September 17,2013 Week #1
Next weeks Termsplayer with spears battle of badr 300 men vs the quraysh ( muslims defeated them) first war
ever to erupt after Islam was introduced
Bir Mauna( spring) - took place 4 months after uhud, prophet (peace be upon him)
The code of the desert
In terms of spirituality the Arabs did not provide much thought, they believed in fatalism
Everything is written ( you are destined by faith )
There was a damnatory form of polytheism
No notion of systematic dogma
Pre Islamic Arabia cont.
When a woman gets married in Arab society she retains her name
Among some tribes a women had the right to divorce simply by turning the tent around
Women did not enjoin equal rights
Bedouin freedom ( individual felt he was bou
Pre- Islamic Arabia cont.
The Pre Islamic Arab was always conscious of every second of their lives, they were
conscious about disasters, death, calamities, etc.
It was a harsh life
The only real livelihood was by slaughtering animals
Around 1000 BC th
Pre Islamic Arabica cont
Cities were one of the important aspects of the rise of
Caravans would lead to settlement
Petra : developed as a very important independent Arab state, they used a primitive
Arabic ( used script which is known to be old A
Pre Islamic Arabia cont.
Petra : developed as a very important independent arab state, they used a primitive arabic
( used script which is known to be old arabic)
Palmyra (Syria) trade in the year 270 it had a queen (Zanubia) she was able to
Series of battles took place: battle of Badr(624)
o It wasnt until then that Muslims were able to challenge the tribal armies of
Mecca. It grew a great deal of allies for the Muslims. Created new allies. Many
were convinced of his prophecy. Others joined
Islamic era cont.
It was believed that Since the Jews and Christians had corrupted the word of God
Thus needed a final version
The prophet now began to emphasize and speak of the moral needs of his time
The revelations were later collected into a sing
Early Islamic Period:
One of the early issues that troubled early Muslims was: Is Islam a religion for only
Arabs? Or universal?
It wasnt about over 100 years after the death of the prophet Muhamed (may peace be
upon him) that this issue was resolved
Pre-islamic Arabia cont
The Arabs began to own a huge amount of camels
Makhzum: were not from the Quraysh but were from the important families of Makkah
Two most important merchant families just before the birth of the prophet
The sources began to tal