Philosophy of Religion
Three arguments for the existence of God (or the rationality of religious belief)
St.Anselm, Pascal, Paley
Why are we beginning with these issues/problems?
To give an appetizer of many branches of philosophy
Start with a wide unde
PHL201: Problems in Philosophy Exam Notes
Answer 6 out of 10 short answer questions
Answer 1 out of 3 essay questions
What questions or problems is the text trying to respond to?
What does the thinker conclude on the matter? How do they
1. mystery in spite of the fact that we seem intimately familiar with consciousness in our own case.
2. Descartes' dualism and its problems
3 behaviorism, mind/brain identity theory, functionalism
4 mysterians vs reductionists: Chalmers focuses on
399 B.C., Socrates is on trial at the age of 70
(1) the older set of accusations: Socrates is an evil-doer, and a curious person, who searches into things
under the earth and in heaven, and he makes the worse appear the better cause; and he
The Structure of Arguments
An argument is deductively valid (or valid, for short) if:
It is impossible for the conclusion to be false
when all the premises are true.
If the premises are true, th
The Challenge of Ren Descartes
During the Middle Ages, Aristotelianism and Scholasticism views of
human nature were commonly held. In the 17th century, Ren Descartes
introduced Rationalism and is currently known as the father of modern