What is a natural disaster?
- Natural Disaster: natural event which large amounts of energy is released in a short time, resulting
in a catastrophic impacts on life or environment
usually has high ca
Lecture 2: Disaster and Emergency
What makes a disaster?
The occurrence of a natural hazard, and a natural disaster.
Disasters are social phenomenons that results when a hazard
intersects with a vulnerable community in a way that
Lecture 11 - Mass Movements II
to understand how mass movements are classified
to be able to describe the different types of mass movements
to be aware of several mitigation strategies against mass movement
Classification of Mass Mov
Lecture 3 - Impacts with Space Objects
to know where space objects impacting earth come from and what they are
to describe the consequences of impacts with space objects of different sizes
Sources of Extraterrestrial Debris
Lecture 4 - Great Canadian Impact Tour
to describe crater-forming process and crater morphology
to know the key characteristics of each crater presented
Impact Crater Morphology
Astrobleme = astro -star, planet + blema wound
Lecture 8 - Earthquakes, people, and infrastructure
to be able to use the Mercalli intensity scale to describe what people and infrastructure
experienced during an earthquake
to know the different factors affecting intensity and earthquake d
Lecture 1 - Introduction
distinguish between natural hazards and natural disasters
know the 4 energy sources that fuel the different natural disasters
be aware of several global and Canadian trends related to natural disasters
Lecture 6 - Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes
to understand the relation between tectonic environments and earthquake
to describe earthquake magnitude
to describe hypocenter depth
shallow: 0 - 100 km
Lecture 12 - Snow Avalanches
to be able to describe the features of the different types of avalanches
to understand the various causes of avalanches, especially those related to snowpack
to know what can trigger avalanches
Mass Movements II
Recall that mass movements are geographical hazards that get their
energy from gravity
The objectives of this lecture are to:
understand how mass movements are classified
be able to describe the different types of mass movements
LECTURE 12 : ACTIVE VOLCANISM NOW
20% of population lives near volcano
Shield volcano, mauna loa,Hawaii
Cinder cone, puu Oo, Hawaii
Composite cone/stratovolcano , mt.st.helens,Washington oct 1,2004
Calderas: collapsed volcanoes due to erupti
Great Canadian impact tour
Photo: M. Bouchard, U. de Montreal.
Shown with permission.
Pingualuit crater, QC
Professor: Claire Samson, Ph.D., P.Eng.
Ref.: Abbott & Samson.
Welcome to ERTH2415!
Civilization exists by geologic
consent, subject to change
American historian, 1885-1981
For each natural disaster presented,
on natural disasters
Management and Resilience in
Section 1: What makes a Disaster?
Section 2: Emergency Management
Section 3: The Situation in Canada
Section 4: The International Situation
ERTH2415 Fall 2016
READING ASSIGNMENTS FOR EXAM #1
Abbott & Samson
ERTH2415 Fall 2016
READING ASSIGNMENTS FOR EXAM #2
Impact with space
Abbott & Samson
ERTH2415 WINTER 2017
Main course objectives:
1. Explain the energy sources associated with natural disasters.
2. Relate the physical characteristics of a natural disaster to the energy source.
3. Analyze the im
Lecture 6- earthquakes, people and infrastructure
What do people feel during an earthquake?
Measure of the effects of an earthquake on people and infrastructure
Mercalli intensity scale( mercalli 1902, modified by richter 1956)
Lecture 11- eruptive style and landforms II
Explosive eruptive style
Mostly subduction zones
Magma composition: andesitic to rhyolitic
Lecture 7 - What happens during an Earthquake?
to understand how energy is released during an earthquake
to know the characteristics of seismic waves
to locate the epicenter and estimate the magnitude of an earthquake from seismogram
Lecture 9 - Tsunamis
Fuelled by Earths internal energy, gravity, or impact energy.
to know what natural phenomena can create a tsunami
to know the characteristics of tsunami waves and how they differ from wind-caused
to be aware of mi
Lecture 4: Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes
Objectives = to understand the relation tectonic environments and
An earthquake is a natural hazard that gets its source of
energy from Earths internal energy.
Lecture 9: Plate Tectonics and Volcanoes
Volcano eruptions get their source of energy from the Earths
To understand the magma characteristics that control peaceful
versus explosive volcanic eruptions
To understand th
Lecture 7: Earthquakes close to home
Canadian Earthquakes (History)
1, possibly 2 (from 1870 earthquake) - in
27 indirectly from the 1929 tsunami caused by an
earthquake (1700?) in Newfoundland.
All we know about the ear
Lecture 8: Tsunami
Tsunamis get their source of energy from the earths internal
However, they may also be fuelled by gravity, and impact
Know what natural phenomena causes a tsunami.
Know the characteristics of tsunami waves
Lecture 5: What happens during an
Recall: in the asthenosphere and mesosphere, there are hot
convection loops that carry warm magma closer to the cooler,
These loops drag the lithosphere plates and can open a crack
in the seafloo
Lecture 1: Introduction
Exam questions will be from the lecture notes.
The textbook is a only tool to reinforce your learning.
1. To distinguish between natural hazards and natural disasters.
a. Natural disasters = a natural event that
Lecture 3: Plate Tectonics
This is the most important lecture in the whole term.
It will provide a foundation that will allow us to build up
our knowledge about earthquakes and volcanoes.
To describe the Earths internal structure.
Lecture 6: Earthquakes, infrastructure, and
1. To use the mercalli intensity scale to describe what people and
infrastructure experienced during an earthquake.
2. To know the different factors affecting intensity, and