29/09/2013
Lecture 7 Measurement of Angles/Total Station
1
29/09/2013
Outline
Measurement of Angles
Units
Equipment
Closed Traverse
Angle check
Double Angles
Introduction to Total Station for labs
2
29/09/2013
Overview
We have learned how to measure
horiz

CIV ENG 2A03
SURVEYING AND MEASUREMENT
ASSIGNMENT # 1 - LEVELING
Part A Problems 1 and 2 are due at the end of the tutorial session
Part B Problems 3 and 4 are due Monday, September 28, 2009 @ 4:30 p.m.
Problem 1
Prepare a set of profile notes for the sur

Lecture 17 Cut and Fill 3 and Introduction to
GPS
Outline
Updated techniques to Cut and Fill
Topography and incorporation of
computational techniques
Introduction to GPS
Review of Mass Diagram:
One of the issues with using an
elevation profile to try to g

Lecture 8 Closed Traverse error corrections
Outline
Review of Degree:Min:Seconds
Brief Review of Total Station
Dealing with the traverse - Angular
Errors
Dealing with a closed traverse
Latitudes and Departures
Linear error of closure and corrections
Area

06/10/2013
Lecture 9 Closed Traverse error corrections, Open
Traverse and Surveying Techniques with Angles
1
06/10/2013
Outline
Dealing with a closed traverse
Linear error of closure and corrections
Area Calculations
Open Traverse
Practical Surveying diff

Lecture 11 Laying out Horizontal Curves
Outline
Calculations for the Horizontal Curve
Laying out the Horizontal Curve
Example
Moving up the curve cfw_due to
obstructions
Example from Last Class
Given:
D = 1251
R = 400 m
PI @ 0 + 241.782
Calculate the stat

17/09/2013
Lecture 4 Leveling
1
17/09/2013
Outline
Introduction to Leveling
Benchmarks and Differential Leveling
Basic Leveling tools
Concept of earth curvature and
surveying assumptions
Establishment of basic terms and
procedures
Peg Test
2
17/09/2013
Le

Lecture 10 Open Traverse and Introduction to
Horizontal Curves
Outline
Open Traverse
Surveying Issues with Angles
Introduction to Horizontal Curves
Definitions
Mathematical review of curves
Chords and Chord lengths
Finding BC and EC
Open Traverse
Obviousl

09/09/2013
Lecture 2 Pacing, Taping and Distance
1
09/09/2013
Outline
Quick review of error information from
last class
Where surveying interacts with a civil
engineering project
Means of measuring distance
Pacing
Taping
Common Taping errors and correctio

11/09/2013
Lectures 3 Breaking Tape and EDM
1
11/09/2013
Outline
Tape Temperature Correction from last
class
Lap Preparation Field Notes
Breaking Tape
Electronic Distance Measurement
(EDM)
2
11/09/2013
Recall from last class this
example:
This was greatly

22/09/2013
Lecture 5 Leveling Techniques
1
22/09/2013
Outline
Revisit the Peg Test
Error propagation
Example of how we would perform a
survey leveling
Multiple setup leveling
2
22/09/2013
Back to the peg test
Purpose of the Peg test is to check if
there i

TO:
FROM:
DATE: November 22nd, 2014
SUBJECT: Creating topographic survey to show the elevations of a given area
Starting at a benchmark and finding elevations around the given area with a level
and meter stick will get the elevations relative to the known

Lecture 14
Vertical Curves
Outline
Defining vertical curves
How are vertical curves different from
Horizontal Curves
Analysis of a vertical curve
Defining a Vertical Curve
BVC, PVI, EVC, g1, g2, L, A
How are vertical curves and
horizontal curves differen

07/09/2013
Lecture 1 - Introduction
1
07/09/2013
2
07/09/2013
Ok, So who am I?
Paul Heerema
Sessional Lecturer with the department of
Civil Engineering
Full-time Technician at the ADL
Office is ADL 108
3
07/09/2013
Who is assisting with the course?
Shawn

CIV ENG 2A03
SURVEYING AND MEASUREMENT
ASSIGNMENT # 1 Statistics, Error/Significant Figures
(Posted Sept 12, 2016)
Assignment Due Date: Friday, September 23th, 2016 to the JHE Drop Boxes (4pm)
Problem #1
Note: Q2.15 is asking you to provide the answer in

ql'(
q
I
I
h)
5?,t
o
S"i-e
I
I
I
t
5Te
p
p
2,
l*
i
I-z
cQ.S
/
I
I
I
LAr'
l(5.5f
,/"
4Z.U
L)
'27a"-
't:"
*Bt.'i
I
) o:.-
r
cfw_
I
'"l*,
*
8?,1 Z
C
re
r
A roo'S.:
t\'-r4*.
/DrVArzTuvaq
cfw_- ]5.So
or tl
0to
\.r,"4cfw_or1'
loqo+z!t"(
ozol zl t r'l
tL-. ) ,u"

Lecture 15 Earth Volumes Cut and Fill
Outline
Road construction volumes, Cut and Fill
Volume calculations
By Cross-sectional area
What is the scope?
Any major highway, subdivision,
industrial building, bridge construction
will need a certain amount of ear

Lecture 18 GPS Accuracies and Surveying
Techniques
Outline
Point positioning
Relative positioning
Services such as Wide Area Augmentation
System
Survey-level GPS Technology
Carrier-phase distance measurement
Differential measurements
Real-time and post-p

Lecture 22 Measurement II
Outline
Measurement
Strain and Load Cell review
Testing system architecture
Calibration factors
Measurement of strain using displacements
System architecture
Specimen
Sensor
Data Acquisition (DAQ) essentially a
voltmeter that can

Lecture 21 Statistics III and
Introduction to Measurement
Outline
Statistics
Review of Normal Distribution
When do we use it?
Effects of external variables
How we calculate probabilities
Measurement
Review of Significant figures
Typical measured variab

Lecture 19 Introduction to
Statistics
Outline
Introduction to Statistics
Discrete Values
Mean, Median
Standard Deviation
Normal Distribution
Confidence Intervals
Outlier Check
Everyone loves Statistics!
Statistics is the science of learning from data,

Lecture 12 Horizontal Curves and
Topography
Outline
Review of Horizontal Curve layout
Topography
2D elevation profile
Contours
Methodology to create topographic map
Horizontal Curve Steps
Given R, D and PI, calculate station
location of BC and EC.
For eve

Lecture 16 Earth Volumes Cut and Fill 2
Outline
Mass Diagram
Area calculation Techniques
Trapezoid rule
Simpsons 1/3 rule
Volume by using Cross-sectional
Areas
At two adjacent stations, the area of cut
(negative) or fill (positive) is calculated.
For exam

Lecture 13 Triangulation and Topography
Outline
Delaunay Triangulation to create a
contour map cfw_Example
Steps to properly gathering data in the
field.
Delaunay Triangulation
Steps:
1. Join all the exterior points to create a perimeter
around all of the

Civil Engineering 2A03 Fall 2016
Surveying and Measurement
LAB #1 ESTIMATION AND TAPING
BACKGROUND
The Director of McMasters Physical Plant has an interest in the use of porous pavements on
campus, and has received a grant from the provincial government t

Civil Engineering 2A03 2016
Surveying and Measurement
LAB # 4 HORIZONTAL CURVE
BACKGROUND
In this lab we will be laying out a horizontal curve. We will be using the total station as a
theodolite (for angles only) and taping out the curve using a tape meas

Civil Engineering 2A03 2016
Surveying and Measurement
LAB # 2 LEVELING
BACKGROUND
The Director of McMasters Physical Plant would like to encourage cycling by members
of the McMaster community, and has constructed a 2 m wide bike path from the gate
near th

CIV ENG 2A03 Fall 2013
SURVEYING AND MEASUREMENT
ASSIGNMENT # 4
Assignment Due Date: Monday, December 2, 2013 to the JHE Drop Boxes by 4 pm.
Question #1
In a calibration test, 10 measurements using a digital voltmeter have been made of the
voltage of a po

Civil Engineering 2A03 2016
Surveying and Measurement
LAB # 3 TRAVERSE
BACKGROUND
The Department of Civil Engineering has recently received funding for retrofitting the
Applied Dynamics Laboratory (ADL) and will include the addition of one or more side
ex

Civil Engineering 2A03 2016
Surveying and Measurement
LAB # 5 TOPOGRAPHICAL SURVEY
BACKGROUND
A topographic survey is to be conducted around the trail and creek area that was surveyed
in lab #2. The topographic mapping should extend from the parking lot,