Chapter2:PerceptionsofEnvironmentforTourismandEthicalIssues Environment o Surroundings o ObjectiveSystemsnature o PerceivedSurroundingsbelongingandhome Christianitygoodandbadofenvironments(baddominion,goodstewardship) Indigenousbeliefinterconnectednessbet
Actors and Interest Groups:Hosts
-Term paper is due WEDNESDAY
Tourism as an Agent of Change
Are negative cultural impacts.
o An inherent (non-fixable) element of tourism?
o Something requiring management solutions?
If sowhose responsibility?
GEOG 3490-Week 1
1. Travel to local city, visit and shop in the markets, meet locals
2. Family trip. Motivation to go to the town was to explore different
kinds of living and experience new culture
3. Positively impacts the Cuban econo
Mass tourism-> New tourism?
-modernism/post-modernism (cultural shifts)
-fordism/post-fordism (economic shift)
-impacts of mass tourism (negative impacts)
M&M disagree that impacts of mass tourism led to new tourism-> why?
We believe that this growth in n
-World Trade Organization
-Regional development banks
-Bilateral aid agencies
Promote free movement of capital and goods
Based on US monetary system
In Class Activity
Life in Debt: Set in Jamaica
IMF- international monetary fund established 1944-1945 at Bretton Woods
used for short term funds after WW2 to provide economic sustainability
Stanley-director deputy of IMF (suggested they just provided advi
Term guest- what does it imply?
-sense of welcoming, hosting
-does help to remind we are visitors in some one elses home
Critique- Idea you should be catered too, to be hosted and fed, all on the host to give
you a good
Multiple Choice Recap
1. Q: _Theory suggests that all development proceeds in stages of growth, if
they right conditions for investment are created. In contrast _ theory argues
that these broader political and economic conditions are the problem, not the
The Tourism Industry
Levels of Expenditure
Most- flight, accommodation
Some- food, shopping
Least- attractions, entertainment, local transportations
What is the tourism industry?
Actors & Interest Groups: Governments
Why are governments interest in tourism?
Tourism as agent of economic development
-foreign exchange earnings
1. What to do Travelling:
went to beach
-went to pool
-went shopping (looked around city)
-played games (vball etc)
time with family
-time away from home
3. Values of travelling:
Hosts: Local Residents/Communities
Term host- what does it imply?
Why focus on host communities?
-Experience tourism and its impacts (both negative and positive) whether or not
they choose to be involved in industry
GEO TOURISM EXAM
What is Tourism?
Recap Multiple Choice
1. Which of the following people would be included under the UNWTO (1991)
definition of a tourist?
D. A Canadian banker who travels to New York for 3 days on business
2. Which of the following is NOT characteristic of the era of mass