Psy. 302 First day notes
What is learning?
- acquiring knowledge to make better judgement
- understanding concepts
- retaining information in its original form
- learn what to do and what not to do
- learning cause and effect
- using prior knowledge to cr
Exam 1 Practice
1. Stepping on a nail is likely to result in a(n)
a. flexion response
b. orienting response
c. startle response
d. fixed action pattern (pg. 86)
2. Reflexes that are controlled by a reflex arc are very _ because the neural impulses control
Ch. 4 Classical Conditioning: Basic Phenomena and Various Complexities
Three Limitations to Classical Conditioning
- Compound Stimulus: multiple CSs
- theres not always one CS, there are other CSs outside of the conditions you are trying to control,
SR model unlikely to be true
if you orient more strongly to a NS, youll learn more
probably related to the CS (speculation)
different asymptotes > one of the US is not as strong for one of the individual as it is for the other
as conditioning develops, yo
Neurons speak two languages:
with each other
Action potentials (electrical)
within a neuron
1. Dendrites receive neurotransmitter
Study Guide Midterm 1
Chapter 1 Intro
Nature vs. Nurture (associated with the learning curb)
The debate: researchers argue about whether our nature, including genes, or our
nurture, including upbringing and environment, has the greater
Learning & Synaptic Plasticity
Learning involves physical changes in neural
Long term potentiation (LTP)
Synaptic transmission becomes more effective
Strong stimulation from a chemical prepares or
potentiates that neuron.
Split brain patients
What is the difference between contralateral
and ipsilateral processing?
When is rote memorization not enough?
What happens at encoding?
How do we get information out in the world
into our heads?
Study Guide Learning and Memory Final Exam
The Philosophy of Mind
Identify tips on improving ones memory.
Cognitive strategies: has to do with the different things that you can do to help you remember
In response to behaviorism, cognitive
approach seeks to understand thinking,
language, reasoning perception.
What goes on inside the black box?
Cognitive Approach: Principles
Focus on mental processing: Mental processes cannot be dire
Loftus and colleagues have shown that memories can be
modified and manipulated after encoding.
Wade et al. photoshopped kids into photos of events in which
they had never really participated.
After viewing the pho
The Psychology of Learning &
Learning & Memory
in Pop Culture
Learning & Memory in Pop
Typically seen as examples of how memory
Many times in psychology, we learn more
from the way things go wrong then when
things are fu
PSY 101 Review Aid for Exam #1
- This exam covers Topics 1-5.
- Any and all information presented as part of these course topics (e.g., from
readings, lectures, handouts, or films) may be on the exam.
What is psychology?
- the s
1. Personality Type A/B
Impatient, irritable, always in a hurry, element of hostility, control freak
-Sees the world as a zero sum situation (meaning like a poker game there is one
person that is the winn
SOME QUESTIONS FROM THE UNIT 1 EXAM
The exam consists of 35 multiple-choice questions (plus 2 bonus questions) with four alternatives per question
(no book, no notes, no laptop). Its a 1-hour exam and it ends at 2:00, after which