1. Developmental psychologists study physical, cognitive, and _ changes throughout the
human life span.
2. Dr. Birkin's major research interest is the development of motor skills in children
1. Phrenology highlighted the presumed functions of
A. specific brain regions.
B. synaptic gaps.
D. the myelin sheath.
2. The person most likely to suggest that the shape of a person's skull indicates the extent to which
SOS Study Package
1.Wilhelm Wundt wanted to establish psychologys independence from:
E)A and D
F)A and B
2.Careful self-observation of ones conscious experiences is
1. Our sense of hearing is known as
A. the vestibular sense.
2. The process of transducing air pressure waves into neural messages that the brain interprets as
meaningful sound is known as
1. Mental health workers label behavior as disordered when it is
A. aggressive, persistent, and intentional.
B. selfish, habitual, and avoidable.
C. deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional.
D. biologically influenced, unconsciously motivated, an
1. The cerebral cortex is the covering layer of the
B. corpus callosum.
2. Your conscious awareness of your own name and self-identity depends primarily on the normal
functioning of your
1. Surgical destruction of brain tissue is called a(n)
2. An amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity that sweep across the surface of the brain
is called a(n)
1. Professor Shalet contends that parents and children have similar levels of intelligence largely
because they share common genes. His idea is best described as a(n)
C. naturalistic observation.
D. operational definiti
1. The hindsight bias refers to people's tendency to
A. dismiss the value of skepticism.
B. reject any ideas that can't be scientifically tested.
C. exaggerate their ability to have foreseen an outcome.
D. overestimate the extent to which others
1. Hypnosis involves a state of
A. increased physical stamina.
B. heightened openness to suggestion.
C. improved perceptual skills.
D. elevated autonomic arousal.
2. Among those informed that their bodies are swaying, postural sway is i
1. Disruptions in conscious awareness and sense of identity are most characteristic of _
C. generalized anxiety
2. William, an airplane pilot, is unable to remember anything of a bom
1. Which type of memory has an essentially limitless capacity?
A. echoic memory
B. short-term memory
C. long-term memory
D. iconic memory
2. Karl Lashley trained rats to solve a maze and then removed pieces of their cortexes. He observ
1. Psychologists define learning as the process of
A. adapting to the environment.
B. responding to external stimuli.
C. reinforcing behavioral responses.
D. acquiring new information or relatively enduring behaviors.
2. Acquiring new
1. Humans experience the longest visible electromagnetic waves as the color _ and the
shortest visible waves as _.
A. blue-violet; red
B. red; green
C. red; blue-violet
D. black; white
2. Brightness is to intensity as hue is to
1. Prejudice is best defined as
A. the tendency to favor members of one's own group.
B. an unjustifiable attitude toward a group and its members.
C. a perceived incompatibility of actions or goals.
D. the belief that victims of misfortune deserv
1. The prominent feature of mood disorders is the experience of
A. social phobia.
B. flat affect.
C. emotional extremes.
2. Professor Pott emphasizes that normal depression serves an adaptive function by slowing people
1. Language refers to the
A. smallest distinctive sound units.
B. rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences.
C. spoken, written, or signed words and the ways they are combined to communicate meaning.
D. rules by which we de
1. Adolescence extends from
A. the beginning of concrete operations to the end of formal operations.
B. 12 to 15 years of age.
C. the beginnings of sexual maturity to independent adulthood.
D. the beginning to the end of the growth spurt.
1. Ten distinct and basic emotions were identified by
A. William James.
B. Charles Darwin.
C. Stanley Schachter.
D. Caroll Izard.
2. People tend to describe their experienced emotions along the two dimensions of
A. physical and social.
1. Compared with environmentally impoverished rats, those rats housed in enriched environments
experienced a dramatic increase in the number of their
A. Y chromosomes.
D. sex hormones.
2. Premature infants who
1. Since 1960, psychology has regained an interest in consciousness as psychologists of all
persuasions affirmed the importance of
B. choice blindness.
C. selective attention.
2. Consciousness is
A. the abili
1. Motivation is defined by psychologists as
A. an impulse to accomplish something of significance.
B. rigidly patterned behavior characteristic of all people.
C. a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior toward a goal.
D. the cause o
1. The first stage of the sexual response cycle is
A. a refractory period.
B. an excitement stage.
C. a plateau stage.
2. Research on the sexual response cycle indicates that
A. men and women experience an equally long refra
1. Vince, an extraverted university freshman, has just moved into a dormitory. Vince is most likely to
become friends with
A. Alfonse, a junior who is majoring in psychology and lives across the hall.
B. Mohammed, an introverted student who live
1. The treatment of serious psychological disorders with prescribed medications or medical procedures
that directly influence the nervous system is called
A. systematic desensitization.
B. cognitive-behavioral therapy.
C. psychodynamic therapy.
1. Normal visual sensation in the absence of complete visual perception is best illustrated by
B. the difference threshold.
C. subliminal stimulation.
D. sensory interaction.
2. The process of receiving and representi
1. Psychologists use _ to assess individuals' mental aptitudes and compare them with those
A. genetic estimates
B. reliability coefficients
C. intelligence tests
D. the g factor
2. The nineteenth-century English scientist Si
1. An integrated understanding of associative learning in terms of genetic predispositions, culturally
learned preferences, and the predictability of certain associations is most clearly provided by
A. Pavlov's experiments.
B. Watson's behaviori
1. Maladaptive behaviors that reduce worry and fear are most indicative of
A. bipolar disorder.
B. an anxiety disorder.
C. anorexia nervosa.
D. attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
2. Rishi, a college student, complains that he fe
Chapter 8 Language and Thought
Properties & Structure
Language: Symbolic, Semantic, Generative and Structured Hierarchy
Phonemes: Smallest speech units that can be distinguished
Morphemes: Smallest unit of meaning in a language
Syntax: System of
Chapter 9: Intelligence and Psychological Testing
KEY CONCEPTS IN TESTING:
Standardization refers to the uniform procedures used in administering and score tests.
Norms indicate whether a score on a test ranks in relation to other scores.
Chapter 16 Social Behaviour
Judgements of others can be distorted by their physical appearance, as we tend to ascribe
desirable personality characteristics and competence on those who are good looking.
Perceptions of competence based on
Chapter 12: Personality: Theory, Research and Assessment
THE NATURE OF PERSONALITY:
A personality trait is a durable disposition to behave in a particular way across a variety of
According to the five-factor model, most aspects of personality a
Chapter 7 Human Memory
Attention: Entails a selective focus on certain input, enhances encoding.
Levels-of-processing theory: Proposes that deeper levels of processing result in more durable memory.
Structural, Phonemic and Semantic encoding: Rep