The Biological Approaches to
Part II: Behavioral Genetics
Reasons why childrens personalities may
resemble their parents personalities
Direct genetic transmission:
-resemble because they share genes
-environments provided depend in
part on par
Anatomy and physiology of personality:
Ppl always suspect -> brain = sig for mind and behaviour
Hippocrates (greek physician) -> emotions, wt we think, see, hear and standards r from the
Colin Deyoung -> all personality differences are biological
It is one of the most beautiful compensations of life that no man can
sincerely try to help another without helping himself. ~ Ralph Waldo
What is prosocial behaviour?
Abraham Maslows Theory
The highest rung on Abraham Maslows ladder of human motives is the need for self-actualization.
Maslow said that human beings strive for self-actualization, or realization of their full potential, once they
have satisfied their more
What is aggression?
Harm is intended
Are there gender differences in
Harm is physical or
How rational is aggression?
Can we control aggressive
THREE IMPORTANT INTERGROUP RELATIONS CONCEPTS
about a group
We all decry prejudice, yet are all prejudiced. ~ Herbert Spencer
towards a group
responses to a group
What is Self-Esteem? (SE)
Rosenbergs SE Scale
We are taught that you must blame your father, your sisters, your brothers, the school, the
teachers - but never blame yourself. It's never your fault. ~Katharine Hepburn
If se high.
4 components of persuasion:
The ability to kill or capture a man is a relatively simple task compared with changing his mind.
~Richard Cohen, Washington Post, Feb 1991
A surprising finding
Hovland & Weiss (19
Personality refers to an individuals characteristic patterns of thought, emotion, and behavior, together with the psychological
mechanismshidden or not. Unique mission to explain whole persons.
This search will require you to limit your
END; YEN WILL HELP UNLI 'F
\ IT IS- INYUUR SELF
:NTeEsT To no So
[THEE is, F REWARDS
UuTwEiGH Co 515)
. _ .1"-,.-H-._
. Please tome shew -
~ ' ' ;. 5+ hm; stefhtq
II The We'll film:
hm a 9141: h: Iliue.
SUMEDNE Mir-i, EMPATHIER
Prejudice: The Ubiquitous Social Phenomenon Prej
udice is a widespreadphenomenon, present in all walks of
life. People can be the targets ofprejudice for any num-
ber of reasons, including their race or ethnicity, gender,
Course Materials: Texts
Funder, The Personality
Puzzle, 6th Edition.
Theories of Personality
Handbook. (Custom Courseware)
Avenue to Learn:
shown to others; the
Instinct for social
conformity; the desire
to please others
Albert Bandura and Walter Mischel
Personality consists of patterns of behavior
Emphasizes experience and learning
Influenced by John B. Watson and B.F.
Dr Schmidt lecture-May 14, 2012
In his lab he worked with three groups of children who were in the first 6 months of their
infancy. First group responded positively to stimuli, the other responded negatively to stimuli
while the last group did not respond
Freuds idea is about how the human mind works which has now become an accepted part of
society. During Freuds time you were not allowed to express your feelings, if you were sad you
could not just pour out your tears on someone elses shoulder
Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers
Stresses uniqueness of each individuals
experience of the world, and the need to
understand that unique perspective if we are to
understand the individual (idiographic
Carl Rogers (1902-1987)
-Born in Oak Park, Illinois, the fourth of six children
-parents were very conservative protestants
-studied agriculture, then history as a better background for the
1922, served as one
-Final exam will be in MDCL 1110
-Two tests are 1 hour each and the exam
will be 2 hours.
-15%-20% of the material in the textbook
will be on the tests and exam.
-The lectures are unique from readings they
are NOT derived from readings so do the
Notes for the Evolutionary Approach (Slide Titles in Bold)
How can we test this hypothesis?
Do females who secure wealthier males have higher fitness than females whose mates provide
fewer material benefits?
This hypothesis was tested in societies that re
Notes for the Biological Approach Part II
We can use family and twin studies to estimate the role of genetics in a number of
phenotypic measures. For example, we know the degree of
genetic similarity among 1st degree, 2nd degree, and 3rd degree relatives.
The Biological Approaches to
Part I: The Anatomy and Physiology
The brain and personality-brain imaging techniques
(e.g., PET, fMRI, EEG)
Biochemistry of personality (neurotransmitters,
Psychology 2B3: Theories of Personality
Course Outline, January - April 2016
Course Hours and Instructor Contact Information:
Time: Mon., Wed., 8:30; Fri. 10:30 pm
Web site: http:/intropsych.mcmaster.ca/psych2b3
and Avenue to Learn
The Tale Attitude Change Approach
The effeztitreness of persuasive commun i:a-
tions depend s on who Elys what to whom.
Whohe Source ofthe
Commun icat it) n
I Credible speakers te.gsthose with obui
ousexpertisei persuade people more
than speakers la:king