INTRODUCTION TO SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
We try to understand and predict human behavior
Social influence: the effect that the words, actions, or mere presence of other
people have on our thoughts, feelings, attitudes, or behavior.
CHAPTER 2 METHODLOGY: How Social Psychologists Do
Pornography harmful or not? Does it increase rape, violence?
A woman murdered in an alley in New York attack lasted for 45
minutes noone helped, called the police at least 38 people were
CHAPTER 3 SOCIAL COGNITION:
How We Think about the Social World
The case of Amadou (1999), African, who wasnt reaching for his gun but
for his wallet, killed by the police. And many other cases.
Social cognition: how people think about
- themselves and
CHAPTER 4 SOCIAL PERCEPTION: How We Come to Understand
(understand / interpret meaning)
Nonverbal Behavior Communication without words
CHAPTER 6 THE NEED TO JUSTIFY OUR ACTIONS: The Costs
and Benefits of Dissonance Reduction
Cognitive dissonance: feeling of discomfort due to conflicting
Any two conflicting cognitions could cause cognitive
CHAPTER 7 - ATTITUDES AND ATTITUDE CHANGE: Influencing
Thoughts and Feelings
Attitude: evaluations of people, objects or ideas
3 parts of attitude:
1- Affective component emotional reactions toward the att. object
2- Cognitive component thoughts and belie
CHAPTER 8 CONFORMITY: Influencing Behavior
changing ones behavior due to the
influence of others.
e.g. Vietnam My Lai massacre of more than 300 villagers
WHY DO WE CONFORM?
1- Informational Social Influence
Uncertainty about h
CHAPTER 12 AGGRESSION: Why Do We Hurt Other People?
Aggression: Intentional behavior aimed at doing harm or causing pain to
another person either physical or verbal
- Freud inborn instincts: Eros (toward life) + Thanatos (toward
HOW SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGISTS
PREVIOUSLY ON PSYC 102.
Social psychology is the scientific study
of how peoples thoughts, feelings, and
behaviors are influenced by the real or
imagined presence of other people
Today: What d