Lecture 4 - Pandemic Flu
Friday, 26 August 2016
Human + Bird Flu
Made us more aware of infectious diseases.
Many of pandemic outbreak of infectious diseases (e.g. Black Death, Bird Flu, SARS) originated from
Asia (East), they killed more people in
Lecture 7 - Mad Cow Disease
14 September 2016
Bovine = Cow, Spongiform = Looks like sponge, Encephalo-pathy = Brain Disease
Holes in the brain (?)
Involves nerve cells. They die.
How did it come about? Fed cows meat. (Suspected)
Milk protein is no
12 October 2016
Tumor matrix can block both forms of spread
Viruses are passive particles, rely on radical cell-to-cell spread or soluble diffusion across conc
gradients to reach target cells and propagate
Lecture 5 - Infectious Diseases & Antibiotics
Wednesday, 7 September 2016
We live too long?
25 optimal life expectancy.
Almost every 10 yrs life expectancy increase by 2 yrs according to slide 3
Thailand average life expectancy about 60-65 yrs.
Lecture 6 - AIDS
09 September 2016
Hormonal level of Mother will affect sexual development of offspring
Usually during pregnancy, hormonal levels in mothers will drop.
Does it apply to homosexuality?
"Female" = equal index & ring finger length
Lecture 8 - Gut Microbes
16 September 2016
Microbes in our gut weigh about 1 - 2 kg
Body cells much larger than microbe cells. Despite there being more microbe cells that body cells.
Colonisation Resistance - streptococcus virus
A lot of viruses are
Lecture 1 - Introduction
Wednesday, 10 August 2016
Why do we like salt so much?
When the first cell formed on earth it was formed in the sea (?)
Salt in sea back then is the same as the amt of salt in our body (?)
Why do we like bitterness?
Lecture 2 - Pneumonia
Wednesday, 10 August 2016
Trace Genetic Lineage
Father's side = Y chromosome/gene
Mother's side = mitochondria
Is bacteria, but cannot be cultivated on it's own.
Ovum contains it. Sperm does not (or too littl
Lecture 3 - Black Plague
22 August 2016
Democracy - not natural/human nature
European concept. Did exist in Asia till recently.
Black Death forced us towards a democratic system?
Are we ready for democracy? SG environmental situation
Extra Notes #1
Friday, 30 September 2016
Important in sulfur cycle.
Lives in very cold environments.
Largest amongst of domain of archaea.
Exceptionally fluid membranes
Antifreeze proteins - prevent formatio
The Beagle at the Galapagos 1835
It was a surveying/mapping voyage.
Isolated island. Galapagos had never been inhabited when it had been first
Animals were so unfamiliar with humans, so tame no fear with humans (
birds would land on your heads )
Because Natural Selection suggests to some people that nature was
consciously selecting species.
Name people gave Darwins theory when it was combined with genetics
Is there a missing link?
Darwin vs his Critics
Darwin had just published his controversial book the origin of species.
Follow-up book was a boring book about orchards.
o Answered criticisms regarding his theory.
Natural selection could not explain the details of livi
Reception to the book:
There was a wide range of reviews towards the book it was controversial
( true, but also not entirely true )
God ( Religion comes into play ) is the creator, not nature
That humans are special and not
James Ussher ( 1650s ) speculated the world was created 4004 BCE
Taken as the truth; Bibles were annotated with this date.
Nicolas Steno ( 1667 ) compared tongue stones to sharks teeth.
Law of Original Horizontality
Law of Superposition new
Georges Curvier ( 1769 1832 )
Comparative anatomy study the parts of various living things to
discover how they work (?)
People used to think the world has always been the same.
His study of Paris Basin found different fossils in different strat
Darwin born in Shrewsbury, England ( The Mount )
Erasmus Darwin ( 1731 1802 )
Darwins grandfather had some theories on evolution too.
Robert Darwin ( 1766 1848 )
Also a medical man/physician.
In those days, physicians were also s
Darwin and Religion
Some thought Darwin was akin to the Pope of Science while others thought him
akin to Hitler.
30-second theories ( 2010 ) Darwin punching out God
Science at war with Religion (?)
Darwins Father & Grandfather Free-thinkers
GET1020 Lecture 12
A label of a certain kind of thinking in that era.
Only natural laws and forces exist in nature / Only natural laws and forces
can be detected in nature.
Super radical revolution that overturned
Origin of Species
12 Feb Darwin Day
1859 on the title page = First Edition, extremely rare
There was a time where other things were around ( in the past ) where do the
new ones come from? That is the topic of Darwins book.
Lyell things in the world happe
The Beagle returned home after 5 years ( Oct 1836 )
After visiting his family, he went to live in Cambridge to study the
specimens he brought back.
All the experts he needed to consult were in London though, so he had to
move there later on.
The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication ( 1868 )
Darwins longest work was supposed to have more volumes, but never
To convince readers that domesticated plants and animals varied.
Any variation that occurs in an
Lecture 7 & 8
Alfred Russel Wallace
Discovered the same thing as Darwin ( Evolution )
Was describe as the opposite end of the social spectrum ( X ) ( Not true )
o Wallace was born to a gentlemen; though his father did loose his
money so the family did f
Creation Stories from Around the World
Told to explain origin of the world.
6-7 thousands years ago, the Egyptians. One of the oldest, complex
Vikings world created by Norse Gods, upon the body of a dead giants.
Where do animals come from?
New theories of human evolution: The cooking ape hypothesis
Humans diverged from apes 4 6 million years ago.
Chimps have not changed for 4 6 million years? But we have. Chimps are not
( we should not assume things )
Its not walki
Wallace had surprised Darwin with the same theory hed come up with 20 years
But he delayed publishing his theory for all that time.
Perhaps he was afraid of the consequences of publishing his theory?
Universal belief that he kept his theory secr
Modern Opponents of Evolution
Wallace Lecture Tour of USA ( 1886 1887 )
There were no Creationist in America
Wrote Darwinism more comprehensive than Darwins original book
Darwin grew up in an era in which evolution was considered a ridiculous
The last 13,000 years of Human History
Guns, Germs and Steel ( Jared Diamond ) he saw things about ancient
human history that archaeologist and historians did not; interloper on their
expertise of sorts
Human history is an endless movement of p
Darwins Last Book
The formation of vegetable mould, through the action of worms, with
observations on their habits (1881) A best seller on earthworms.
Mould ( we call it soil today )
Earthworms are critical to the production of soil.
o Soil o
Lecture 4: Darwins Travels on the H.M.S. Beagle
Captain Robert FitzRoy
Helmed the voyage of the H.M.S. Beagle
Aristocratic Background ( wealthy family ) particularly interested in
He wanted to take a scientific person on his next voyage because