1. Aged abnormal or damaged red blood cells
Natural degeneration of RBC
2. Macrophage (in spleen, live or lymphatic tissue)
Separation of components
Globin: proteinrecycling amino acids
Heme: iron
CHAPTER 20- The Cardiovascular System: The Heart
Choose the single best answer to each of the following questions.
1) The heart
A) lies just inferior to the diaphragm.
B) lies lateral to the lungs.
C)
Chapter 24: Digestive System
Multiple Choice
1.
Which of the following is a function performed by the digestive system?
A)
cellular respiration
B)
food selection
C)
elimination of undigested food
D)
r
Chapter 21: Cardiovascular System: Peripheral Circulation
and Regulation
Multiple Choice
1.
Systemic blood vessels transport blood
A)
from the left ventricle through the body to the left atrium.
B)
fr
Chapter 17: Functional Organization of the Endocrine System
Multiple Choice
1.
The endocrine system
A)
releases neurotransmitters into ducts.
B)
secretes chemicals that reach their targets through the
4
Konigs Lemma
information, and one working from the point of view of much more limited information, and shows that they actually say the same thing.
As with all if and only if theorems, there are two
8
Konigs Lemma
Now consider infinite sequences u0 u1 u2 . . . of the digits 0, 1, 2, . . ., k 1. We
will call such sequences k-sequences. Say a k-sequence s is xn -free if there is
no finite sequence,
1.2 Examples and exercises
7
of x such that sx T plus one (to cater for the edge back towards the root), or
just the number of such x if s is the root node.
Exercise 1.12 Prove the following generalis
Contents
Preface
How to read this book
page vii
xii
1
Konigs Lemma
1.1
Two ways of looking at mathematics
1.2
Examples and exercises
1.3
Konigs Lemma and reverse mathematics*
1
1
6
9
2
Posets and maxi
244
SOLUTIONS TO EXERCISES
11.17.
ANOVA for the percent of fatty acids.
Source
d.f.
SS
MS
F
p-value
Between
Within
Total
4
19
23
269.3
964.0
1233.3
67.3
50.7
1.33
0.296
There is no significant differe
CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, So Paulo
Cambridge University Press
The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB2 8RU, UK
Published in the United State
6
Konigs Lemma
Proof Suppose T is an infinite binary tree. For a sequence s of length n let
Ts be cfw_r T : r ! n = s cfw_s ! k : k < n, which we will call the subtree of T
below s. You will be able t
256
APPENDIX TABLES
Table T10.1 (b)
Age
Weight
Fit
LDL
HDL
Table T10.1 (c)
Age
Weight
Fit
LDL
HDL
Variances and Covariances of the measurements.
Age
Weight
Fit
LDL
HDL
126.20
124.36
250.66
328.82
42.1
1.1 Two ways of looking at mathematics
5
Definition 1.5 A tree is a set of sequences T such that for any s T of length
n and for any l < n then s ! l T .
Think of a sequence s T as a finite path start
2
Posets and maximal elements
2.1 Introduction to order
The idea of an order is central to many kinds of mathematics. The real numbers are familiarly ordered as a number-line, and even a collection of
232
SOLUTIONS TO EXERCISES
null hypothesis of equality of the proportions, the estimate of the common proportion
becomes p = 104 + 226 443 = 0 745. The estimate of V p1 p2 is pq
1 n1 + 1 n2 = 0 0019.
266
INDEX
left-sided alternative hypotheses tests
and estimated variance, 7172
and means
null hypothesis, 69
power of the test, 7071
p-value, 70
sample size, 71
proportions and percentages
critical re
Preface
xi
The method of proof of the Completeness Theorem is by Henkinising the
language and then using Zorns Lemma to find a maximal consistent set of
sentences. This is easier to describe to first-
Preface
ix
Thus logic is not only about such connectives as and and or, though the
main systems, including propositional and first-order logic, do have symbols
for these connectives. The power of the
12
Posets and maximal elements
There is another kind of partial order relation corresponding to ! instead of
<. Here, the order relation is allowed to relate equal elements. In other words,
we will al
The Mathematics of Logic
A guide to completeness theorems and their applications
This textbook covers the key material for a typical first course in logic for
undergraduates or first year graduate stu
A. AUXILIARY RESULTS & NOTIONS
169
Finally, cycles can be composed from arbitrary repetitions of primitive cycles, which yields
The arithmetical identity
gives eventually
(4)
as was to be proved.
Form
III. 6. ADDITIONAL CONSTRUCTIONS
157
Baik, Deift, and Johansson [8] have eventually determined its limiting distribution. (The
undemanding survey by Aldous and Diaconis [2] discusses some of the backg
I. 5. TREES AND TREE-LIKE STRUCTURES
53
as verified by a simple asymptotic calculation. With this choice, one has the following
suggestive statement:
A fraction tending to 1 (as
) of boolean functions
Bibliography
1. Alfred V. Aho and Margaret J. Corasick, Efficient string matching: an aid to bibliographic search, Communications of the ACM 18 (1975), 333340.
2. David Aldous and Persi Diaconis, Long
L12: Digestive System
Sunday, February 4, 2018
1:51 PM
Made of 2 groups of organs:
Gastrointestinal (GI) Tract
- Extends from the mouth to the anus (5-7m long)
Would be longer in a cadaver (9 meters
L11: Respiratory System - Ventilation
Friday, February 2, 2018
4:34 PM
Pulmonary Ventilation (Breathing)
- Mechanical flow of air into and out of lungs
- Based on fact that air moves from high pressur
L10: Respiratory System Ctd
Tuesday, January 30, 2018
11:47 PM
Oxygen Transport
- The heme groups on Hgb can carry up to 4 oxygen molecules
- When 4 oxygen are bound, the Hgb is 100% saturated
- Wha
L9: Respiratory System
Monday, January 29, 2018
1:32 PM
3 steps to respiration:
1. Pulmonary ventilation - mechanical flow of air into and out of the lungs
the physical movement
2. External respirat
CS 2: CVD
Tuesday, January 30, 2018
11:45 PM
1. Compare and contrast this trace with what you observed in the ECG traces in your
notes and textbook.
- Elevated T wave
- S-T elevated myocardial inf