Jan 18, 2011
Agglomeration Forces - encourages the concentration of related economic
activities, which in turn attracts additional firms.
internal economy of scale = decreasing economies of scale.
Geography is concerned with providing an accurate orderly
Mar 15, 2011
BCs development underscores the importance of transportation infrastructures in
overcoming geographic barriers.
British Columbia is a mico-version of the core/periphery model.
Resource activities have played an key
Feb 10, 2011
Canadas pop is one of the youngest of the industrialized world but it is aging at a
especially rapid rate. Consequently we will need to make adjustments over a
shorter time period
There are two scenarios on the horizon:
seniors quality of lif
Jan 20, 2011
Canadas Bio-physical Environments
Canadas physical geography has a distinct regional pattern
Physiography is one dimension of diversity; climate, soils, and vegetation are
another important aspect of Canadas bio-physical diversity. Each of th
Events that have affected the structure of Canadas Space Economy
Founding of the HBC in 1670 in - This functionally brought Ruperts Land into the
Reciprocity Treaty with the US from 1854-66 - allowed for free trade in ag
commodities b/w C
Jan 27, 2011
There are three sources of on-going tension geo-political tensions in Canada
There is general agreement among scientists concerning the Asiatic origins of
native North Americans
Mar 3, 2011.
the GST allowed taxation to switch from the manufacturing sector to the
consumer sector which made sense b/c Canadas economy was moving from an
industrial economy to a post-industrial economy.
the GST replaced a hidden tax on all manufacturin
Feb 15, 2011.
An ethnic group compromises members of a population who share a culture that
is distinct from other groups.
Ethnic groups typically share a common identity
the identity often stems from shared experiences known as galvanizing ev
feb 3, 2011
French English Faultline
see history of Canada notes on Loyalists, Acadian deportation, Quebec Act,
Quiet Revolution, Soveriegnty-Association, Repatriation of the Constitution
Competing visions of Quebec w/i Canada
Partnership b/w two f
Jan 11, 2010
Geography is a broad discipline with three more distinct areas
Human Geography - Economic zones, human locations, cities and city
Physical Geography - rivers, lakes, mountains, land masses
The principal aim of
Feb 3 2009
instability is caused by anything that causes the air by the ground to
become hot and the air aloft to remain cold
solar heating of the earths surface
warm air advection at surface
air moving over a warm surface
Aloft - cold advection and radia
Jan 27 2009
summer humidity - hot humid air with a high dew point and high relative humidity
comes up out of the gulf of mexico and blows north. Hot dry air with a low dew
point and low relative humidity blows east out of the pacific and over the
Mar 3, 2009
the eastern seaboard sees even rain fall events that happen all year and the
west coast sees rainfall during the winter but gets hardly any during the summer
there is a huge difference in the hight of the air column that it takes to
Geog 2015N Lecture notes
jan 13 2009
climate is a long term statistical analysis of what is normal or expected
weather is individual events or conditions at a specific time
atmosphere 78% nitrogen 21% oxygen and other trace gases
temp decreases with altit
Feb 24, 2009
wind barbs point in the direction that the wind is traveling and the barbs
indicate the speed of the wind.
wind speeds are highest over the shortest pressure differences (lines are very
close together on a pressure gradient map)
at the surfac
Mar 17, 2009
thunderstorms have requirements to form
conditional instability - a shallow stable layer sits above a layer of
unstable warm moist air near the ground. eventually the warm unstable
layer erodes the stable air. once it has punched through the
September 12, 08
Geographical Information Systems
- is a set of tools for collecting, storing, reviewing, transforming, displaying, and
analyzing spatial data
- can also be used to display non-spatial data
it is stored in a data base
it is used to sup
Sept, 26 2008
Neoclassical economics become the dominant paradigm of modern economics
Clark and Fisher rebelleled against the dominant classical tradition of David
Ricardo and John Stuart Mills
Clark and Fisher founded the type of economics we use today.
Sept, 22 2008
Economic Geography studies how people earn a living, how livelihood systems
vary by region and how economic activities are interconnected in space.
GMT has been replaced by UTC or Universal Coordinate Time and uses a atomic
Geography is the study of spaces and places as well as the study of spacial
aspects of human existence
-human geography is: urban and regional planning
Physical geography :
Negative feedback (good)- a feedback loop which slows or counters a response
to an input to the system and helps promote self regulation (helps keep system in
balance) e.g. natural predator prey relationship
positive feedback (bad) - a loop tha
Oct, 1 2008
following the demise of Environmental Determinism the regional perspective (RP)
dominated geographic thought
RP emphasized detailed study of a specific region, synthesizing knowledge from
many systematic disciplines.
emphasized areal different
Oct 20 2008
Hydrology is the science and the study of water.
Water demand is increasing through global population growth and industrial
Water pollution is increasing for the same reasons.
Climate change is leading to an increase in droughts is
Oct 6 2008
Urban Geography UG is the intersection of Urban Anthropology, Urban
Sociology, Urban economics and Urban PLanning/Architecture.
what makes UG different is its focus on spatial variation/ areal differences
Inter-Urban -studies system/networks of
Oct, 8 2008
Census Tracts are the areas or regions of a census. it is small and stable usually
have a pop of 2500 to 8000
Censuss give us objective data (how many kids, religion, single parent homes)
but not subjective data (how we feel about our neighbor
Oct, 15 2008
weather and climate
western canada gets about 1 F3-F4 tornado a year.
almost all natural disasters are a result of weather and climate.
temperature - a measure of the heat storage in a substance or matter.
Radiation - the way we get nrg it co