For Muslims: the Word of God preserved verbatim (word for word), as delivered through
the last Prophet Muhammad.
Some Muslims believe that it is uncreated and eternal (with no beginning or end);
others believe that it is created by God in time (
Muslims: their religious beliefs and practices
New York : Routledge, 2005
xii, 371 p.
Islam; Muslims; Islam - Doctrines; Islam - Customs and practices
The Pre-Islamic World in Late Antiquity
Geography and Demography.
Continuity and Change.
Topics for discussion
Issues of continuity and change
The Middle East as a cradle of civilization.
Periodization and notion of Late Antiquity
Society, culture, religion
Arabia ca. 600 CE: The international setting
Arabic and related languages
Muhammad The Prophet.
Hijaz, Mecca and the Kaba before Islam
* KABA (*HARAM)
Arabia: Monotheism before
Tayma (Nabu-naid); Khayba
THE STUDY OF ISLAM
ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT
OF RELIGIOUS STUDIES
RELIGIOUS STUDIES: beginning 19th century: gains independent status
from theology along with history, anthropology, Oriental and Biblical studies. A
disciplined, specialized fi
Relations of Muhamad-
Yathrib/Medina: Social organization
The pledges of Aqaba and the *HIJRA
CRITICAL SKILLS WORKSHOP:
EFFECTIVE READING OF ACADEMIC TEXTS.
Leading on to effective
Does reading a long academic article seem a bit daunting?
That might be because you are trying to swallow it whole. If
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Ummah in the Constitution of Medina
Author(s): Frederick M. Denny
Source: Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Vol. 36, No. 1 (Jan., 1977), pp. 39-47
Published by: University of Chicago Press
Stable URL: http:/www.jstor.org/stable/544125