Jan 9 notes and on.
Stereotype Formation Role of Categorization
- Where did they come from?
o Knowing that helps us know why they are hard to get rid of
- We all engage in categorization
- We categorize everything
Psych 3cd3 February 14th
Factors Associated with Stereotype Use (16 minutes in)
Overview: When do we use stereotypes?
Do we actually have to use that information when judging people; do we
always use that information?
Therefore what types of situations.
Factors Associated With Stereotype Use Continued.
o So far Bodenhausen et al. have tested ideas associated with cog. Load and arousal
Mood state and information processing (any mood except for sadness)
o Increased use of heuristics
o Less analy
Donald Trump has a plan to pay off the national debt, grant a middle class a tax cut, and
keep Social Security afloat and tax rich people like himself. Trump is proposing a onetime "net worth tax" on individuals and trusts worth $10 million or more. As pe
1. List and define these 4 types of attachment, describing the child and how they behave as
a result of the attachment style.
2. Discuss the types of parenting behavior that contribute to each type (you will have to do
some outside research for this).
Views of Donald Trump
Most of the immigrants are responsible for antisocial activities such as drugs,
crime, hooliganism, and rape. Though he didn't have a very strong data to prove
this, he is publicly putting this message from quite some time.
To him, t
The foot-in-the-door technique is the idea that people will be more likely to commit to a larger act if they
are first asked to and agree to a smaller act. This technique uses a persons self-perception and desire to
Germany, France, Russia, Austria-Hungary, and Britain attempting to keep the lid on the
simmering cauldron of imperialist and nationalist tensions in the Balkans to prevent a
general European war. They were successful in 1912 and 1913, but did not succeed
Relative Deprivation Theory of Prejudice
Study: Lynchings of blacks between 1882 and 1930
Lynching is rounding up of blacks and killing them
Average 60/year, but yearly lynchings varied from 7 155
Years with high lynchings = low cotton prices. Many whi
Lecture 16 February 13th, 2013
Theories of Prejudice
o Deprivation and prejudice
Lynchings between 1882 and 1930(Hovland & Sears, 1940)
Where people round up black people and kill them (over 4000 lynchings)
Named after a judge who
ID- Identity SE- Self
Social ID Theory
- Why did Sherifs boys increase IG favouritism just because they saw another group?
Basics: Personal and Social IDs- Any IG your include yourself in will become part of your Social
We prefer positi
intergroup relations deals with how people from different groups relate to each other
(eg. some people get excluded from things that others get opportunities for)
we live in a culture of straight, white, christian males that get the majority o
Stereotype Formation - Role of Categorization
stereotypes come from automatic, uncontrollable cognitive processes (esp. categoriz ation)
categorization can be helpful because we can tell what we like and what we dont
also categorize people -
can either categorize like me (ingroup) or not like me (outgroup)
special consequence of categorizing people
consequences of categorization - outgroup homogeneity and ingroup heterogeneity
we assume that every
January 16, 2013
Positive Portrayals: Cant win?
Hattie McDaniel, actress from Gone With The Wind, was the first black person to ever
win an Oscar (1939). She was chastised for playing a maid in the film, even though she
was making more money than most whi
Stereotype Threat: Stereotypes are harmful in subtle ways
- knowing there are stereotypes about you and your group can lead you to fulfill the
stereotypes even though you dont want to
Stereotypes and Academic performance
Race predicts drop out rates in t
Lecture 7 January 21st, 2013
Research on Cognitions and Emotions
o Recruited 50% white and 50% black subjects from Stanford university either
threatened them or not
Threat (no task vs. evaluation of ability vs. no evaluation of abilit
How Useful are Stereotypes - Efficiency
given that stereotypes arent that accurate, why do we keep using them? - dont al ways learn that theyre inaccurate, or they save us cognitive effort (heuristics)
why would we want to preserve our cogniti
Theories of Prejudice
Realistic Group Conflict Theory
2 groups in negative interdependence- end up hating each other
Member of other group taking away something that you want
Loser and a winner for each group
Positive interdependence- decrease in prej
Psych 3CD3 LECTURE 10
Monday January 28th 2013
We want to keep our stereotypes but dont want to know that were keeping
Mechanisms for Maintenance?
Role of Dissonance: