The nature of alienation in modern societies is common ground shared between
Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Karl Marx. Both viewing modern societies as a collective
group of people who believe they are free but in fact are enslaved by their own selves as
Jean Jaques Rousseau
Was writing in the Age of Enlightenment in Europe.
In France it was also the Age of Absolution, which ended in 1776. Everyone was under
the rule of the king but there was an active pursuit for knowledge.
There were these essay competi
1) Whats wrong with our society? He believes that society is moving forward, and people are
getting more knowledgeable and globalized and he believes it to be headed for wrong.
2) Like Plato or Moore he was looking for nature, but his argument here is tha
Democracy in America
The peoplen are ultimately incharged was poping up all over the world at the time.
It is important that he arrived in America in 1849 when Andrew Jackson was the
president. He was only person at the time who was elected by the univer
According to Locke all land and the resources driven from them, be it the yields from vegetation,
animals and wood of the forest or the vast treasures of mineral deposits, are God's gift to
mankind. As the superior of all his(God's) creations he ha
In the 1844 manual SCRIPT HE LAYS DOWN his assumption about human nature. Marx give a
historical explanation to support this, supported by theoretical assumption. He explains the logic
behind species being. Its only in politics that we can see oursel
1) Biography: Born 1818 in small town Prussia. This meant he grew up in a liberal environment
surrounded by an authoritarian state. His family was jewish, while Prussia was a Lutheran
state. Upper middle class, his father a serious guy, sends hi
1) The new england council culture was an integral part of social and political life in the north.
Page 28: Democracy grew from the bottom up, as compared to the French Revolution.
Tocqueville is very impressed with this town hall culture. He sees deeper
Private property, justice, morality, human nature, utopianism, realism, education, democracy, justice,
(life of) philosophy v. politics, good ruler, rights, power, knowledge.
Plato: justice is having things in the right order. The word he uses for it is "
Democracy in America
1) Page 14,He doesnt want to start with an idea, opposite of Rosseau, he said I went to
Americas and he wants everything(theory) to emerge from the facts. Wants to tell everything
that he saw in America and from that drive the emergen
1) Engles showed a prespective on the conditions of the working class in England.
a) Marx for this reason starts to focus on economics. It took him decades to reach to
conclusion on his theory. However by the time On the Jewish Question is written
POLITICAL SCIENCE 2O06
INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL THEORY
Second Term Essay Assignment
Instructor: James Ingram
Office Hours: Thursday 9:30-11:00
The following questions are for the second-term essay assignment. Final grades fo
3 hours long, 3 sections
1 section: 20% 5 out of 10 passages
2 section, 1 out of 3 questions, essay type, 40% - term 1.
3rd section, 40%, 1 out of 3, term 2 material
1) Background: Historical institutionalism: What the field looks like. P
1) this increasing complexity causes Disenchantment. When the world becomes less
meaningful. We live in a world where we have to chose our own values. There are many
choices in the world and we have to chose our gods and beliefs.
2) A teacher ca
Machiavelli's masterpiece The Prince concerns itself with guidelines to acquire and maintain
political power. Being one of the first political scientists belonging to the realist school of
thought, the author lays down a number of practical points,
Big Themes within 2O06
Locke: only becomes your property when you use your labor on it, natural law,
property created by labor, mixing labor with earth, property should be useful, its
protection is the main purpose of government
Rousseau- The Basic Political Writings
- Rousseau wrote their books during the enlightenment era.
- Rousseau was a Genevan philosopher, composer and writer in
the 18th century
- He became very popular during the French Revolution
Socrates refuses that as well. There may be infinite ways of accomplishing a
good or a bad, but all of these instances argued cannot be sai to exempligy the
accomplishment of justice
- not the just man who is in any given instance bestable to accomplish a
Two types of governments republics and monarchies
Looks like this:
-totally new (if democracy got a new king)
- sort of new monarchies (if king just added some land to
book discusses monarchi
The Social Contract
a) Written eight years after the discourse.
2) Written in the style of previous political philosophers. I t uses the same concepts.
3) The social contract in the second discourse was that the rich had gotten togather to protect
POLITICAL SCIENCE 2O06 (Second Half)
Political Theory, Winter 2013
Tuesday and Thursday 11:30-12:20
Office hours: Thursdays 9:30-11:00
Instructor: James Ingram
This continues the intro
The General Will
1) Whoever doesn't obey the general will shall be forced to do so, this is the condition of
someone being free. Page 206, The contract itself should be unanimous and all are part of the
general will. When we have to vote on something we d
The Communist Manifesto
Historical Materialism. Page 107, What MARX means by stating that he is a materialist. Our
starting point is going to be actual social science- how they make the world around them. Life is
first in our interaction with the wor
Part 2 Jean
The start of civilization was triggered with the confinement of property.
The origin of all this evil is pride, pg 61. It comes by thinking about ourself. Pg 63, We
start to attach with each other as we believe some people are better th
1) Page 7, Answering the question, do you want to pursue science because you have a calling for it? He
looks at the big trends, which have a lot to do with beaucacy, which is becoming more specialization
and complicated. Its the logic of things becoming m
September 26, 2016
Religion Library Assignment
Duara, P. (1991). The New Politics of Hinduism. The Wilson Quarterly, 15 (3), 42-50.
Elgood, H. (2004). Exploring the Roots of Village Hinduism in South A