WEEK 1: Introduction to Ethics
Chapters 1 & 2
WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY?
o A system of human activity
o Ideas are only said to be wise if they are sensibly
and insightfully derived from our observations of
how the world is.
o Academic philosophy: a systematic en
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Post-apartheid South Africa is currently facing extreme inequality amongst its citizens due to
the lingering effects of the apartheid regime and the injustices it created. Affirmative Action
(AA hereafter) was introduced in South Africa in the year 1998 a
WEEK 1: INTRO INTO BUS ETHICS
What is philosophy?
Philosophy is a systematized body of thought all about matters of right and
wrong and is the route to wisdom. (Experts in thinking).
Wisdom is defined as experience and knowledge judiciously applied. Ideas
Chapter 10: Affirmative Action
Affirmative action and equal opportunities
Affirmative action: more than simply ending discrimination, preferential treatment for
members of certain disadvantaged groups (most often black people or women).
Chapter 12: Whistle Blowing
What is whistleblowing?
A supporting metaphor for publicly disclosing serious wrongdoing in the workplace (to
media, government agencies)
For our purposes occurs in private sector (not state sector)
Its in the public, not me
Chapter 13: Business and the Environment
Who (or what) has moral standing?
Various commercial activities can have significant consequences for the environment
Which commercial actions with environmental consequences are permissible and
which are not
Business and the Environment: Chapter questions (pg 277)
1) If we think forests cannot be wronged, can we still raise a moral objection to the
destruction of a forest?
Yes we can, by destroying a forest you will firstly harm human bein
Affirmative action: Chapter questions (pg: 219)
1) What is tie-breaker affirmative action?
Is when an employer always favours a member of a disadvantaged group over
an equally qualified member of another group, when both applicants are
Chapter 11: Employee Rights
Relationship between an employer and employee = A contractual relationship
When contract of employment is signed employer becomes morally obliged to ensure
working conditions are as stipulated in cont
Whistleblowing: Chapter questions
1) DeGeorges considerations against whistleblowing:
Loyalty it is important for an employee to be loyal to her company, work,
fellow employees and her employer. This is because she should give gratitud
Chapter 15: Behavioural Ethics
What is behavioural ethics?
A field of psychology not concerned with answering the normative questions what is
the right way to behave?
Concerned with answering descriptive ethical questions, eg: why do people behave
Chapter 15: Behavioural Ethics - chapter questions
1) Two reasons that pay-for-performance schemes are imperfect means of incentivising
employees to act ethically:
Such schemes only pay for observable performance and not all performanc
Business ethics is supposedly a paradox
What is philosophy: philosophy literally means love of wisdom. In the sense of pursuing wisdom.
What is critical thinking:
2 key features of critical thinking:
it requires logic to support
Equality of opportunity is the idea that appointments, positions or placements should not be
determined by birth or social circumstances. Preferably, individuals in society ought to have
equal opportunities to get the job opportunity they applied for. Equ
"This document is attributed to Don Mayer, Daniel M. Warner,
George J. Siedel, Jethro K. Lieberman and Flat World
Chapter 8 Is advertising immoral?
Concerns about advertising in general include concerns about the methods of
advertisers and the effects that these methods have on us.
Robert Arringtons thoughts
Puffery the practice by a seller of making exaggerated, hig
Ethics summary: Chapter 1 and 2
Chapter 1 Introduction
Paradox is a contradiction can be an apparent contradiction. This is when
something seems impossible but it is an established fact.
Ethics is about doing the right thing. Its about right and wrong.
It is the misdeeds of an organization to which you belong
There ARE moral guidelines; there ARE NOT a generally accepted method
DeGeorge promotes three basic considerations on the justifiability of whistleblowing
Considerations against Whis
Chapter 11 Employee Rights
The idea of a contract
Contractual relationship exists between an employer and an employee
Everything is made explicit in a contract (working conditions, wage etc)
Contract view: employees are morally entitled to the working c
Introduction & critical thinking
The difference between ethics and morality:
Share a common meaning:
1. Principles of right and wrong behaviour, or good and bad character
But ethics has 2 further (different) meanings:
2. The study
What is an economic system?
A system which determines how scarce resources (natural resources, labour, money) are
allocated to people with an infinity of wants. These systems are all around us.
Should we morally judge these systems?
Yes they rai
Week 12: Behavioural Ethics
Deals with a field of psychology behavioural ethics (studying how we actually
behave, rather than how we should behave).
Concerned with descriptive questions rather than normative
How do we go wrong?
Choosing wrongly in a right
Affirmative Action chapter 10
Affirmative action: preferential treatment for members of certain
disadvantaged groups (most often black people or women). This preferential
treatment can be done in four ways:
Outreach: steps are taken to encourage, and ofte
Women in Military Combat: Should they be Allowed to Serve or Not?
The question of whether women should be allowed to serve in military combat has
always been a contentious issue with some of the
PHI2043S BUSINESS ETHICS 2014
TEST: 17 SEPTEMBER 2014
This test, which consists of two pages, counts for 75 marks. Section A counts for 15 marks, Section
B counts for 10 marks, and the essay in Section C counts for 50 marks. Only in Section C do you