PSYCHOLOGY3UU3: The Psychology of Language, Winter 2009 Instructor: Dr. Karin R. Humphreys Email: [email protected] (preferred contact method); You MUST email me from your McMaster email account, otherwise it will likely be spam filtered an
Of larger chunks: Text (written), Discourse (spoken e.g. lecture), Conversation (talking b/w
Language and real world knowledge: cohesion= fitting info together
local cohesion= current sentence fit w previous sentence; globa
Question of PARSING
Figuring out the comprehension tree of sentences
How can we figure out how people parse sentences?
How can we make computers parse sentences?
BUT do these problems need to be solved in the same way?
Does a computer have to solve things
critically evaluate would be something like Critically evaluate the Whorf-Sapir Hypothesis
Means you present both sides of the argument
Approx 4 studies per question
What are the important questions?
Does is help improve cognitive function in life?
Language Production: Syntax
Garretts model of syntactic planning = old model and strictly serial
Make skeleton of sentence with added morphemes and function words (example, the)
Lexically select and insert words into skel
PSYCH 3UU3: April 4
*Missed a little bit in the beginning, sorry!*
Back-channel: gestures to show turn-talking
Example, when another speaker is speaking, use nodding/hmm./uh-uh to show
Teachers use back-channel f
How do we study language production to begin with?
Very much the same way we did with comprehension what makes something hard to process vs easy
Look at the factors that make language hard to produce
Measure the reaction time for example
Were still not su
Remember word meaning can be separated from the form of a word
For the most part its a completely arbitrary relationship
How do we understand whats actually being said?
Can be tricky to distinguish between what is LINGUISTIC semantics (what is D
Some aspects of word recognition are similar for visual and auditory modalities, some are different
By the time you make contact with the semantic information or lexical information will be the same between the two
Is language unique to humans?
Do non-human animals have language?
Can non-human animals learn language?
What does it mean to communicate?
To share ideas
What does it mean to use language?
Language has a structure that can be used t
Visual Word Recognition
Taking the perceptual input, organizing it, mapping it on to a word form in your lexicon, and accessing the meaning
Usually termed lexical access
Some aspects in common with spoken word recogni1on, some differences
To what extent d
2 of 4 essay questions
Bring pens and pencils
5 short answer questions (one or two sentences)
There will be a lecture following the exam at 8:10
You should be writing well constructed paragraphs
No point form