1. Find the (end-of-period) annual equal payment series (over the same study period) that is
equivalent to the cashflow shown in the diagram below. Use i = 10% p.a.
g= 4% p.a.
Profitability, Breakeven Volume and
Return on investment
Service & Capacity
Safety, Security, and Risk
Aspects of Infrastructure Pe
Infrastructure systems & urban
Development trends & infrastructure needs
What is it?
How is infrastructure procured?
Role of civil engineers
MultiMulti-criteria decision making
Multi-criteria Decision Making
Major projects have multiple objectives
Money is a convenient way of measuring project
but not every objective can be measured in monetary terms
Competing designs wil
Engineering economic evaluation
Engineering economy project evaluation
Time value of money and interest rate
Concept of equivalence
Choice of discount rate
Bases for comparison of alternatives
Methodology for public sector projects