Razi The spiritual Physic
o Abu Bakr Muhammad bin Zakariyya at Razi (c. 864 c. 925 CE) born in Rayy
o Claimed to have written 200 books, on such subjects as: alchemy, astronomy,
grammar, theology, lo
What is Islamic Philosophy?
o It is not the philosophy of the Islamic religion- indeed, that is not even a coherent
o It is different and difficult to define
o Orthodoxy is an Islamic context
o Ortho- meaning straight, dox- meaning beliefs straigh
THE GULISTAN OF SA'DI
by Sheikh Muslih-uddin Sa'di Shirazi (1258)
Translated by Sir Edwin Arnold
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH THE MERCIFUL THE CLEMENT
Laudation to the God of majesty and glory! Obedience to him is a
cause of appro
Arab is a distinct ethnic group. It is also is a language and belongs to the Semitic group.
Three types of Arab people: the city dwellers would live near water, they would also
grow -crops and trade.
Nomads- camel Pastorians. They would travel from wate