0 / 1 point
Which of the following is the best example of mirror neurons at work?
A) An astronaut practicing a space-walk in the pool.
B) A basketball player training by imagining making free-throw shots.
C) A Caledonian crow learning to
1 / 1 point
What is the difference between an evolutionary psychologist and a developmental psychologist?
Evolutionary psychologists study populations that lived millions of years ago while
developmental psychologists look a
1 / 1 point
Which of the following correctly outlines the language explosion?
Within the first several months of development, the infant exponentially develops
knowledge of language, as shown through orienting their head toward voices.
1. Which of the following social psychology experiments would raise the most significant ethical
An experiment that involves subjects witnessing a fake lottery winner to observe how individuals
react to situations of extreme happiness
Practice Quiz 8 Attention
1. Which of the following statements is true of attention and selection?
Attention is the automatic direction of cognitive resources to a select portion of the
Controlled attention processes are slow, effortful
NOTES 3. CLASSICAL CONDITIONING
UNIT 1: INTRODUCTION TO LEARNING
-There's conscious learning (studying or reading) and there's instinctive, unconscious learning
Two Types of Learning: (unconscious learning)
Classical Conditioning: The learning o
NOTES 5.0 PROBLEM SOLVING
Intelligence is the cognitive ability of an individual to learn from experience, reason well, remember
important information, and cope with demands of daily living. Two assumptions:
1)Intelligence involves the ability to perform
PSYCH 1X03 TEXT 1.0 LEVELS OF ANALYSIS
SECTION 1: History of Psychology
Psychology began with philosophical questions about behaviour and the mind and
developed into objective tests of these very questions.
-Western psychology ca
Attention must be modeled as a phenomenon to design experiments with testable hypotheses.
Stated that everyone knows what attention is. The ability to withdraw from certain things to deal with
other things more effectively.
CATEGORIES AND CONCEPTS
-Making sense of the world and taking appropriate action on an individual basis is done by using two
1) Attention: Helps focus finite mental resources on key parts of the active scene
2) Memory wh
PSYCH NOTES 1
LEVELS OF ANALYSIS
UNIT 1. What is Psychology?
Psychology the study of ourselves: Human thoughts and behaviour
Psychology is similar to all other sciences in the way that it includes experimentation/ proof/ hypotheses/
Nov. 23, 2014
Influence of Others II
- purpose of study: to examine effect of punishment on learning
- subject is designated as teacher and confederate is the learner
- learner is connected to shock electrodes while the teach
PSYCH 1X03 10.0 FORMING IMPRESSIONS
Its difficult to accurately attribute intentions to observed actions because for every
observed behaviour, there are a many possible motivating factors.
-Attribution (from memory): How do you assign cause and effect to
CHAPTER 2 READINGS- Research Methods in Psychology
The Field of psychology is firmly based on the use of the scientific method and empirical accuracy in the
formulation of theories.
The Scientific Method
-The scientific method is a formal
CHAPTER 3 READINGS- Learning
[This note will account for both CLASSICAL CONDITIONING & INSTRUMENTAL CONDITIONING]
-Overtime, subjects will become more tolerant to drug prescriptions after each trial in a particular environment.
-This is b
INFLUENCE OF OTHERS -11
SECTION 1. Presence of Others
Norman Triplett observed that cyclists had better times when racing against others at the
He hypothesized that the mere presence of others was an important variable in the
Introduction to Memory
Memory is the fundamental cognitive mechanism that allows you to encode,
store, and retrieve information.
Problems with Memory Metaphors
-Metaphors include, a video camera, a filing cabinet, and a computer
10.0 TEXT FORMING IMPRESSIONS
We define ourselves by others, we look to others for guidance on what to do, we act
differently around others compared to alone, and we sometimes help or harm others.
Showing off for Mates
-Iredale et als research
PSYCH 1X03 WEB 6.0 LANGUAGE
Language: (acronym: RAPS)
1) A language is Regular: Governed by rules and grammar.
2) Language is Arbitrary. (Its physical sounds do not necessarily imply direct meanings)
3)Language is Productive. There are almost limitless wa
NOTES 2. RESEARCH METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY 1
1. Understand scientific methods to research
2. Apply experimental design to evaluate a hypothesis
3. Use proper control groups and sampling techniques to improve experiment results.
9.0 TEXT- MEMORY
Sensory and Short Term Memory
-The role of memory is invaluable to all daily functioning and processes such as
encoding, storage, and retrieval are essential to successful memory operation
Sensory Memory represents brief, t
NOTES 2.1 RESEARCH METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY 2
1) Summarize and observe trends in data using descriptive statistics
2) Evaluate the effects of an experimental manipulation using inferential statistics
3) Understand how observational studie
Psych 1X03: Exam Review
Unit 1: Introduction and Levels of Analysis
Levels of Analysis
Perspectives in Psychology
Watson and the Black Box
Ivan Pavlov (dog experiment)
Law of stimulus r
Categories and Concepts
Attention: helps to focus finite mental resources on key parts of the active scene
Memory: helps recall specific thoughts and behaviours, appropriate to your current needs
cognitive ability to
Quiz 7 Categories and Concepts
1 / 1 point
According to our understanding of categories and problem solving, which of the following is most likely?
A child is unable to solve an insight problem because she has not yet acquired the ability to
Quiz 2 Research Methods
Which of the following is an advantage of a within-subjects design?
1 / 1 point
A) Prevents practice effects from occurring due to subjects being tested in both conditions.
B) Minimizes the possibility of co
Quiz 5 Problem Solving
0 / 1 point
A certain clinical assessment of narcissistic personality tendencies is comprised of a wide range of questions that, in a very covert way, cover the
entire range of symptoms and tendencies related to clinical
Quiz 1 Levels of Analysis
0 / 1 point
While sitting under an apple tree, Laurence looked up and saw an apple falling towards him. After he quickly rolled away, he
wondered what combination of brain areas was allowing him to perform such behavio
Quiz 6 Language
0 / 1 point
Which of the following is NOT true of language production?
A) Accents within a language result from the use of different phonemes within that language.
Segmentation is an ability dependent on the development of la
MODULE 10: FORMING IMPRESSIONS
Correspondent Inference Theory: Tells us whether ones behaviour is
typical of that person. We attribute others behaviours based on three
Degree of choice: Whether the person chose to act the
MODULE 9: MEMORY
Psychologists have used the metaphors of a video camera, a filing
cabinet, and a computer to describe memory.
o These models assume that experiences can be stored in their
original form. In these models, the stored data is identical to
MODULE 11: INFLUENCE OF OTHERS 2
The subject taught a confederate a list of word associations.
They would later be tested and the subject would administer
what they thought was an electric shock if the learner made a
MODULE 8: ATTENTION
According to William James:
The mind focuses on one out of several possible trains of thought or
The mind must withdraw from some things in order to deal with
When you attend to information, you select it apart from u
MODULE 4: INSTRUMENTAL CONDITIONING
Instrumental Conditioning: The learning of a contingency between
a behaviour and its consequences.
Placed cats inside a puzzle box. If they performed the right action,
they were allowed to leave. Cats would ra