Animal Structure and Function
ch. 20, pp. 412-426, ch. 25, pp. 506-507
study of an organisms structures
from Greek origins:
logos: learned discourse, or lore
the whole of natural history or natural sciences
The life of the cell.
Chapter 2: Atoms, Molecules, and Life
Life requires about 25 chemical elements
occupies space and has mass
composed of chemical elements
substance that cannot be broken
down to other substances by
ATOMS, MOLECULES, AND LIFE
1. What distinguishes a covalent bond from a hydrogen bond?
2. a) What is the difference between hydrophobic and hydrophilic molecules (or hydrophobic
and hydrophilic portions of molecules)? Dont just define these two terms; exp
readings: page 276-277 and 283-286 | Evernote Web
readings: page 276-277 and 283-286
theory of descent with modication was created by darwin based on articial selection, comparisons of geographic
locations/ body structures of species as well as
notes page168-176, 182-185, 188-192 | Evernote Web
notes page168-176, 182-185, 188-192
heredity= transmission of traits from one generation to the next
genetics=scientic study of heredity
heritable feature that varies among individuals= characte
p 138-147, 151-159 | Evernote Web
p 138-147, 151-159
Prokaryotes reproduce by binary ssion
Bianry ssion (dividing in half)
in a typical prokaryote, most of the tenses are carried on a singular DNA molecule that, with associated proteins,
1. In the non-cyclic pathway of the light reactions of photosynthesis, electrons flow through a
series of carriers in the chloroplast.
a) What is the ultimate donor of electrons and what is the ultimate acceptor?
b) What provides the energy
1. True or false?. The concentration of carbon dioxide in air is higher than the
concentration of carbon dioxide in our pulmonary bed.
2. In what form do we transport most of our carbon dioxide in blood?
3. All gas exchange systems have one f
PLANT NUTRITION AND TRANSPORT
1. Why do plants require such a large surface area for gas exchange?
2. Where would you expect to find stomata on the floating leaves of a water lily?
3. Which of the following factors would favour the opening of stomata? a)
PLANT FORM AND FUNCTION
Fill in the following table
# of seed leaves
stem vascular bundles
1. What do bryophytes lack that all other plants possess?
2. Why are seed plants so successful?
3. Which of
1. How many turns of the citric acid cycle are required to account for one molecule of glucose?
2. Why is it fair to say that the citric acid cycle occupies a central role in the cells metabolism?
3. In the following reacti
ANIMAL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
1. Name the four major groups of animal tissue.
2. In the following figure, the boxes represent cells and the black dots represent nuclei. Name
the type of epithelial tissue shown in the diagram and give one common example of
Photosynthesis, ch. 7, pp. 108-116, 118
use light energy to drive the synthesis of organic molecules from CO2 and water
source of organic compounds for non-autotrophic organisms
producers of biosphere heterotrophs = consumers
Cellular Respiration, ch.6, pp. 89-103
Photosynthesis and cellular respiration
provide energy for life
sunlight + CO2 + H2O glucose + O2
glucose + O2 CO2 + H2O + energy
some energy is lost as heat
Figure 6.1 The co
ch. 22, pp. 453-463
Respiratory structures and strategies:
animals exchange gases through moist surfaces
Breathing ventilates the lungs
Blood transports respiratory gases
Phases of gas exchange
transport of gases by
Plants: Form & Function
Plant Nutrition & Transport
Sections 32.1-32.5; 32.13-32.14
How Cells Harvest Chemical Energy
Biological molecules, Chapter 3
Why is carbon so important in biological
lack carbon (e.g. water
and salt) or lack hydrogen
atoms (e.g. carbon