which belt)?
-Omineca belt, work hes talking about
2. When did a period of extension start in the Cordillera? How do we know this?
-Eocene, 50 mya
-Age of fau
Madsen J et al. Geosphere 2006;2:11-34
chemistry of magma dictates type of lava we see
Effusive lava flows
not that dangerous
Geology of the Mountainous
Regions of Western Canada
MIDTERM II ANSWERS
Thursday March 16, 2017
1. Cheating is a serious offense.
2. Choose the BEST answer for multiple choice.
3. This exam is worth 30% of
Principles of Stratigraphy and Geological Time
What are strata?
The, what is stratigraphy?
For what two major reasons is this
What proof is there of this practice of
stratigraphy in ancient days?
Study of these
What is the general composition of the
major lithospheric plates?
What major lithospheric plate does not
touch a continent?
How are smaller plates formed?
How old is the knowledge of lithospheric
Sedimentary rocks accumulate
Where are the vast majority of
sedimentary rocks formed?
at the Earths surface from particles of the pre-existing
weathered and eroded rocks.
through precipitation from solu
Fossils and Fossilization
Fossils represent vestiges of ancient
life forms. Explain this statement
What is the fossil record?
How old are the most ancient fossils
What time frame is needed to
separate the true fossils (wh
How are metamorphic rocks formed?
What is a protolith?
What is a key difference between
metamorphic rocks and igneous rocks?
This change can be either _ or _,
Thus, which characteristics of a
Who is one of the first observers of such
What is the principal he is famous for? (As
outlined by the textbook). And what does it
How did he explain the existence of til
Fossil Record and Evolution
Emergence of Life on Earth
As the layers get progressively older,
what happens to the complexity of
From where, is it speculated, do these
single celled organisms come from?
Even when samples fr
When we represent data as discrete samples in the time-domain, there is a represen- tation
known as the Z-transform, which allows digital interactions to be represented as the
multiplication and division of signals and filters as polynomials.
is defined as follows:
The mineralogical and structural adjustment of solid rocks to
physical and chemical conditions that have been imposed at
depths below the near surface zones of weathering and
diagenesis and which differ from conditions
RESERVOIR PROPERTIES (PART2)
Lithification of unconsolidated soft sediment at the surface occurs when the sediment is buried
Compacted, cemented and consolidated into a hard (indurated) rock
Results in loss of porosity
Module 9 Reservoir geology part1
enumerate data available at different stages of exploration
Evaluate cause of porosity loss
Identify cement types and their occurrence
Evaluate overpressure in reservoir
Identify clay types
Precambrian supercontinent RODINIA, 1.3 to 1.0bya
Pre Cambrian (2.5 bya 545 mya) sedimentation
In western united states and Canada Precambrian sedimentary rocks are well-exposed
Mostly sandstone, dol
Geothermal gradient under normal conditions temp increase 25C for each kilometer of the
depth from the surface of the earth, peak oil generation would occur at a depth of around 4km
Radioactive heat production
The bulk elastic properties of a material determine how much it
will compress under a given amount of external pressure. The Bulk
Modulus Elasticity is a material property characterizing the
compressibility of a fluid - how easy a unit volume of a fluid c
Geoid, model of the figure of Earthi.e., of the planets size and
shapethat coincides with mean sea level over the oceans and
continues in continental areas as an imaginary sea-level surface
defined by spirit level. It serves as a reference surface f