Chapter 3 Group Cohesiveness
In chapter 3 Yalom addresses the importance of cohesiveness. What is
cohesiveness? Cohesiveness is the group therapy analogue to relationship in individual
therapy(53). Cohesiveness in group therapy is an es
CHAPTER 1: Psychology
Psychology is the scientific study of behaviour and the mind.
Basic vs Applied Research
Basic research: General Knowledge for its own sake,
Applied research: Practical problems
4 goals of psychology
describe, explain, predict, and co
107) Which lobes are involved primarily with the reception and interpretation of auditory
Correct: The main function of the temporal lobes is to process auditory information, which is
controlled by the primary auditory
79) According to the text, the primary site(s) for language comprehension and production,
problem solving and the use of logic is (are) the
c. cerebrum and its cortex.
Correct: Other parts of the brain are associated with these
1) The specialized cell that transmits signals throughout the nervous system is the
Correct: The neuron is the specialized cell that carries signals throughout the nervous system.
b. glial cell.
Page Reference: 32
Objective: 2.3 Explain how neural impulses work.
25) Just before they release their neurotransmitters, synaptic vesicles are located
a. throughout the neuron's structure.
b. in the cell body's n
52) The reticular formation is to alertness as the cerebellum is to _.
a. skilled movements
Correct: The reticular formation controls alertness, while the cerebellum controls skilled or
b. blood pressure
64) Which of the following is composed of several brain structures, including the hippocampus
and the amygdala?
a. Limbic system
Correct: The limbic system includes several structures, such as the hippocampus and the
b. Reticular system
97) Which lobes are responsible for our spatial orientation, our sense of direction, and our ability
to identify objects by touch alone?
Correct: Among other functions, the parietal lobes are also responsible for spatial orientation,
Correct: GABA is an amino acid
Page Reference: 34
Objective: 2.5 Understand the role of the following neurotransmitters: acetylcholine, dopamine,
norepinephrine, epinephrine, serotonin, amino acids,
Stopped at psychological disorders
Half of chapter 16
65 multiple choice questions
Chapter 1: Psychology: The Science of Behaviour
function and use of EEG
definition of the term behavior
hierarchical structure of Brain
1 hour long in class.
30 multiple choice questions (80%) and 2 short answers (20%)
Pages omitted not on exam
*Critical Thinking Sections, Application Sections, Feature Studies.*
Perceptual Organization: Depth Perception
How do we transform 2-d ima
Synthesia is a condition in which perceptual or cognitive activities trigger exceptional
experiences. (color, taste, etc)
Emotional Synesthesia is a condition in which specific stimuli are consistently and
involuntarily associated with emotion
Development of Psychology
The study of the mind
Philosophy and Physiology influenced the course of early Psychology
Descartes argued for dualism of mind and body
Mind and body were separate and fundamentally different
Mind (soul) being immaterial and
Goals of Scientific Enterprise
Measurement and description
Develop measurement techniques that make it possible to describe
behaviour clearly and precisely
Understanding and prediction
To evaluate their understanding, scientists make and test predict
a) Definition of Psychology
b) Empirical Method
c) Careers in Psychology
a.) Scientific study of behavior
Psychologists study how you act (behavior)
how you think (mental)
how you feel (emotional)
how your brain and body respond (physiological)
Chapter 3: Biological Basis of Behavior
Communication in the Nervous System
The cells in the nervous system fall into two categories gila and neurons
Neurons are individual cells in the nervous system that receive, integrate and
Communication in the Nervous System
Behaviour depends on rapid information processing
Nervous system is a complex communication network
Cells here fall into two categories; glia and neurons
Neurons are individual c
Bullying in Canadian Schoolyards - pg 4
34 teacher-nominated aggressive and 31 teacher-nominated socially competent
children who had been videotaped on school playground during unstructured
lunch and recess activities.
Descriptive Correlational Research
Only method of choice when it comes to psychological phenomenons (rare
cases, eg. Psychopathy, MPD)
In depth analysis and unique in angle
Wording (eg. public poll)
Every feeling has its value and significance
Signals that offer direction on what we are meant to do with our lives (blissed, pissed or
Subjective/cognitive component (immediate appraisal)
Pleasant/unpleasant internal st
The outer layer of cerebrum
What makes us distinctively human
4 lobes (p. 100):
Back of the head
Your eyes are unable to register any images until it reaches the
back of your head
Handles all bodily sensations
How physiology affects thoughts and behavior.
How your mind (conscious thoughts) influence behavior.
How the unconscious influences behavior
How the environment shapes b
Can paralyze/lead to adaptive responses
Conditioning and observational learning explain acquisition of fears
Perceived offense involving a responsible agent
What to do with angry feelings?
Hostile outbursts often lea
Why learn about the brain?
How does it work?
Do we have control over it?
Is the mind reducible to biological mechanisms?
Glands and hormones
First major communicating system within the body
Basic building block; Hormones re
20th april, 3 hours
80 multiple choice questions
6 short answers, only one exam
Worth 31% of grade
Altruism - Unselfish regard for others welfare
Altruism fails here
Case of Kitty Genovese
Failure to help is related to the nu
Sensation vs. Perception
Based on activity of sense receptors.
How physical energy is transformed into neural impulses.
From outer world, to senses, to brain.
Elaboration, transformation, interpretation of
Lecture #12 (Nov. 29, 16)
Individual Differences (capture the individual differences within psychology)
accounts for individual differences in behavior
stable, long term
key contribution to p
Lecture #8 (Nov. 8, 16)
For the test:
4 Chapters (4-8)
Researchers can pinpoint the specific neurons that are apart of a specific memory
Construction: Only a certain amount of space for each specific thing in an individuals life
Lecture - March. 21, 2017
BA + MA (2 yrs) + Ph.D. (4-7 yrs)
As a grad student, are paid by univ/province
Grad student Admission York 8 out of 200 applicants
Fees (depend on services) . $170 - $250 hr.