1. State the 1st and 2nd Laws of Thermodynamics.
The first law of thermodynamics states that energy can not be created or
destroyed, yet, it can be transformed/trasnferred in any transformation from one to the
other and the total energy remains.
Tuesday, March 8th, 2016
Video: Jaime Levner TED Talk
City is not a problem, it is a solution solution for climate change
o Working and living together
o Work, leisure and city all indifferent places
o Shell like a suburb
! The Automob
Thursday February 11th, 2016
Different ways to look at peak oil
! USGS (US Geological Survey) View - SUPPLY
" Looks at supply; peak oil refers to peak production
" As population grows and people want to be more affluent, demand
Tuesday March 23rd, 2016
Ecology and Society (Walker et al.)
! Article about Resilience, Adaptability and Transformability in Social
Ecological Systems (SES)
4 Critical aspects of resilience
o 1. Latitude (not geographical): maximum amount a
Thursday, March 10th, 2016
Smart Grid augmented the old Grid with new technology
Apply it to Smart Cities
o Cities are growing
o Need for efficiencies
! Change through policy and planning
! Change through technology and desi
Tuesday February 2nd 2016
Resources and Reserves
Reserves are the things you use; Resources the things you cannot use*
Fe (iron) World Resource (TONS) = 1.8x10!"
At the demand rate (consumption rate) in 1974 = R/D (Resource/Dem
Thursday, March 3rd, 2016
Ecological Design: Video
Buckminster Fuller (Died 1983)
o Dymaxion House
o Dymaxion Car
Paul MacCready (Died 2007)
o Gossamer Albatross human propelled airplane
o Solar powered aircraft April 7,
Tuesday January 19th, 2016
Basiago Article CONT.
Sustainability can be used as a methodology to study things
There are questions to ask before a development activity is undertaken:
A. Will the development leave on behalf of future generations an
Tuesday, March 1st, 2016
We need a design revolution to make things (cities, cars etc.) that are environmentally better
Video: Ecological Design
! People have adapted through designing over thousands of years
! Global technologies depleting r
Tuesday, February 9th, 2016
Video: The Power of Community
! About: Cuba got cut off from fossil fuels and how they adapted
Cuba was getting lots of stuff from the Soviet Union. When the SU collapsed
in the late 1980s, Cubas
Tuesday, January 26th, 2016
* Info below coms from US EIA site
Energy: the ability to do work (to move something against a resistant force; gravity for
Doesnt necessarily define energy; defines what it does
Energy CANNOT be created or
Thursday February 4th, 2016
Fracking: Hydraulic fracturing
! Drill down into rock " inject high pressure water + sand (keeps things apart after
they are separated) + chemicals " fractures rock to release natural gas
# Uses lots of
Thursday January 28th 2016
Electromagnetic Spectrum (EMS)
*online link to view
Wavelength (m) = Differences between wave peak tops
! Wavelengths start off large and go to extremely tiny (left to right)
Frequency (Hz) = peaks per second
Tuesday, February 23rd, 2016
*Book Assignments are graded and marks are on culearn *
Energy System (Electricity)
System has boundaries
o Generation (Primary energy at this end)
! Solar Panel
! Wind Turbine
Tuesday March 29th, 2016
Book Introduction to Risk Management and Insurance by Mark S. Dorfman
! Once risks have been identifiedQ = What to do about it?
o 1. Transfer Risk
o 2. Avoidance
Not performing an activity that carri
1. Describe the use of the eCar in terms of energy transformations.
Traditional cars use fossil energy to power, however, electronic cars use electricity.
which this is a energy transformation from fossil fuel to electricity.
2. What is a system?
1. Why is there a move to smart grids?
There is a supply&demand of charing eCar battery.
2. What are the components of the electrical energy system?
Generation, transmission, distribution and consumer.
3. What are 3 types of energy storage (give an exampl
1. What are the 4 risk management strategies suggested by Dorfman? Give an example of each
Transfer: Insurance to contracts
Avoidance: not performing an activity that caries risk, not flying in airplane to
avoid hijacking risk
Risk Reduction: meth
1. What is the difference between a resource and a reserve?
Resource is the untouched because of the poor quality it has. Yet the reserves is
the core of a resource that needs to be examined and might have economic value.
2. Along with fracking, developme
1. In your own words, explain how the Namibian desert beetle can get water from the
The water sticks to the peak of each bump, because the bump is smooth and like
glass which attract water. and the cover to forming the drop of water, and when
1. What is the difference between the way the USGS and the IEA see peak oil?
USGS sees supply and demand,in the supply chain, it start from supply then peak
oil and peak production. Yet, in the demand, it demands growth continues indefinitely
and last oil
1. How do views of environmental risk differ among the four myths of nature?
Nature capricious: need nor resources controllable
nature perverse/ tolerant; need are not but resources are controllable
nature benign: nature is stable/global equilibrium but r
1. Explain what moral standing is.
Moral standing is for an ethics to have moral standings, its interests and wellbeing must be considered when deciding what to do.
2. Is there a connection between moral standing and sustainable development? Explain.
1. What are the 5 distinct elements of a passive solar building?
Aperture (window, collector), Absorber (dark material to absorb solar radiation,
Thermal mass, Distribution, Control.
2. What 4 things do you need to have forest fires?
Drought, sources of i
Mystery Person ! Hugh Green
" Combine Jane Jacobs & Robert Moses (freeways in NY; Long Island
Thermal Capacitance: ability of materials to store heat
Thermal Mass: materials that store heat; stores heat by changing temperature (the more
Thursday, February 25th, 2016
*Watched VIDS$GRIDS videos on YouTube*
o Contain anode, cathode/electrolytes
o Different kinds of batteries
! Primary: cannot be recharged
! Secondary: can be recharged
Tuesday, January 12th, 2016
Coal in the ground (5 steps) (PRIMARY ENERGY (10 E) ) ! Driving an eCar
2. Transport (Refining and Transport can be interchanged)
3. Refine (clean; sort by size)
4. Energy Transformation (Transfor
Thursday, January 21st, 2016
*Instructions in culearn*
create a personal water footprint
MIN. 5 consumer products
Annotated bibliographies MUST BE MLA
Essay about virtual water relation to water-energy nexus