Chem 100 Final Study Guide for Chapters 1-8, 11
Chapter 1: Chemistry
Science: Reproducible, Testable, Tentative, Predictive, and Explanatory
o The scientific method, from hypothesis to law, theory, or model.
Science and Technology: Risks and Benefits
Chemistry: Introduction 8/26/2013 4:00PM-5:15PM
-chemistry: study of mater and its changes. Matter: Mass and volume.
SCIENCE AND TECH* -Technology: direct application of knowledge to solve problems.
-Science: grew out of natural
Attractive forces between positive and
negative ions. Results when electrons are
transferred from a metal to a non-metal.
A bond formed when two atoms share one or
more pairs of electrons.
Chemistry: Chapter 2: Atoms:
.The word atom comes from the Greek atomos, meaning indivisible
.Atoms are the key to connecting the macroscopic and microscopic worlds.
.An atom is the smallest identifiable unit of element.
.The three most important laws tha
Chem 100 Exam 1 Study Guide(Ch 5-8):
You should be able to do the following:
Identify an unbalanced chemical equation and be able to balance the equation.
Determine the volumes for gases that react, using a balance equation for a chemical reaction
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Kenneth Dang, Pages 387-392
Men and women have many different sexual attitudes and behaviors, and mainly is it
because of its biological sex and gender. There is a difference between a biological sex and a
The Gas Laws
Kinetic Molecular Theory of a Gas
1. The particles of a gas are in rapid constant
2. The particles of a gas are tiny compared to the
distance between them.
3. There is little attraction between the particles of
Chem 100 Exam 1 Can you questions (Ch 1-4):
Identify the difference between:
Express a number in scientific notation
Report measured quantities to the right number of digits
Count significant digits
Potential energy; energy of position or stored energy
Kinetic energy: motion
Energy and the life support system
The biosphere is a thin film of air, water and soil where life exists.
Photosynthesis: produces oxygen and stores energy for all animals on the
Posted Online Chapter 14 12/2/13
High Heat of Vaporization:
Specific Heat: is the amount of energy necessary to raise
.Dissolved minerals: cations and anions (Calcium magnesium and iron salts cause hard water)
Chem 100 Activity Chapter 5
1) Balance the equation:
a) Fe + O2 Fe2O3 4Fe + 3O2
b) Cu + AgNO3 Cu(NO3)2 + Ag Cu + 2AgNO3
Cu(NO3)2 + 2Ag
c) NaCN + H2SO4 Na2SO4 + HCN 2NaCN + H2SO4
Na2SO4 + 2HCN
2) Problem 5.16: Write balanced equations for the follow
The lithosphere: organic and inorganic
Meeting our needs: from stick to bricks
Depended on our ability to extract from Earth materials to sustain and enrich our lives.
Silicates and the shapes of things: table 12.3*
Quarts: is a silicon dioxide (SiO_2). M
Cadmium (Cd2+) is a naturally occurring toxic heavy metal that has
been widely dispersed throughout the environment due to its
extensive use in industrial processes1. Cd2+ is a well-known
carcinogen and is among the leading toxic agents detected in the
Chem 100 Activity Chapter 7
1. Which of the following is the correct balanced equation for the
neutralization of barium hydroxide with hydrochloric acid?
Ba(OH)2 + 2 HCl BaCl2 + 2 H2O (Correct Answer)
BaOH2 + 2 HCl BaCl2 + H2O
Ba(OH)2 + HCl Ba
Chem 100 Activity Chapter 8
1. Indicate whether the reactant in each of the following partial equations is
being oxidized or reduced.
Fe Fe3+ Oxidized, loss of electrons
H2O O2 Oxidized, loss of hydrogen atoms
Sr Sr2+ Oxidized, loss of elec
Chapter 17: Food
*Energy in Biological System:
Green plants contain chloroplast
*The Food we eat
Contain carbohydrates fats portions vitamins and minerals:
Carbohydrates: The function of carbohydrates in the body is primary as a a source of energy
Chem 100 Exam 3 Study Guide(Ch 15, 17, 12, 13, 14):
You should be able to do the following:
Chapter 15: Energy
Define energy and know SI unit.
Classify chemical reactions and physical processes as exothermic or endothermic.
List factors that affect the ra
Exam 3 Review List of Topics
From exam 2 material:
It may also help to review line structures (although this wont be emphasized on for exam 3)
It may also help to review intermolecular forces
Identifying acids and bases (strong vs. weak)
HA + H2