Section 3 Methods of Data
LECTURE: HISTORICAL RESEARCH AND
THE LOGIC OF HISTORICAL-COMPARATIVE RESEARCH
Historical-comparative research focuses
on culture, tries to see through the eyes
of those studied, reconstruct the lives
LECTURE PARTICIPANT OBSERVATION
Field research, ethnography, or
participant-observation research is
a qualitative research approach in
which a researcher directly
observes and participates in smallscale social settings in the present
LECTURE INTERVIEWING AND
FOCUS GROUP RESEARCH
Interviewing may be defined simply as
a conversation with a purpose.
The specific purpose is to gather
ART OR SCIENCE?
Some suggest that interviewing is an
Lectures: Some Theoretical
do we know what we know?
How do we know that what we know is
really what we want to know?
How do we know what is true and what is
Do we really know anything?