Lab 2:
Measurement of Density
BIT 1002 Winter 2013
Results and Errors
In physics, numerical results from experiments
are always expressed in two parts:
Numerical result Error
Example
Suppose we measure a variable x, which is a
length
x = 0.035 mm
Precis

BIT 1002, Fall 2013
Information and Course Outline
1. Course Times
Lectures
Room and Time:
Azrieli Pavilion 132
Monday and Wednesday 4:00 to 5:30
Instructor: Dr. Mike Donkers
Office:
3313 HP
E-mail:
[email protected]
Hours:
Mon. and Wed. 3:00 t

Physics Laboratory
Introduction
BIT-1002
09/12/13
Welcome to the Physics
Laboratory
In the lab based part of the course you will
learn:
09/12/13
How to carry out an experiment using the
scientific method
How to quantify the errors inherent in any
measure

Elementary Physics
BIT1002
Fall 2012
Dr. Mike Donkers
[email protected]
Introduction
Professor: Dr. Mike Donkers
Office:
3313HP
email:
[email protected]
Hours:
Mon 4:05 to 5:25
Wed 4:05 to 5:25
Lectures
Mon & Wed
3:00 to 4:00
Labs: F

Elementary Physics II
BIT1002
Interference and Diffraction
Dr. Mike Donkers
[email protected]
Interference Coherent waves
Consider two coherent light rays
Coherent means rays maintain the same phase relationship
Incoherent rays will have phase

Formula Sheet, BIT 1002
1
Basic Math
Momentum
Light
Areas
Momentum: p
~ = m~v
Impulse: p = Favg t
Conservation of momentum (all collisions): p
~i = p
~f
m1 v1i + m2 v2i = m1 v1f + m2 v2f
i
2
intensity: I = hP
= c0 Erms
= rms
A
0
polarization:
I = (1/2)I0

Elementary Physics
BIT1002
Forces
Dr. Mike Donkers
[email protected]
Push or Pull
Objects can undergo motion in a specific direction
Changes of velocity occur through an acceleration
Increase in velocity (vf > vi)
Decrease in velocity (vf < vi

Elementary Physics II
BIT1002
EM Waves
Dr. Mike Donkers
[email protected]
Electromagnetic Waves
An EM wave is a combination of two oscillating
fields
Electric Field (E)
Magnetic Field (M)
Each field oscillates perpendicular to each other
Direct

Important Formulae
Areas:
Triangle:
1
2
Circle: r 2
bh
2 rh 2 r 2
Cylinder:
Eqn of Motion
Kinematics:
x x2 x1
vavg
d f d 0 v0 t 12 at 2
v f v0 at
Forces:
Friction:
Work &
Energy:
Ff k FN
Ff s FN
W Fd cos
vavg
v
t
GMm
Grav:
r2
FG mg
FG
Centripedal:
a
v2

Lab 3:
Atwoods Machine
BIT 1002 Winter 2013
Introduction to Graphing
Axes must be continuous (no breaks)
Plan the scales by looking at the data
Error bars must be shown for each data point
unless the error is too small to be seen on the
scale if this

3. Spring Constant Experiment
Purpose
In this experiment you will determine the spring constant of a spring by two different methods:
1. Static Method: Measure extension of the spring as a function of the applied load.
2. Dynamic Method: Measure frequency

BIT 1002: Atwoods Machine Write-Up
Please fill and submit to your TA before leaving the lab. Show your work. Justify your answers.
Name: _
Date: _
Student Number: _
Partners name: _
Workstation Number: _
Lab Section: _
TA: _
Preliminary Measurements
Table

BIT 1002: Specific Heat Capacity of Water Write-Up
Please fill and submit to your TA before leaving the lab. Show your work. Justify your answers.
Name: _
Date: _
Student Number: _
Partners name: _
Workstation Number: _
Lab Section: _
TA: _
PART A. EXPERI

BIT 1002, Fall 2016
Information and Course Outline
1. Course Times
Lectures
Room and Time:
Azrieli Pavilion 132 Monday and Wednesday 16:05 to 17:25
Instructor: Dr. Mike Donkers
Office:
3313 HP
E-mail:
[email protected]
Hours:
Mon. and Wed. 17:3

4. Atwood's Machine Experiment
Atwood's machine is a device which allows a kinematic measurement of the acceleration of gravity by
slowing the motion of a pair of weights. You will measure a time interval with an electronic timer that
starts and stops aut

Question 1
This micrometer is measuring the thickness of a pen. The
error is 0.01 mm. How would you report the result
(including the error)?
Write your answers in next experiment prelab
Question 2
This vernier caliper is measuring the thickness of a penc

Lab 4:
Spring Constant
BIT 1002 Winter 2013
Why are we interested in Springs?
In many materials, the chemical bonds
between atoms behave like just like springs
It is possible to model the engineering
properties of many materials using this spring
and ma

Specific Heat Capacity of Water
BIT 1002 - Fall 2013
Thermodynamics Terms
Heat Capacity, C : ratio of
heat, Q, absorbed over the rise
in temperature, T.
Specific Heat Capacity, c:
heat capacity per unit mass, m.
Specific Heat, s: ratio of
specific heat

Elementary Physics
BIT1002
Momentum
Dr. Mike Donkers
[email protected]
Two worlds collide
Changes in motion is a result of the action of one
body on another
contact is required
force begins immediately on contact
Collisions
How do we characte

Forces
4-8
A fisherman yanks a fish vertically out of the water with an acceleration of 2.5 m/s 2
using a very light fishing line that has a breaking strength of 22 N. The fisherman
unfortunately loses the fish as the line snaps. What can we say about the

Elementary Physics
BIT1002
Waves and Vibrations
Fall 2012
Dr. Mike Donkers
[email protected]
The wheels go round and round
Do concepts of translational motion apply to
oscillating motion?
Consider a wheel rotating at a constant rate:
l
=
r
SI

Elementary Physics
BIT1002
Sound
Dr. Mike Donkers
[email protected]
Do you hear that?
Sound is one of the most important ways we
experience the world around us
Sound comes to us as a longitudinal wave
Where does it come from?
We start with a vi

Lab 5:
Ray Optics
BIT 1002 Winter 2013
Snells Law
The relationship between incident angle and
refracted angle
1 sin 1 = 2 sin 2
Incident
angle
Refractive
index of
material 1
Refracted
angle
Refractive
index of
material 2
The refractive index of a materia

Elementary Physics
BIT1002
Relativity
Dr. Mike Donkers
[email protected]
Where are we?
Physics depends on an ability to identify a frame of
reference (basic coordinate system)
Different observers often are located in different
frames of referen

Lab 6:
Specific Heat Capacity of Water
BIT 1002 Winter 2013
Thermodynamics Terms
Heat Capacity, C : ratio of
heat, Q, absorbed over the rise
in temperature, T.
Specific Heat Capacity, c:
heat capacity per unit mass, m.
Specific Heat, s: ratio of
specif

Elementary Physics
BIT1002
Kinematics
Fall 2012
Dr. Mike Donkers
[email protected]
Where are we?
Most problems in physics are dependent on the
ability to uniquely identify a location
Defined in relation to some point of reference
This point of

Elementary Physics
BIT1002
Work and Energy
Fall 2012
Dr. Mike Donkers
[email protected]
It takes a lot of hard work
We can consider an alternative path to uncover
source of motion
How much work is done?
How much energy is used?
Work is the resu

Elementary Physics II
BIT1002
Ray Optics
Dr. Mike Donkers
[email protected]
Object and Images
Usually we arent interested in what happens to individual
light rays
What happens to light from entire objects through reflecting
(mirrors) and refrac

6. Specific Heat Capacity of Water Experiment
Purpose
In this experiment, you will determine the specific heat capacity of water using an electrical heater as an
energy supply.
Apparatus
To determine the specific heat capacity of water you will need a hea