Classics 3 9/1/14
Minoans: 3000-(2000-1000) BC
Mycenaeans (1600-1000 BC) Schliemann
Mycenaean collapse Dark Age 1100
Dark Age Homer, Iliad 800 BC
Rediscovery of writing.
Starting using iron weapons, Homer represented (a blind poet) a reviv
Clas*2000 Athena & Aphrodite (CH 8-9)
Athena and Arachne
Beating her to death with a loom
Arachne violated the gods by weaving an image that put humans on par with
o She weaved the sexual indiscretions of the gods
Athena Punished Arachn
Goddess associated with maiden hood and virginity
Updated version of Selene and Artemis becomes associated with Artemis
Curvature of the moon tied in with the silvery bow of Artemis
Cycle of the moon associated with cycle of virginity
Clas*2000 Apollo CH. 11
Very attractive and Intelligent
o Homeric Hymn to Apollo
The Birth of Apollo and Artemis
Hera was furious with Zeus and Leto
Hera drove Leto away until Leto found refuge on Delos and Gave birth to
Artemis who helped deliver A
CLAS*2000 Jason & Argonauts
Named after the Argo their ship
Seeking golden fleece of king Aeetes
Ties multiple myths together in this one story in their quest for the golden
Phrixus was recused by a golden ram that sent zeus
o Sacrificed ram to Zeu
Clas*2000 Athena CH. 8
Metis & Zeus were married
o Metis is representative of wisdom
Metis becomes pregnant and Zeus is terrified of children over
Zeus is told one of her children will be greater than Zeus
Zeus Swallows Metis whole while s
Clas*2000 CH. 6: Nature of the Gods
Nature of the Gods
Zeus (moons around Jupiter)
o IO (raped in a cloud of fog)
o Europa (abducted as a bull)
o Callisto (Turned into own daughter)
o The Rape of Ganymede (Zeus turns into giant eagle) Swoops down and
CLAS2000 Lecture 16 Theban Cycle
February 27, 2017 March 03, 2017
Saga: clusters of legends concerning a hero, a family, a tribe, a city or an area
o Grouped into cycles: families of stories
First of which: Theban
Dont forget to change the sails:
Change the black sails for the white sails.
Theseus father believed his son dead due to the black sails and flung himself off a
cliff, thus the aegan sea.
Theseus becomes king,
Pirithous and theseus become fri
- he returned home and showed polydectes the head petrifying him
- reunites dictys and danae, and gives Athena the head of medusa
- Athena wears it on her aegis
- Perseus returns to argos place of birth
- And acrisius flees to go to larciss
aielolos lover and nephew of herakles.
3. must capture the ceryneian hind had to run for a year.
4. erymanthian boar wrestled it.
5. the augean stables must clean the stables of king augean a large stable in one
day. Deverts rivers and it w
Argos great fans of hera.
Hera and Poseidon competed to gain patgernage of argos.
Phoroneus king of argos, choose hera and Poseidon made the rivers
King abas: two sons: proteus king of tiryus and acrisius king of
Achilles and Hector
Hector killed achilles friend/lover patriclus, and Achilles comes back into the war
and fights hector. Hector is defeated by Achilles, but prior to his death they have a
conversation. Hector asks Achilles to honour him with a
When Dionysus returns to his home thebes, the people and penthus, reget his god
and deity. Dionysus disquised as a mortal goes to penthus about the bacchae.
Penthus wants to see what the bacchae are up to. Dionysus gets pentheus to disguse
as a deer. And
Paper= when citing greek sources, when was its translated who translated.
God of wine, rebelling and release.
Need the opposite of nothing in excece
Youthful, slightly feminime
Younger generation of gods
Opposite of Apollo.
Cumaean sibyl (Italy): fell in love with apollos youth and musical. She wants
him for ever. She asks him for as mnay birthdays as there is sand. But doesnt
get the youth
Daphne. Apollo boasted that he was a better archer than eros
Before his marriage to hera, Zeus was married to Metis female wisdom/intellect
- she becomes pregnant, and zeus thinks that the baby may be his downfall, so
he swallows his pregnant wife, and has intergrated female wisdom to Zeuss
stomach. Myth goe
Clas*2000 L.3 CH. 4-5
1. Learn the details of Zeus rise to power and the myths of Titanomachy,
Gigantomachy, and Typhoeus
2. Learn the significant features of Hesiods myth of the Five ages of Man
3. Learn the myths of Prometheus and Pandora
4. Learn about
CLAS*2000 CH.15 Realm of Hades
Views of The Afterlife: Realm of Hades
Minos, Rhadamanthys, and Aeacus (brothers)
o Ones who meet out the fates of the condemned
o Tantalus (between water and food), Ixion (roasted), Sisyphus (carry
Clusters of legends concerning a hero, a family, a tribe, a city, or an area
o Bronze age (end of the bronze age / Mycenaean period)
o Dark age
o Archaic period
o Classical period
Last Time: Troy and Classic History, Greece
Iliad to Odyssey
Helen was abducted by Paris and returned to Troy.
Menelaus spoke to his brother Agamemnon, invasion of a thousand ships
Odysseus and Achilles reluctantly organise it.
Athens should not be
Iliad to Odyssey
Odysseus has a number of sexual adventures on the way home, which was admired by
the Greeks, different standards
Necessary steps of a hero, beds heroines, kills monsters, leads men, etc.
Not critical of him through the ancient len
776 BC represented the first Olympic Games, relationship is directly made to the
Modern Olympics are a secular events, Human aspirations around secular ideas
Ancient Olympics were a religious event
Held every four years, in the
Archaic Period 776-490 BC
People of the Isles of Crete
Later Greeks are a synthesis of Mycenean and Mioan cultures.
Dated to the first Olympiad, ends around 490 when the Greek world comes into conflict
with the East
The Roman Army
Romans find their creativity in combat.
It army is a typical Greek phalanx in the first few centuries of its existence.
Serves them well from their foundation time of Romulus sometime until the 300s.
Romans made their armies as demand
Achilles and Guevara
Guevara taps in to pre-Modern European view white opposing modern European
Mythical characters compare Theseus King of Athens with Romulus, Rounding
King of Rome
Series of lives compares Alexander III (the Gr
Following Marathon, the invading army retreated to Persia and the Athenians returned
triumphant and energized.
Post-Marathon: 486 BC Egypt, had the resultant consequence that he feared:
sparking revolt in the rest of his kingdom.
Gaius Iulius Caesar
Military experience Gallic Wars
Commentarii de Ballo Gallico
After 146, after Romes victory over the Carthaginians, sack and loot
Corinth and Carthage.
Rome puts pressure on the infrastructure of the Republic. Destabilises
Greek Literature: 5th Century
Aeschylus, great writer twho participated I the Persian Wars, wrote at Salamis
On a Trireme that confronted Xerxes
Also wrote on Prometheus, Titan who was creditd with the creation of mankind.
Womankind was created late
Clas*2000 Poseidon 6-7
Poseidon (CH. 7)
Bears a close resemblance to his brothers (Zeus, Hades)
Big thick bodies to suggest power
Ca 460 BC (Unknown)
Unable to identify due to similarity between Zeus, Hades, and Poseidon
Tetradrachm of D