information to report to HCP
Laboratory test and results
relating to nursing diagnosis
Assessment data to support
A sheet of tissue that lines a body surface or
Epithelial Tissue characteristics
-polarity- faces free space
-cellularity- no intracellular matrix
-joins cells in sheets
-supported by connective tissue- possesses a
Systems of Care 3
Med-Surg Practice Questions (Exam 1)
1. When assessing a patient's nutritional-metabolic pattern related to hematologic health,
the nurse would
Inspect the skin for petechiae.
Ask the patient about joint pain.
In a DNA molecule, guanine would connect to _
In a DNA molecule, the phosphate serves _.
a. to bind the sugars to their bases
b. to hold the molecular backbone together
c. as nucleotides
d. as a code
to hold the molecular backbone tog
Advanced Med Surg Final Part 2 Everything Else
What do you call the creation of
What are the two types of stem
cells from which all blood cells are
Myeloid stem cells and Lymphoid stem cells
Name of Test
High Results Mean
Low Results Mean
Low blood volume/
dehydration, shock, HF,
kidney disease, drug toxicity
Liver failure, cirrhosis,
Rhythm and Strip
Normal sinus rhythm
Cardiac Rhythms and Dysrhythmias
Rate: 60 100 bpm
There is one P for every QRS
PR interval: 0.12 0.20 seconds
QRS complex: 0.06 0.10 seconds
This is a normal heart rhythm
Patho GI & Neuro
The nervous system consists of two main divisions.
Central nervous system
Structure: Brain & Spinal cord
Function: Integrative & control centers
Peripheral nervous system
Structure: Cranial & Spinal nerves
What are all metric measurements composed of?
Metric prefix and a basic unit of measure
What is the most commonly used temperature scale in the
Celsius or Centigrade
The nucleus of an atom contains or is made up of which of the
What are the 5 steps of the Nursing Process?
Assessment, Diagnosing/Analyzing data gained from
assessing/Planning (including outcome identification),
Implementing (according to priority), evaluating.did it work?
The nursing process is.
overlapping and dyn
Endemic- occurrence of expected number of cases among a group of
people over time
Incidence- # of new cases in a population
Prevalence- # of cases in a population (per 10,000 or 100,000)
Outbreak- more cases of a particular disease than expected in a giv
PEDIATRICS NCLEX REVIEW POINTERS
Signs of increased intracranial pressure
An elevated or bulging anterior fontanel indicates an increase in cerebrospinal fluid collection in
the cerebral ventricle. Fluid accumulation in the cranial cavity will exert press
LETS GET THE BASICS
SV + HR= CO
Cardiac output = Blood Pressure
Be mindful of signs of perfusion
MAP (>60 to perfuse the kidneys)
Cardiac Index (specific to body surface) (>2.5L/min/m)
FACTORS THAT AFFECT BLOOD PRESSURE
cardiac muscle tissue
cardiac muscle tissue
found: walls of heart
cardiac muscle tissue slide
Skeletal muscle tissue
skeletal muscle tissue is found
found: attached to bones
smooth muscle tissue
smooth muscle tissue is found
found: walls of gut and arteri
a nerve cell that receives and transmits electrical
impulses, cannot divide by mitosis
(nerve cell body) receives nerve impulses,
contains the nucleus and nucleolus
numerous extensions of the soma that RECEIVE
G1- cytoplasmic growth
G2- structures required for mitosis are created
-copies of CHROMATIN condense
-each copy is called a chromatid
-chromatid attach to each other at CENTROMERES to form sister
Berry shaped bacteria.
Instrument to record.
Instrument to visually examine.
Surgical creation of a permanent
opening to the outside of the body.
A 25-year-old client was adm
Pediatric Bench Marks
Birth wt doubles at 6 months and triples at 12 months
Birth length increases by 50% at 12 months and doubles at 4 years
Post fontanel closes by 8 wks
Ant fontanel closes by 12-18 months
Moro reflex disappears at 4 months
Understanding the Heart.
Anatomy And Physiology
Normal Anatomy: Microscopic
Consists of Three layers- epicardium, myocardium and
The Layers of the Heart Wall
Essential layer of the heart
ACE INHIBITORS [-PRIL]
Commonly Used: Captopril, Enalapril, Fosinopril, Moexipril, Perindopril
Can cause HA, dizziness, fatigue, tachy
Notify if taking diuretic!
Action: Any group of antihypertensive drugs that re
OB HESI STUDY GUIDE
1. Basic nursing skills/safety/newborn radiant warmer temperature probe
If the infant does not remain w/the mother during the 1st 1-2 hours after birth, the
infant is placed under a radiant warmer or incubator until body tem
Which of the following best defines anatomy?
The study of the structure of body parts and
their relationships to one another.
The study of tissues.
The study of all chemical reactions that occur
within body cells.
The study of how the body parts work and
HESI 1 B
1.What is the rationale for using the nursing process in planning
care for clients?
A. As a scientific process to identify nursing diagnoses of a
clients' healthcare problems.
B. To establish nursing theory that incorporates the
Med Surg HESI II
Community Hlth/Medical Surgical- Respiratory COPD- S&S:
cough (chronic intermittent; usually occurs in morning w/ or w/o sputum), sputum production, dyspnea (progressive; occurs
with exertion then becomes present at rest), &/or history
Adv Med Surg Studyguide
1. Hypoproliferative Anemia
a. Iron deficiency anemia
i. Clinical manifestations
1. Smooth, sore tongue
2. Brittle, rigid nails
3. Angular cheliosis (cracks at corners of mouth)
ii. Medical mgt
1. Determine cause
2. Supplemental ir
Causes & patho:
Signs and Symptoms:
1. Scene Size-up
b. Is my scene safe
c. Mechanism of injury
Nature of illness
d. # of patients
e. Call for help
f. Begin Triage
2. Initial Assessment
Use a General Impression
to Assess the patients
COnCEpts Of LEarning
he Practical Nursing
program is designed to assist
adults to train for a career in
nursing. Thousands of adult
learners across the United
States are engaged in similar
adult educational programs.
As an adult learner, you ha
1. woman had variable deceleration. What is nursing action? Turn her on her
2. parents asking nurse why heel stick is important for baby ? It is routine exam
to check for metabolic deficiency
3. patient was on drug; what is side effect? Rapid
To voluntarily refrain from something.
To hold fast or stick together.
Undesired, possibly harmful
Appearance of observable emotions
Offsetting or making up for something
Degree of viscosity; how thic