1. What is an allele?
a. Gene that codes for polypeptides
b. Physical location of a gene on a chromosome
c. A unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offspring and is held to
determine some characteristic of the offspring
1. According to Parkers model, how did male and female sexes evolve?
a. Disruptive selection against intermediate-sized gametes
b. Directional selection against small-sized gametes
c. Directional selection against large-sized gametes
1. Individuals within and across populations display natural variation in their behavioural
phenotypes. This variation is typically due to what?
a. The environment
b. The genotype
c. The genotype, the environment, and their interaction
1. The figure below shows two possible worlds: a dynamic world with unpredictable
changes (e.g., new predators and parasites may appear in the middle of a breeding
season) and a fixed world with nothing ever changing (e.g., no new predato
1. The Emlen and Oring model of the evolution of social mating systems is based on
sexual conflict theory, which assumes which of the following?
a. Males and females invest the same amount of energy into offspring
b. Males and females ty
1. Which of the following descriptions is considered an animal behaviour?
a. A caterpillar falling into a river and being tossed around in the current
b. A lions mane blowing away from its body
c. A butterfly moving from a sunny to a shad
1. You collect giving-up density data from three identical patches that are spaced 5 m
apart in the environment at locations A, B, and C. A is harvested to the GUD, while
patches B and C are harvested to the same higher GUD. What can you
1. Which statement is correct?
a. Animals with low fecundity and high survivorship should not typically exhibit
b. Animals with high fecundity and low survivorship typically exhibit high parental care
c. Taxa with a high su
1. Which of the following is NOT a form of communication?
a. All of the answers are a form of communication
b. A bees waggle dance to convey direction and distance to food source
c. Markings on the faces of paper wasp female to signal the
1. What is NOT a strategy to reduce predation risk?
a. Altering mating behaviour
b. Carry food to a safer location
c. Not moving
d. Cryptic colouration
e. Foraging for food in open space
2. Which of the following behaviour is consistent w
1. Which of the following is NOT a benefit of sociality?
a. Communal care of young: enhanced feeding and defense of offspring
b. Decreased search time to find food or mates
c. Increased diet breadth for predators
d. Increased opportunity
1. If the distribution of individuals over a set of habitats is consistent with ideal free
distribution model, then:
a. The habitats associated with higher fitness will be occupied after the habitats
associated with lower fitness
1. What is the primary difference between dispersal and migration?
a. There is no difference between dispersal and migration because they both
involve movements to more favourable conditions
b. Migration is an evolved behaviour, whereas d
1. Which one of the following explanations indicates an ultimate explanation?
a. Wing flapping in moths when touched on its thorax is a product of a special set of
b. All of the answers are correct
c. Wing flapping in