DETERMINANTS OF HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURE ON EDUCATION IN
TOT DIVISION IN ELGEYO MARAKWET COUNTY.
EDNA CHEPCHUMBA MARITIM
A Research Proposal Submitted in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the award of
Master of Arts of the Depar
Declaration by the Candidate
This proposal is my original work and has not been presented for a degree in any other
University. No part of this proposal may be reproduced without prior written permission of
author and/or Moi University
Contributes to rural development
Kenyan tea is one of the best in the world
8) Where do you buy the tea products you consume?
Large estate tea factory .
9) Where do you get the information on tea product
A three tier approach was adopted in this research. First, a policy review and analysis was done
to identify whether the Kenya government policies support production, processing, marketing
generation and foreign exchange earnings. In the Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs)
outlined in Sessional Paper No. 1 of 1986 (Economic Management for Renewed Growth), major
policy changes included price and market liberalization, beneficiary partici
County to the North West, Nakuru County to the East, and Bomet County to the South. It also
borders Nyamira to the South West, Kisii County to the South and south West and Nyando
District to the West. Kericho Town is the headquarters of Kericho County.
Divide the quantity (Oij-Eij)2 obtained as stated above by the corresponding expected
frequency to get (Oij-Eij)2 /Eij and this should be done for all the cell frequencies or the
Find the summation of (Oij-Eij) 2/Eij values in ea
The questionnaire aims at collecting data that will form part of the study on Analysis of socio
economic factors affecting tea consumption in Kenya-Kericho County. The study is being
conducted by Kipkoech Jeruto Janet, M. Phil student at
imagine that, given a constrained budget, parents invest more on each child's education
when the family size is large than when it is small. 2.3 Theoretical Framework
Education is an economic good because it is not easily obtainable and thus needs to be
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Theoretical literature
Puri and Sangera (1989) conducted a survey to know the consumption pattern of processed
products in Chandigarh. Jam was found to be the most popular among the respondents
irrespective of t
% of time
land ownership arrangements such that:
D1 = 1 for Busia district and 0 for Butere or Mumias district
D2 = Season of production (1 for season 2, the short rains and 0 for season 1, the long rains)
D3 = Level of formal education (1 for secondary or tertiary
has a value between 0 and 1. If inefficiency exists among farms, the estimated variance
will be different from zero. If it is zero, the error term expresses the traditional
random variation that is not under the control of the farmer. Critical
individuals experiences. In this study, the semi- structured questionnaire will be used to collect
data from all respondents. This research tool will be tested for reliability and validity.
3.5 Validity and reliability of research instruments
To my dad, the late John Kipkorir Koima (Arap Arusei Cheplong, who passed-on on Wednesday
the 22nd June 2011, soon after my Thesis defense -Friday 17th June 2011) together with my
mum, Mrs. Jane Jerop Korir for the inspiration and instilling th
How many have you attended in the last 5 years?
Do you receive any extension visits?
[ ] Yes
How many times in a month do they visit?
Do you listen to agricultural programmes on Radio or TV?
[ ] Yes
How many times do you listen in a mon
help in branding and packaging of those products. Therefore there is need for carrying out this
1.8 Significance of the Study
Kenya predominates in the production of black tea in which its major markets are outside (over
90%) while local market
3) Which factor do you consider most when choosing the tea products?
Price . Quality .
4) Most important tea attribute in consumer choice (rank in order of preference)
Taste Nutritional v
From whom do you buy your stocks? [ ] Farmers [ ] Traders; From _ area/ location
What was your buying price? Ksh _/ (unit)_
How did you transport it to the market? _
What are your costs of marketing? (Fill table below):
DECLARATION BY THE CANDIDATE
This thesis is my original work and has not been presented for a degree in any other University
for an academic or any other award. No part of this thesis may be reproduced without the prior
written permission of t
Henderson L, Gregory J, Swan G (2002). National Diet and Nutrition Survey: adults
aged 19 to 64 years. FSA: London.
Hillier S, Cooper C, Kellingray S, Russell G, Hughes H, Coggon D (2000). Fluoride in
drinking water and risk of hip fracture in the UK. A c
Duong (2004) conducted a survey in 360 households of six villages in the Me Linh district, Vinh
Phuc province from March to September 2001. Using the logistic regression model, the author
found parents education levels and the interaction between parents
Essential, Scheduled and Special Crops
Section 100, sub-section (1) of the Agriculture Act states that the Minister for Agriculture may,
after every annual review, by order published in the Gazette, declare scheduled crops to be
essential crops. Essential
Kenya, Laws of Kenya: The Agriculture Act, Chapter 318. Nairobi: Government Printer, 1986.
Korir, M.K. Cross Border Bean Marketing Between the Northern Zone of Tanzania and Nairobi,
Kenya. MPhil. Thesis. Moi University, Eldoret, 2005.
Kumbhakar, S.C. Ghos
It is also home to a number of multi-national tea companies operating in the area including
Unilever Kenya Tea, Williamson Tea and James Finlays Ltd, the leading producer and exporter
of instant tea in the world and Kenya Tea Packers limited (Ketepa).
The advantages of parametric approaches such as the SFA are that:
They distinguish between random errors and inefficiency,
Since it is a parametric approach, it is easy to test hypotheses.
Given that this study desired to determine the
uit = exp[o + mmit] .(2.7)
where the unknown parameters to be estimated are:
n related to non-neutral effect variables
m related to farm specific variables
t related to time dimension variables
o related to farm specific variables in the variance model
Kumar, K. Ambarish, Tonden, B. B. and Barker, A. Tansu, (1987), What
it means to the Indian consumer? Indian J. Marketing, 17(9):14-16.
Leung, L. K., Su, Y., Chen, R., Zang, Z., Huang, Y. & Chen, Z. Y. (2001) Theaflavins
in black and catechins in green te
having particular regard to the costs of production, market prospects, and any obligations to
supply external demands. This has the objectives of determining:
i. The kinds of agricultural produce which should be specified as scheduled crops in the
Empirical Applications of Stochastic Frontier Analysis
According to Sauer et. al., (2006), the availability of efficiency estimation software recently
inflated the number of corresponding applications. The resulting efficiency estimates are used