Modes Exercise Set #6
For these exercises identify the prejudicial language and explain how it is prejudicial, noting its
negative and positive connotations. No need to neutralize. If you see a fallacy, identify/explain that as
Example: Spoken by an
Module 2: About concepts and ideas
Ex: What does prostitution mean ?
What is a concept?
It is an idea ( you cannot touch it)
Ideas = organize thoughts and experience which brings order and intelligibility to
o The essence of a chair, or idea
3|]. Cycloalkanes are a group of cyclic saturated hydro-car
bone with a general formula of CHI-11. Which of the
following compounds will display the LEAST amount of
free rotation around a (31: single bond?
Questions 25 through 32 are NOT based on a
LECTURE 1r MC-LECIJLAR STRUCTURE - T
The MEAT mquires knowledge of basil: organic chemistry nomenahuo. For alkanas
you must memorize the following:
prefix number of carbons
- MEAT DiE-AhIII CHEM-57m
I I _F (I: | (I: I
Cl - c - #
I I -3: 105 I I I
alkyl 1 I 1:; I X X X
cfw_one Emgsmm gem-dihalide Vic-dihajide
can an 2
OH OH fir: ii).
DH C'R R DR RCCIR CPL5 ICE5
' I I II_ II
hydmxyl alkoxy H R 9 ti?
LF-.:i.'F-'F i: MULEEUJF STRUCFJEE .
1.1s Absolute Configuration
There is onlyr one way to physicallyr describe the orienta-
lion of atoms about a chiral center such as a chiral carbon.
That is by absolute conguration. Since there are We
_ Br possible con
MILE [rs-rant :-' :
l-Ialogenstioo at these two carbons
makes this producL
fitEMF . -
- , CHS: CH "- .,_ 3 '5
L 9* | | " lH l
@Licmmc + EllII- Harlem ca + cats-teem, + ClCl-LESCI'LCH + CH octagon
C1 Cl H H
2-methbeutane (12% cfw_33%| c
LECTURE 2: Htoeoesesons, ALCDHois. AND SUssnTUTIons - 39
2. l 2 Benzene
Benzene undergoes substitution NOT addition. If a functional group were
added to benzene, it w0uld disrupt the resonance and the compound would no
longer be aromatic.
Questions 1? through 24 are NOT loosed on a
17. Which of the following compounds can exist as either a
cis or trans isomer?
A. CH1CI-LCC1 = CCll-I
13. [loicotine shown below is an alkaloid found in tob
Questions. 9 through 15 are NOT based on a
descriptive passage. -
9. Pyrroler shown below, exhibits resonance stabilization.
Which of the following is a valid resonance structure of
L \l .i ,3
1/ \3 X f
2 - MEAT Omelet; CHEL-hSTR'f
1.3 Lewis Dot Structures
There are three rates for forming Leeds dot structures.
1. Find the total number of valence electrons for all atoms in the molecule.
2. Use one pair of electrons to form one bond between each atom.
1a - MEAT Creams: CHEMISTRY
An instantaneous dipole moment can exist in an othenvise nonpolar molecule.
Instartlarleous- dipoles ase becausethe electrons in a bond. move about the orbital,
and at any given moment may not be distributed exactly between the
LECTURE 1: MOLECULAR STFI-I'i'FLJFE ' 5
J a maa: d-EQH
. ' x I
- C =. C C E C
| I I k
alkane 31km alkyne
[whencarbon single bond cfw_carboncarbon double hand] cfw_carboncarbm triple band
M 1 MEL Ki ' " a
ivitlilfl' Claoaanc CHL mono
We are. of course. aware that the topic of alkenes has been removed from the list of
topics tested by the MEAT. We suggest that this section will be helpful anyway.
it a carbon chain contain
1.4 Other Structures
The clash formula shows the bonds between atoms, but does not show the three
dimensional structure of the molecule.
The condensed formula does not show bonds. Central atoms are usuaj.r followed
by the atoms that bond to them even thou
Course Director: Hilary E. Davis
Practice Fallacy Test
*These practice exercises follow the format of the test exactly.*
9 of the exercises below are arguments, 2 are not
1. Identify the non-arguments and explain why they are not arguments (5 points each
Lecture #1: Introduction to
Claims are statements that can be proven
true or false.
Only complete sentences can be claims.
Questions are not claims.
Rhetorical questions can be reworded to be
When we argue we make claims
Lecture 4 Fallacies
How fallacies should be explained
Identify the particular fallacy. (e.g. Appeal to
Ignorance) Explain how the particular fallacy
operates within the question.
In your explanation a) make reference to the ps
& cs; b)
Lecture 3 Fallacies
Exercise 3.4 #5
MC: The proposal to deregulate electrical power
in Ontario is likely to produce even worse
consequences [than the deregulation of
electrical power in California]
P1: Canada is surrounded by American states
that have h
Lecture #2: Evaluating
When we argue we make claims or
assertions and back them up with reasons.
There are 2 necessary components:
A persuasive claim or assertion (conclusion)
At least one supporting reason (premise)
2 components of
Lecture 6 Clarifying Meaning
Argumentation requires the clear
expression of claims and arguments.
Woman, without her man, is nothing.
Woman, without her, man is nothing.
Context matters when determining the meaning
of a concept.
Class 9 Introduction to
a word, idea or general notion such as
love or freedom which has both depth &
vagueness to them.
Questions of concept require that you
become self-conscious about words which
you usually use unthinking
Modes Exercise Set #7
Using the criteria for good definitions, assess whether the definitions proposed below are strong or
Example: A hat is something worn on the head to protect the wearer from the sun.
Answer: This definition is weak because it is
1. Appeal to Force or the threat of force
2. Appeals to Emotion
2.a Appeal to Pity
2.b Appeal to Fear
2.c Appeal to guilt or shame
2.d Appeal to attery
3. Ad Hominem Fallacies
3.a Abusive ad Hominem (Mudslinging, Name-calling)
Lancet 1: Matron-no S'i'l-rL'IZ'TJRE - 11
1.8 Bonding _
MEAT organic chemistry is about tracking electrons through reactions of carbon
compounds. If we can keep track of the electrons we can understand the reactions
and we can master MQAT organic dismistr