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Antianxiety, sedative, and hypnotic drugs
Nervous Nelly, a 72 year old female, was recently admitted to Shady Acres Nursing
Home. Nellys husband died two years ago and she moved into the nursing home
because she could no longer take care
1.A patient is diagnosed with an infection attributable to the gram-negative microorganism
Pseudomonas. Which of the following anti-infective agents is most reliable in treating
1.A patient is admitted to the emergency room with a diagnosis of Legionnaires' disease
and is placed on isolation. Which of the following medications is the drug of choice for
Loxapine hydrochloride (Lo
1.The home care nurse sees a patient for the first time. The patient has crackles in the lower
lobes of the lungs, an audible S3, and pitting edema in the feet and ankles. What
condition is the patient most likely experiencing?
1.An infant is being administered an immunization. Which of the following provides an
accurate description of an immunization?
It should be administered to a pregnant woman prior to the infant's birth.
It is the administration of an antigen for an a
1.A patient has been prescribed phenazopyridine (Pyridium) for urinary tract symptoms
related to the infection. The patient asks why she is taking this medication. What is the
most appropriate response by the nurse?
This medicine is used to treat urina
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An 81 year old male patient with a history of chronic heart failure has just been
transferred from the cardiac intensive care unit to the medical floor where you are
working this evening. He was originally admitted six days
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Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors). P.T. is a 63 year
old female who has been newly diagnosed with type 2 (adult-onset)
diabetes mellitus. In the clinic, her blood pressure is 165/85. The physi
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1. Mr. Y is receiving penicillin for the first time. He is to receive the IV form of
the drug, penicillin G potassium. You are the nurse responsible for his care.
a. Mr. Y states he has never received penicillin before. Is he
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1. Your patient is receiving the anticoagulant heparin.
a. What laboratory study is used to regulate heparin?
The effects of heparin are measured in the lab by the partial thromboplastin time
(aPTT), one of the measures of
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Autonomic nervous system
The two branches of the autonomic nervous system are the sympathetic
nervous system and the parasympathetic nervous system.
a. The sympathetic nervous system maintains vital functions (like heart rate
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Mrs. Kneepain is a 72 year old female with severe osteoarthritis of both knees
who is admitted to the hospital for a bilateral total knee replacement. After
surgery, Mrs. Kneepains orthopedic surgeon orders morphine IV per PCA p
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Drugs affecting the autonomic nervous system
Adrenergic agonists. Epinephrine (Adrenalin).
a. What are the therapeutic uses of epinephrine (Adrenalin)?
Epinephrine is a hormone and a neurotransmitter that's also known as adrenaline.
1.A patient is prescribed acyclovir (Zovirax) for the treatment of genital herpes. What is the
expected outcome of this medication?
Decreased testosterone production
Decreased viral shedding
Decreased bacterial replication