A research report is a written document that communicates the methods and
findings of a research of project to others.
It is a record of the research process.
In addition to findings, the report includes the reasons for initiating the
Lecture 9 Hypothesis Testing
Hypothesis (Significance) Tests
Test claims about a population
o Test if the mean of the population is a specified value
o Test for the difference between two values
Tests are based on the sampling distribution
SOAN*2120 Introductory Research Methods
The relationship between two variables
Scatterplot (correlegram): important role when exploring the relationship between two
o Allow us to identify problem cases, the relationshi
SPSS and Review Lecture (before midterm 2)
Setting up the analysis is most important, should only take an hour. Have to include tables in our
In our project we will have descriptive statistics: which are univariate
Also have a bivariate table whi
Questionnaire generate data by collecting it yourself, but the key is you can create your own questions.
This advantage is huge especially if youre accessing theories.
Have to create your own sampling design, and you have
Final Class Lecture:
Today we will learn about sampling. Chapter 5 has the sampling thing.
Understand the difference between these two sampling
Non probability sampling: Qualitative research you typically do not know your sample size
How do we get data? Through field research. The terminology could be referred to participant
observation, ethnography, it is all the same. And used a lot in Anthropology and based on concept of
naturalism they observe people in natural settings
Lecture for experimental design:
Reviewing methods we use to require the data which is descriptive in nature. The data we get converted
to numerical and it will be analyzed.
We need to understand concept of experimen
Using qualitative methods
Do not know Sample size in advance
Random not inherently a random sampling design
Knowledge of population researchers dont have a strong understanding of the number of
people in th
Understand non (quasi) experimental designs
Understand the similarities and differences between survey research and experimental
Know how the concepts of validity and reliability apply to survey research questions
Three things can help you learn what is the most effective type of study to
pursue for a question:
1. Reading studies that others have conducted on a topic.
2. Grasping issues that operate in qualitative and quantitative approaches to
Cultural knowledge includes symbols, songs, sayings, facts, ways of behaving,
Explicit knowledge includes the social event.
Tacit knowledge includes the unspoken cultural norm for the proper distance
to stand from others.
Data coding means systematically reorganizing raw numerical data into a
format that is easy to analyze using computers.
Codebook is a document describing the coding procedure and the location of
data for variables in a format that computers can
Lecture 8 SOAN
- Statistical inference something means drawing a conclusion from data that
are a random sample
- Probability: allows us to take chance variation to account
- If we dont use rando
Lecture #5 - Research Ethics
Ethics in Social Experiments
The milgram experiments: obedience
o Implications: experimental designs
Ethics in Field Research
The tearoom trade, Humphreys: pretended to be a participant and acted as a lookout
To understand the various ways to acquire survey data
Gain practical experience recoding data
Ways to acquire survey data
1. Create your own Survey
You create your own questions
SOAN Lecture 6 Standard Deviants
Questions from Standard Deviants
1. In a stem and leaf display, the value that come before the decimal is the _, and the value
that comes after is the _
2. The stem and leaf display is like a _ turned on its side
In Your Project You Will Be Required To Include Tables
Table: Descriptive statistics (univariate)
Table: Bivariate statistics (i.e., cross-tabs, comparing means, or correlations).
Before you run any analyses, weig
Final Exam Chapter Reading Breakdown SOAN 2120
Measures of Variation
Rangesubtract lowest number from highest
Percentiletells the score at a specific place within the distribution (Median is the 50 th
Standard Deviation a
Methods January 26th
Qualitative research in book chapter 4
Ethics in social experiments
The Milgram experiments: Obedience
Implications: Experimental designs
-sensitive questions relating values, beliefs, backgrounds
SOAN 2120 Final Exam Review
*A VARIABLE IS ANYTHING THAT VARIES*
Purpose of the course (1 Question)
Quantitative vs. Qualitative (or Categorical) (1 Question)
Types of Variables (1 Question)
Relationship between two var
SOAN 2120 Chapter 2 Theory and Social Research
Sunday, October 18, 2015
The Parts of Theory
Classification concepts: partway between a single simple concept and a theory. They help
to organize abstract complex concepts.
The ideal type is a well
SOAN 2120: Experimental Designs !
very important lecture for the second midterm!
- Learning objectives!
-understand concept of experimental design!
-know the various threats to internal validity!
-to be able to assess the impact of various threa
- non probability sampling
-sample size in advance
-random (do not really need)
-knowledge of population
-mathematical theory (do not need
-types (pg 109)
- probability sampling
-sample size in advance