PSYCHOLOGY 2AA3: CHILD DEVELOPMENT
Department of Psychology, Neuroscience, and Behaviour
Spring Term 2015
Time: Monday/Wednesday 9:30am-12:30pm
Laura Cirelli (Ph.D Candidate)
Overview: Three Approaches to Moral
Role of the moral emotions (Shame, Guilt, Pride)
Role of reinforcements and punishments
Language Development: Chapter 9
What is Language?
A system that relates sounds (or gestures) to meaning. It differs from
communication that other animals have in 4 ways:
o It has arbitrary units and is therefore symbolic.
Example: The word dog is used to
Psych 2AA3 Lecture 2 Part 1
Behavioural Genetics (Biological vs. Environmental Contributions to Development)
Some Important Concepts
- Genes and environment work together and affect one another
- we think a babys behaviour is due to genes but it actually
Psych 2AA3 Lecture 1 Part 2
- three main designs for studying age effects
- cross sectional
- each design can use any data collection method
- usually correlational or quasi-experimental
Cross sectional: experim
Psych 2AA3 - Child Development
What is Developmental Psychology?
- How do we change (or not) over time?
- Study of how we change or dont change over time: from birth to death
- What types of things do developmental psychology?
- Describe phenomena
Theory- An organized set of ideas that is designed to explain and
make predictions about development.
-Theories lead to hypotheses that are tested
-Testing hypothesis can give theory support or prove it wrong, thus leading
to revised theories.
1.1 Setting the Stage
Child development is a multidisciplinary study of all aspects of
human growth from conception to adulthood.
Well be looking at
Philosophical foundations of child development and how it became a science.
Historical views o
Piagets Theory of Cognitive Development
Piaget is the father of Cognitive Development; how do newborn babies
become cognitive adults? Alfred Binet (before him), invented IQ test was also
interested (shortly after).
Jean Piaget (1896 1980)
Understanding Self and Other
Wednesday June 3rd
Self-Understanding in Infancy
What does self-understanding look like in
Mirror technique research
Originally used in non-human consciousness
research (Gallup, 1970)
Monday June 1st
Temperament and Attachment
Influences on Socio-Emotional
Inborn predisposition to behave in certain ways
First major classification system (Thomas & Chess, 1977)
The Developing Nervous System
Wednesday May 6th
Lightning Speed Heredity Overview!
Most cells have 46 chromosomes
Gametes (eggs and sperm) have 23 chromosomes
Each chromosome contains DNA, which contains
pairs of nucleotide bases (
Midterm Marks are Up
Class average: 74%
Midterm Response Sets are posted in Grades
Master Key Response set posted in News
I will post midterm viewing sessions in the discussion. Sign
up for your 15-min slot. Only 15 students can sign up for
Psych 2AA3: Child Development
Lecture 6: Wednesday, May 27th
Human are only species that have language, others animals have methods of communication, but
they dont fall under the same definition of language
Theories of Cognitive
Piagets big question
What is knowledge?
Where does it come from?
Piagets Theory of Cognitive
Development: Key Ideas
Do kids process information as effectively as
The information processing model
Information processing in infants
Information processing in older children
Working memory capacity a
All MC Examinations/Midterms
Course ID: cirelli43643
What is Developmental Psychology:
o Describe Look at the typical infant and look at how behavior changes over
the life span. What are the milestones that we go through. Transition from
infant to adoles
Being part of a group
Fairness and resource allocation
Recognizing relationships in others
Being Part of a Group
Ingroup: Social group to which a
Opportunity for Bonus Mark
1% on your final grade for 1 hour of
Monday May 11th
Info received by sense organs
i.e. the brain receives input f
Basic Sensory and Perceptual Processes
Sensory organs serve as adaptive functions (i.e. the ability to recognize your own
mothers voice, the ability to eat).
Babies can eat solid food and like the taste of salty foods at 6 moths of age.
Research Methods in Developmental Psychology
Monday September 12th
o Survey studies
Parent, teacher and peer reports
o The problem of retr