Sports and Children: Are Organized Programs Worth the Effort?
Origins of Organized Youth Sports
-Organized youth sports emerged in the 20th century
-The first programs focused on masculinizing boys
-Organized youth sports grew rapidly in many in
Why do Athletes Engage in Deviant Overconformity?
-Sports are so exhilarating and thrilling that athletes will do almost anything to continue
to do so
-Being selected to play sports is more likely when athletes over conform to the sport ethic
Question 1: People in the sociology of sport use their research and understanding to
develop an understanding of:
*Social worlds created around sports
-Physical environments in which sports are played
-Differences between top athletes and others who play
Chapter 2: Using Social Theories
How Can They Help Us Study Sports in Society?
-Theories are based on questions about why the world is the way it is, and on ideas about
how it might be different
-Theories involve a combination of
Why Study Sports as Social Phenomena?
-Sports activities and images are part of peoples lives
-Sports are connected with ideologies in society
-The viewpoints that underlie peoples feelings, thoughts, and actions
-Sports are connected with major spheres o
Sports are Social Phenomena
-Sports are related to the social and cultural contexts in which we live
-Sports provide stories and images used to explain and evaluate these contexts
-Sports provide a window into culture and society
-Is a tool for
Chapter 7: Violence in Sports
How Does it Affect Our Lives
Definition of Violence
-Use of excessive physical force, which causes or has the potential to cause
Violence Is Institutionalized in Some Sports
-In non-contact spor
Chapter 6: Deviance in Sports:
Is it Out of Control?
Problems Faced When Studying Deviance in Sports
-Forms and causes of deviance are diverse, and no single theory can explain them
-Actions accepted in sports may be deviant in other social situations
How Do Social Factors Influence Youth Sport Experiences?
-Participation opportunities vary by social class
-Encouragement often varies by gender and ability/disability
-Self-perceptions and social consequences of participation vary by social class, gender
Coakleys Findings (1992)
Burnout among elite adolescent athletes was most likely when:
-High performance sports were organized so that athletes had little control over their lives
-Sport involvement was perceived to interfere with accomplishing important
Chapter 4: Sports and Socialization
Who Plays and What Happens to Them?
-Active process of learning and social development
-Occurs as we interact with others
-Involves the formation of ideas about who we are and what is important in our live
Chapter 10: Social Class
Do Money and Power Matter in Sports?
-Refers to categories of people who share a similar economic position in society based on
a combination of their:
Chapter 8: Gender and Sports
Does Equity Require Ideological Changes?
Participation and Equity Issues
-Participation by girls and women has increased dramatically since the early 1980s
-Government equal rights legislation
Chapter 9- Race and Ethnicity
Are They Important in Sports?
Defining Race and Ethnicity
-Race refers to a category of people regarded as socially distinct because they share
genetic traits believed to be important by people with power and influence in soc
Chapter 2: Using Social Theories
-Those who study sports in society want to understand the social and cultural contexts in
which sports exist and how those contexts are influenced by sports
-We also want to understand the social worlds that people create
Chapter 1: The Sociology of Sport
What is Sociology?
-Focus on the deeper game associated with sports, the game through which sports
become an integral part of the social and cultural world in which we live
-Sports are more than just games, they are also